|General law city|
|City of Poway|
The Twin Peaks above Poway in August 2004.
|Motto: "The City in the Country!"|
Location in San Diego County
|Incorporated||12 December 1980|
|• City manager||Dan Singer|
|• Total||39.165 sq mi (101.438 km2)|
|• Land||39.079 sq mi (101.214 km2)|
|• Water||0.086 sq mi (0.223 km2) 0.22%|
|Elevation||515 ft (157 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (July 1, 2015)||50,157|
|• Density||1,200/sq mi (470/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-08:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-07:00)|
|ZIP codes||92064, 92074|
|GNIS feature IDs||1661258, 2411480|
Poway // is a city in San Diego County, California. Originally an unincorporated community in the county, Poway officially became a city on December 12, 1980. Poway's rural roots[who?] gave rise to its slogan "The City in the Country". As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 47,811. The ZIP code is 92064.
Poway is located at  which lies north of the city of San Diego and south of the city of Escondido. Some nearby communities include Rancho Bernardo, Sabre Springs, Scripps Ranch, Rancho Peñasquitos, and Ramona to the East. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.3 square miles (102 km2), of which 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.25%) is water.(32.969895, −117.038479),
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Education
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government
- 6 Economy
- 7 Parks and reserves
- 8 Notable people
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Artifacts such as arrowheads, spear points, metates, grinding stones, and pottery found along the bed of Poway Creek all indicate an early Diegueño presence. Various pictographs adorn many of Poway's boulders, and modern dating techniques suggest these paintings date to the 16th century and earlier.
The original name of the valley ("Pawiiy" or "Pauwai") is derived from the Kumeyaay language of the Diegueño Indians who roamed the area for several hundred years before the Spaniards came. Traces of these Native Americans still remain in Diegueño.
Poway's contemporary history began in the late 18th century, when padres from the Mission San Diego de Alcalá kept cattle in the valley. Documents of Mission San Diego de Alcala record the name of the valley as "Paguay" as early as 1828. Though there is a discrepancy on the exact translation of "Paguay," the generally accepted version indicates "the meeting of little valleys" or "end of the valley." Some controversy also surrounds the proper spelling; historically it has also been written by the Mexican authorities as Paguai. It has also been written as Paui, Pauai, Pauy, and Powaii.
For approximately a century, Poway served as a stock range for the mission and local ranchos. In September 1839, Corporal Rosario Aguilar was granted Rancho Paguai a ranch in the valley and it was confirmed on May 22, 1840, but he refused it, becoming Juez de paz in 1841 and moving instead to San Juan Capistrano.
American settlers began to come to the valley for farming purposes in the late antebellum period. Few records of this time have survived, and not until 1894 and the inception of the Poway Progress did the town's history become a thing of record. In 1887, about 800 people lived and farmed in Poway. Around the start of the 20th century, Poway farmers had moderate success in the production and vending of fruit, grain, and dairy products. The expansion, however, failed to follow agricultural success. Though the farmers prospered, the town existed in a static state for decades, varying only slightly in population, demographics, crop selection, and the like.
Poway has a creek and fertile soil, but the lack of easily available water prevented the settlement from attracting large-scale farmers and the accompanying population growth. Not until 1954 did the town establish the Poway Municipal Water District, which utilizes water from the Colorado River Aqueduct to irrigate all of Poway's 10,000 acres (40 km2). When water came to the town, people did as well. In 1957, following the sewer system's completion, developers built housing tracts, and modern Poway grew from there.
In 1980 Poway incorporated and officially became the City of Poway (nicknamed "the City in the Country") rather than a neighborhood of San Diego itself. Poway no longer relies on agriculture for its primary source of income and has instead transitioned into a residential community for those who work for employers in and around the San Diego area. According to a recent state government estimate, the population of Poway has grown since that last census to 50,542. It justifies its nickname of the "City in the Country" despite its burgeoning population because it has been designated a "Tree City" for the last decade.
