Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries

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The largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries are difficult to rank in size because the definition patterns are different from country to country.

By any definition, the metropolitan areas of Copenhagen and Stockholm will rank in top, but it is debatable which one is bigger. For example, Metropolitan Stockholm includes large sparsely populated areas (though most of it is land that because of the topography can not be developed at a reasonable cost), whereas the Stockholm urban area covers only the continuously built-up area. There are various common definitions of Metropolitan Copenhagen: the former Danish Capital Region/Copenhagen metropolitan area (defunct), followed by the smaller Capital Region of Denmark, or the yet smaller Urban area of Copenhagen.

Aarhus and the Triangle Region are both located in east jutland, they are located in both their own metro areas at the same time they are part of the larger Østjyske byregion East Jutland metropolitan area.[1][2][3][4]

Similarly, some other metropolitan areas are not defined by any fixed guidelines but rather by an estimate of economical and commuter ties between one or several cities and the surrounding region. In some cases, towns have coined names for new metropolitan regions for PR purposes.

Contrarily, the largest urban areas in the Nordic countries can be ranked by more general criteria but is however in general seldom used by official authorities in the Nordic countries.

Largest metropolitan areas[edit]

Rank Metropolitan Area Country Main City Population Land Area
(km²)
Density
(inhabitants/km²)
Image
1. Metropolitan Stockholm[5]  Sweden Stockholm 2,205,105[6] 6,526.24[7] 335.94 Kaknästornet utsikt 2009b.jpg
2. Copenhagen Metropolitan Area[8]  Denmark Copenhagen 1,969,941[9] 3,018.70[10] 652.58 Kopenhagen Innenstadt.JPG
3. Greater Oslo Region[11]  Norway Oslo 1,520,817[12] 8,867.67[13] 171.50 Bjorvika mars2013.JPG
4. Helsinki Region[14]  Finland Helsinki 1,402,017[15] 3,697.50[16] 379.18 Suurkirkko Helsinki maaliskuu 2002 IMG 0629.JPG
5. Metropolitan Gothenburg[17]  Sweden Gothenburg 973,261[18] 3,694.86[19] 262.25 Göteborg från Liseberg.jpg
6. Aarhus Metropolitan Area[20]  Denmark Aarhus 851,000 - 1,260,000[21][22][23] 5,727.90 - 9,987[24] 148.05 Your rainbow panorama på taget af ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum.jpg
7. Metropolitan Malmö[25]  Sweden Malmö 685,428[26] 2,521.92[27] 271.79 Malmo view2.jpg
8. Greater Bergen Region[28]  Norway Bergen 402,624[29] 2,651.21[30] 151.86 Bergen-Fløibanen-view.jpg
9. Tampere City Region[31]  Finland Tampere 369,123[32] 4,038.04[33] 91.41 Downtown Tampere1.jpg
10. The Triangle Region[34]  Denmark Vejle
Kolding
Fredericia
Vejen
Middelfart
Billund
356,712 - 1,260,000[35][36] 3,449.10 - 9,987[37] 103.42 Bølgen (The Wave), Vejle, Denmark.jpg
11. Stavanger Region[38]  Norway Stavanger 325,692[39] 2,600.31[40] 125.25 Vaagen-modf.jpg
12. Turku City Region[41]  Finland Turku 320,689[42] 2,561.17[43] 125.21 Turku Car-free zone.jpg
13. Trondheim Region[44]  Norway Trondheim 279,515[45] 6,973.88[46] 40.08 Trondheim - buildings near Nidelva 03.jpg
14. Greater Reykjavík Area[47][48]  Iceland Reykjavík 208,710[49] 1,039.00[50] 200.88 Reykjavík séð úr Hallgrímskirkju 6.JPG
15. Uppsala Municipality  Sweden Uppsala 207,317[51] 2,182.80[52] 94.98 Uppsala Church and city centre.jpg
16. Aalborg Municipality  Denmark Aalborg 205,809[53] 1137,30[54] 180.96 Aalborg 2010 - 125 ubt.JPG
17. Odense Municipality  Denmark Odense 195.797[55] 305,60[56] 640.70 Odense Rathaus und Dom.JPG
18. Oulu Municipality  Finland Oulu 193,902[57] 3,031.00[58] 63.97 Stockman Oulu rotuaari.jpg
19. Linköping Municipality  Sweden Linköping 151,493[59] 1,427.44[60] 106.13 Stora torget, Linköping, juli 2005.jpg
20. Västerås Municipality  Sweden Västerås 143,368[61] 957.89[62] 149.67 Östermälarstand Västerås.jpg
21. Örebro Municipality  Sweden Örebro 142,165[63] 1,373.15[64] 103.53 Allehandaborgen.jpg
22. Kristiansand Region[65]  Norway Kristiansand 139,769[66] 1,864.27[67] 74.97 Kristiansand set fra havnen.jpg
23. Norrköping Municipality  Sweden Norrköping 134,947[68] 1,495.05[69] 90.26 Drottninggatan-Hospitalsgatan, Norrköping april 2005.jpg
24. Jyväskylä Municipality  Finland Jyväskylä 134,082[70] 1,171.00[71] 114.50 Jyvaskyla centrum.jpg
25. Helsingborg Municipality  Sweden Helsingborg 132,989[72] 344,01[73] 391.51 Helsingborg-300px.jpg
26. Jönköping Municipality  Sweden Jönköping 131,847[74] 1,480.36[75] 89.06 Sofiakyrkan, Jönköping Maj 2006.jpg
27. Umeå Municipality  Sweden Umeå 119,273[76] 2,316.61[77] 51.49 Umeå Östra.jpg
28. Esbjerg Municipality  Denmark Esbjerg 115,095[78] 794,50[79] 144.86 Esbjerg square rotated.JPG
29. Borås Municipality  Sweden Borås 106,866[80] 909.80[81] 117.46 Borås stadspark.jpg
30. Kuopio Municipality  Finland Kuopio 106,451[82] 2,309.16[83] 46.16 Kuopio, Finland from Puijo tower.jpg
31. Lahti Municipality  Finland Lahti 103,352[84] 135.05[85] 765.29 Centre of Lahti.JPG
32. Eskilstuna Municipality  Sweden Eskilstuna 100,744[86] 1,250.49[87] 80.56 Eskilstuna flygbild1js-1.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://vejle-kp13.cowi.webhouse.dk/dk/kommuneplan2013/indledning_til_kommuneplan_2013-2025/den_overordnede_struktur_for_trekantomraadet/trekantomraadet_-_en_vaekstdynamo.htm
  2. ^ http://www.businessregionaarhus.dk/da/Om-Business-Region-Aarhus/Tal-om-Business-Region-Aarhus.aspx
  3. ^ http://www.byregionoestjylland.dk/Kommuner.html
  4. ^ http://www.nordiccitynetwork.com/member-cities/aarhus/
