Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary

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Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary
Burmese: မိန်းမလှကျွန်း တောရိုင်းတိရစ္ဆာန် ဘေးမဲ့တော
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Saltwater Crocodile 02 (Crocodylus porosus) at Mein-ma-hla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary.jpg
Saltwater crocodile in Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary
Map showing the location of Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary
Map showing the location of Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary
Location in Myanmar
LocationBogale Township, Ayeyarwady Region,  Myanmar
Nearest cityBogale
Coordinates16°1′08.06″N 95°17′55.18″E / 16.0189056°N 95.2986611°E / 16.0189056; 95.2986611Coordinates: 16°1′08.06″N 95°17′55.18″E / 16.0189056°N 95.2986611°E / 16.0189056; 95.2986611
Area500 km2 (190 sq mi)[1]
Established1993
Governing bodyMyanmar Forest Department
Official nameMeinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary
Designated3 January 2017
Reference no.2280[2]

Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in Myanmar with an extent of 500 km2 (190 sq mi) and one of the ASEAN Heritage Parks.[1] Meinmahla Kyun is an island in the Ayeyarwady Delta ranging in elevation from 0 to 30 m (0 to 98 ft) and covered by mangrove forest.[3] It was declared a Ramsar site in 2017.[2]

Biodiversity[edit]

Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary harbours about 40 mangrove species, 53 species of medicinal plants and 11 orchid species, 59 fish species, 35 butterfly species, 26 snake species, 12 shrimp species, 10 crab species,[3] and saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus).[4] A fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) was photographed in February 2016 for the first time in the country.[5]

The sanctuary provides habitat for both resident and migratory birds. Among the 102 species sighted during boat surveys in February 2006 were Oriental white ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus), glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus), bar-tailed godwit (Limosa lapponica), hen harrier (Circus cyaneus), clamorous reed warbler (Acrocephalus stentoreus), Oriental white-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus), greater coucal (Centropus sinensis), red-breasted flycatcher (Ficedula parva), whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) and black-crowned night-heron (Nycticorax nycticorax).[6] Nordmann's greenshank (Tringa guttifer), rufous woodpecker (Micropternus brachyurus), lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), black-headed ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus), great thick-knee (Esacus recurvirostris), Eurasian curlew (Numenius arquata), Asian dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus), brown-winged kingfisher (Pelargopsis amauroptera), great knot (Calidris tenuirostris), red knot (C. canutus), curlew sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea), spoon-billed sandpiper (C. pygmeus) and red-necked stint (C. ruficollis) were observed in December 2016.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b World Database on Protected Areas (2019). "Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary". Protected Planet.
  2. ^ a b "Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b Beffasti, L.; Gallanti, V., eds. (2011). "Mainmahla Kyun". Myanmar Protected Areas: Context, Current Status and Challenges (PDF). Milano, Yangon: Istituto Oikos, Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association. pp. 60–61.
  4. ^ Thorbjarnarson, J.; Platt, S. G.; Khaing, U. S. T. (2000). "A population survey of the estuarine crocodile in the Ayeyarwady Delta, Myanmar". Oryx. 34 (4): 317–324. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3008.2000.00135.x.
  5. ^ Lin, N.; Platt, S. G. (2019). "Recent photographic records of Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus (Bennett, 1833) (Carnivora: Felidae) in the Ayeyarwady Delta of Myanmar". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 11 (7): 13910–13914. doi:10.11609/jott.4795.11.7.13910-13914.
  6. ^ Naing, T. Z. (2006). "Waterbird surveys along coastal Myanmar" (PDF). Indian Birds. 2 (3): 65–70.
  7. ^ Murray-Jones, S.; True, J. D.; Soe Htun; Zöckler, C. (2017). "Bird Survey and Mangrove Habitat Assessment". The Ayeyarwady Myanmar Mawdin Coast Survey and Capacity Building Project. Final Report Phase 1: 2016 (PDF). Myanmar: Fauna & Flora International Myanmar program. pp. 43–56.