In 2004, the City of Poway adopted the 1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division, based out of nearby Camp Pendleton. The Fred L. Kent Post 7907 of the Veterans of Foreign Wars has been the official go-between with the battalion, which has been redeployed at least once to Iraq since its adoption.
Though many residents today mistake Poway for an old Western-style cowboy town, its original roots lie in agriculture. The Homestead Act of 1862 encouraged Westward migration, and accordingly many of Poway's first white settlers came to farm. The fecund soil proved well-suited to a variety of crops, including peaches, Muscat grapes, apricots, pears, hay, and alfalfa. Some farmers captured swarms of wild bees and cultivated honey. Dairying also proved lucrative. Most families kept a cow for milk and butter, chickens for eggs and meat, and perhaps a hog to sustain them while they farmed. Crops sold well around the San Diego area. Between the seasons of 1894 and 1896, the Poway Progress reported bits of agricultural information such as:
- Muscat grapes are beginning to ripen, and the San Diego market is getting a supply of the fine article Poway always produces. ... The season has been a prolific one for bees, thirty of forty stands the present season from a single captured swarm a year or two ago. ... The peach is a good article, and Poway produces it to perfection. Poway pears will compare with any grown in the state.
The success of these crops depended on the annual winter rainfall, however, and so remained subject to variations in precipitation until the establishment of the Poway Municipal Water District in 1954. With water readily available, the town's farming interest shifted to two principal crops, avocados, and citrus fruits. Ironically, despite the relative success of these ventures, Poway ceased to exist as a farming town once the water needed to make it a true agricultural haven appeared. With water came new residents, and the former farm town transformed into a locale full of small commercial businesses and modest shopping centers.
The Community Church of Poway, the town's first church, has remained in operation since 1887, making it the house of worship with the longest continual operation in San Diego County. It is now affiliated with the United Church of Christ.  Today, Catholics, Lutherans, Methodists, Presbyterians, and Mormons constitute the majority of Poway's religious demographic. Living Way Church, a non-denominational Protestant church, through Berean Bible College, is the only church currently in Poway that offers bible college classes. There are two Catholic churches in Poway, St. Michael's  and St. Gabriel's. 
There is also a small Jewish community, with a Reform and a Conservative temple as well as a Chabad. A Sikh temple, one of several in San Diego County, is found in Poway. Two Kingdom Halls of Jehovah's Witnesses are located in Poway. There are nine congregations of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints located in Poway that meet in three meetinghouses.
Poway established its school district in 1871, but did not have a schoolhouse until 1885, when a one-room school was built at Midland Road about a 2–3-minute walk south of the Templar's Hall. The site is still in use today as an elementary school (Kindergarten through 5th grade), though it was torn down and rebuilt in 1945, and renovated again in 2004–2006. First through eighth graders were included in one classroom. Children learned to read and write using slates, and eventually progressed to study subjects such as arithmetic, spelling, English, language (German or Latin), grammar, history, and geography. Students did not usually attend high school, and had to travel to Escondido if they wished to do so. In 1909, only three students from Poway graduated from high school. Women who went on to more school from there usually had teaching ambitions. Education, while compulsory and considered a worthwhile pastime, had few far-reaching applications for Poway's farmers' children. Enrollment in the Poway School 1st–8th grades did not reach 100 until 1932.
Presently, the Poway Unified School District (PUSD) has grown to 25 elementary (Kindergarten to 5th grade), six middle (6th–8th grades), six high (9th–12th grades) schools, a home-schooling program, and a K–8 school. PUSD has a record of high performance, and one of its students, Anurag Kashyap (an eighth-grader at the time), became the 2005 National Spelling Bee champion after winning on the word "appoggiatura".
