The Welsh name signifies the 'shrine of Cynog'. The grade II* listed church, a place of pilgrimage, is dedicated to Saint Cynog, a son of Brychan Brycheiniog. It is situated on the land between the valleys of the Ysgir Fawr and the Ysgir Fach which penetrate northwestwards into the uplands of Mynydd Epynt from the River Usk some miles to the south. The community includes the hamlet of Upper Chapel which lies a couple of miles to the northeast. To the north and west of Merthyr Cynog is the Army's extensive Sennybridge Training Area or 'SENTA'.
In 2013 Merthyr Cynog Community launched a new website.
- "Community population 2011". Retrieved 15 November 2015.
- Ordnance Survey Explorer map sheet no 188 Builth Wells/Llanfair-ym-Muallt
- Hywel Wyn Owen & Richard Morgan 2007, Dictionary of the Place-names of Wales, Gomer Press, Ceredigion
- www.merthyrcynog.org merthyrcynog.org, Retrieved 5 April 2016
- "Your History: Mary Elizabeth Phillips" Local Beacon 67(March 2015): 15.
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