  5. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Definition of Metropolitan Areas in Sweden (published in 2005) only available in Swedish
  6. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  7. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  8. ^ Danish Nature Agency - Map of Copenhagen Metropolitan Area and its Municipalities
  9. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  10. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  11. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  12. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  13. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  14. ^ City of Helsinki - Definition of Helsinki Region (published in 2009)
  15. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  16. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  17. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Definition of Metropolitan Areas in Sweden (published in 2005) only available in Swedish
  18. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  19. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  20. ^ Wikipedia - Definition of Aarhus Metropolitan Area (official reference and definition required)
  21. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  22. ^ http://www.businessregionaarhus.dk/da/Om-Business-Region-Aarhus/Tal-om-Business-Region-Aarhus.aspx
  23. ^ http://www.byregionoestjylland.dk/index.html
  24. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  25. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Definition of Metropolitan Areas in Sweden (published in 2005) only available in Swedish
  26. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  27. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  28. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  29. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  30. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  31. ^ Tampere City Region - Official Website and Definition of the Region
  32. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  33. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  34. ^ The Triangle Region - Official Website and Definition of the Region
  35. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  36. ^ http://vejle-kp13.cowi.webhouse.dk/dk/kommuneplan2013/indledning_til_kommuneplan_2013-2025/den_overordnede_struktur_for_trekantomraadet/trekantomraadet_-_en_vaekstdynamo.htm
  37. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  38. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  39. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  40. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  41. ^ Wikipedia - Definition of Turku City Region, or equivalent (official reference and definition required)
  42. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  43. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  44. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  45. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  46. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  47. ^ Google Maps - Geographical Definition of Greater Reykjavík Area
  48. ^ Association of Municipalities in the Capital Area (SSH) - Official Definition of Municipalities included in Greater Reykjavík Area
  49. ^ Statistics Iceland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  50. ^ National Land Survey of Iceland - Official Municipality Land Area on January 1, 2011
  51. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  52. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  53. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  54. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  55. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  56. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  57. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  58. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  59. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  60. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  61. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  62. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  63. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  64. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  65. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  66. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  67. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  68. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  69. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  70. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  71. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  72. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  73. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  74. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  75. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  76. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  77. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  78. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  79. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  80. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  81. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  82. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  83. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  84. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  85. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  86. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014) only available in Swedish
  87. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish

1 The statistics only include matriculated areas covered by the survey, thus most lakes and all seawater is excluded.