Poway's transportation history parallels that of early California. In 1888 the first stagecoach began to service the towns from San Diego to Escondido, including Poway. The stage made one stop in town, at the Poway Post Office, and also delivered mail to the farmers who would wait along the road for its arrival. The men would trot alongside the coach and inquire as to the state of the mail, and thus receive letters without requiring it to stop. Eight to ten passengers could accompany the stagecoach on its three-day journey for a modest $1.00 fee, or purchase a round trip for the bargain price of $1.50. The route itself, though not treacherous when passing through Poway, did pose a significant challenge to the team and driver at various points. Windy mountain trails often caused the stage to turn over, spilling both mail and passengers onto the rocky turf. The city of San Diego discontinued the stage line in 1912, when the advent of the automobile facilitated an easier and less time-consuming method of mail delivery. Poway established a County Road Station in 1920, to oil and maintain the roads so that automobiles could use them with ease. The road station remained in operation until 1961, when Poway achieved an 80% paved road rate. To this day, though, the town still boasts a number of dirt roads, for use by cars, horses, bikers, pedestrians, and hikers. Portions of what is currently Pomerado Road, a major north/south artery, were once U.S. Route 395 in California.
Poway's greatest change started in the 1950s when water came to the valley. On January 29, 1954, an election was held on the formation of the Poway Municipal Water District, which passed with an overwhelming majority of 210 ayes to 32 nays. At the second election on March 25, 1954, the citizens voted to annex to the San Diego County Water Authority. At a third election held April 22, 1954, the citizens voted to incur bonded debt of $600,000 to build a water system. The first water delivery was made in July 1954 to Gordon's Grocery on Garden Road. In 1972 Poway Dam was built to provide a dependable supply of water.
In 1957, the Pomerado County Water District was organized to provide sewer service to 1,610 acres (6.5 km2) along Pomerado Road. In 1959 the first subdivision homes were built and sold as Poway Valley Homes and Poway's population began to climb. On December 1, 1980, the City of Poway incorporated and the two districts, Poway Municipal Water and Pomerado County Water, became part of the City structure. The district issued a restriction for watering lawns. It allowed people to water their lawns three days a week each week. After a year or two, these restrictions were lifted.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city covers an area of 39.2 square miles (102 km2), 99.78% of it land, and 0.22% of it water.
|Climate data for Poway|
|Average high °F (°C)||67
|Average low °F (°C)||44
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.52
Poway High School
The Titan wrestling team, coached by Wayne Branstetter since 1978, has won 25 consecutive CIF San Diego Section Championships, placed in the top five statewide 20 times, and won four CIF State Wrestling Team Championships, in 1986, 1999, 2005 and 2009.
The Poway High varsity football team, coached by Damian Gonzalez, won the CIF San Diego Division I semi-finals in 2006 and won the CIF San Diego Division I title in 2007, going undefeated (12–0) for the first time in the school's history.
The Poway High varsity baseball team won the CIF Division I championship in 2006, 2008 and 2009.
The Poway High girls' varsity basketball team won the CIF Division I championship in 2008 and set a school record with 29 wins in 2009.
The Emerald Brigade, the school's marching band, competes throughout the year and has won sweepstakes and top honors. They won top honors in regional and national competitions in the late 1990s.
The Poway High School Choir department sends its top choirs (Die Lieders and Women's & Men's Ensembles) to compete nationally, acquiring top awards in various major cities around the country, including San Francisco, Washington D.C., Chicago, Illinois and Orlando, Florida.
Kellye Cash, the great-niece of Johnny Cash, graduated in 1983 and was crowned Miss America in 1987. Tom DeLonge, of the bands Blink-182, Box Car Racer, and Angels & Airwaves, attended Poway High School. Other alumni include Zach Porter, Nathan Darmody, and Cameron Quiseng of Allstar Weekend. Many highly accomplished leaders attended Poway High School, including biotechnology pioneer and acclaimed scientist David Goeddel.
Berean Bible College
Berean Bible College is a Charismatic Christian bible college located within Living Way Church. The college claims educational accreditation through the Accrediting Commission International for Schools, Colleges and Theological Seminaries, an unrecognized accrediting organization based previously in Beebe, Arkansas now based in Sarasota, Florida. The college is also recognized by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVIS) to issue I-20 foreign student visas. The college awards associate's degrees, diplomas, and bachelor's degrees. The current president of the college is Rev. Douglas Balcombe and its current dean is Rev. Bobby San-Miguel.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Poway had a population of 47,811. The population density was 1,220.7 people per square mile (471.3/km²). The racial makeup of Poway was 36,781 (76.9%) White, 783 (1.6%) African American, 265 (0.6%) Native American, 4,853 (10.2%) Asian, 106 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 2,944 (6.2%) from other races, and 2,079 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race numbered 7,508 (15.7%).
The Census reported that 47,261 people (98.8% of the population) lived in households, 284 (0.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 266 (0.6%) were institutionalized.
There were 16,128 households, out of which 6,493 (40.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,523 (65.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,675 (10.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 742 (4.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 580 (3.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 111 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,469 households (15.3%) were made up of individuals and 1,185 (7.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93. There were 12,940 families (80.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.23.
The population was spread out with 11,948 people (25.0%) under the age of 18, 3,912 people (8.2%) aged 18 to 24, 10,496 people (22.0%) aged 25 to 44, 15,555 people (32.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,900 people (12.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.
There were 16,715 housing units at an average density of 426.8 per square mile (164.8/km²), of which 12,000 (74.4%) were owner-occupied, and 4,128 (25.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.5%. 35,111 people (73.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 12,150 people (25.4%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the census of 2000, there were 48,044 people, 15,467 households, and 12,868 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,224.8 inhabitants per square mile (473.0/km²). There were 15,714 housing units at an average density of 400.6 per square mile (154.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.85% White, 7.46% Asian, 1.67% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.28% Pacific Islander, 3.27% from other races, and 3.99% from two or more races. Across all races 10.35% are Hispanic or Latino.
There were 15,467 households out of which 47.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.8% were married couples living together, 10.5% have an unmarried female householder, and 16.8% were non-families. 12.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 people and the average family size was 3.35 people.
In the city, the population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.
The median income for a household in Poway is $92,083, and the median income for a family was $103,972, making it the 25th most expensive zip code in the United States (as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $53,322 versus $52,742 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,788. About 3.1% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.
According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Poway in 2005 was $96,474 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $78,340.
Poway incorporated as a general law city in December 1980. Like most California cities, it uses a council/manager form of government. City policies are set by a five-member city council which includes a directly-elected mayor. The mayor and councilmembers are elected at-large to overlapping four-year terms. Council appoints the deputy mayor, the city attorney, and the city manager.
State and federal representation
In the United States House of Representatives, Poway is in California's 52nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI (partisan voting index) of D+2 and is represented by Democrat Scott Peters.
According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||General Atomics Aeronautical Systems||4,500|
|3||Poway Unified School District||1,285|
|6||Sysco San Diego||475|
Parks and reserves
- Aubrey Park
- Blue Sky Ecological Reserve
- Old Poway Park (home to Poway-Midland Railroad  and Poway Historical and Memorial Society)
- Starridge Park
- Poway Community Park
- Lake Poway
- Interpretive Center at Pauwai
- Sycamore Canyon Preserve and Goodan Ranch
- City of Poway Trails
- Bruce Bochy, former Major League Baseball catcher, former Padres manager, and current San Francisco Giants manager
- Fletcher Bowron, mayor of Los Angeles 1938–53
- Tom Brunansky, former Major League Baseball outfielder
- Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. naval officer, commanding officer of USS Pueblo (AGER-2)
- Jeromy Burnitz, former Major League Baseball outfielder
- Brandon Call, actor, Step By Step, Baywatch
- Luis Castillo, former defensive end for the San Diego Chargers
- Tom DeLonge, guitarist/singer of the rock band Blink-182, also known for Box Car Racer and Angels & Airwaves
- Lauren Elaine, celebrity fashion designer, actress, and model, known for her movie roles and appearances in Dierks Bentley's music videos
- Jeremy Fry, professional stuntman
- Antonio Gates, tight end for the San Diego Chargers
- David Goeddel, biotechnology pioneer and acclaimed scientist
- Tony Gwynn, member of Baseball Hall of Fame, retired San Diego Padres star, and former manager of SDSU Aztecs baseball team
- Christy Hemme, former WWE Diva and current TNA Knockout
- Charley Hoffman, PGA Tour professional golfer
- Mark Hoppus, bassist/singer of the rock band Blink-182, also a member of +44
- David Justice, former Major League baseball outfielder
- Anurag Kashyap, winner of the 2005 Scripps National Spelling Bee and 2008 Teen Jeopardy Tournament
- David Kennedy, guitarist of Box Car Racer, Angels & Airwaves
- Lorenzo Lamas, actor
- Bobby Lee, actor, stand-up comedian
- Shawne Merriman, former outside linebacker for the San Diego Chargers and Buffalo Bills
- Trevor Moran, singer and YouTube personality
- Phil Nevin, former Major League Baseball player
- Shaun Phillips, National Football League outside linebacker
- Scott Raynor, original drummer of the rock band Blink-182
- Dave Rickards, radio host, Dave, Shelly, and Chainsaw Radio Show, KFMB-FM
- Mark Risley, Emmy-winning director
- Scott Simpson, former PGA golfer and 1987 U.S. Open Champion
- Jeff Smith, American player of gridiron football
- Michael Stelzner, founder and CEO of Social Media Examiner
- Jesse Taylor, MMA fighter
- LaDainian Tomlinson, former running back for the San Diego Chargers and the New York Jets
- Unwritten Law, punk rock band
- Steve Vaus (aka Buck Howdy), four-time Grammy Award nominee, 2010 Grammy winner; elected Mayor of Poway in 2014
- Matt Wilhelm, former National Football League middle linebacker
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Council". Poway, CA. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
- "Official Website". Poway, CA. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "Poway". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- "Poway (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
- "Poway (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2016.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Poway city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Ted Couro and Christina Hutcheson (1973). "Dictionary of Mesa Grande Diegueño". Malki Museum Press, Morongo Indian Reservation, Banning, California
- "Poway History | Poway, CA - Official Website". poway.org. Retrieved 2016-10-28.
- Herbert Howe Bancroft, The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft; Volume 20: History of California, Volume 3, 1825–1840, History Company, San Francisco, 1886, p.612, note 7
- William Ellsworth Smythe, San Diego and Imperial counties, California: a record of settlement, organization, progress and achievement, Volume 1, The S.J. Clarke Publishing Company, Chicago, 1913, p.401
- http://web.archive.org/web/20060622233327/http://www.dof.ca.gov/HTML/DEMOGRAP/e-1press.pdf estimate
- United Church of Christ
- St. Michael's
- St. Gabriel's
- Sorensen, Emily (September 4, 2013). "Poway Unified sees mixed results with latest test scores". Pomerado News. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
- "Poway historic weather averages". Intellicast. Retrieved February 19, 2010.
- "Berean Bible College's Accreditation". bereanbiblecollege.net. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- About Berean Bible College
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Census 2000 Demographic Profile: Poway, CA
- Poway, California US Census Bureau Retrieved February 19, 2010.
- "City Council". Poway, CA. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- "Poway History". Poway, CA. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
- "Partisan Voting Index: Districts of the 113th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
- "California's 52nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- City of Poway CAFR
- Blue Sky Ecological Reserve
- Old Poway Park
- Poway-Midland Railroad
- Poway Community Park
- Lake Poway
- Kumeyaay-Ipai Interpretive Center at Pauwai
- Sycamore Canyon Preserve and Goodan Ranch
- City of Poway Trails
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Poway.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Poway, California.|