Randaberg

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This article is about the municipality in Rogaland, Norway. For the village in this municipality, see Randaberg (village).
Randaberg kommune
Municipality
View of the Grødem area
View of the Grødem area
Coat of arms of Randaberg kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Randaberg kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Randaberg within Rogaland
Randaberg within Rogaland
Coordinates: 59°00′06″N 05°36′55″E / 59.00167°N 5.61528°E / 59.00167; 5.61528Coordinates: 59°00′06″N 05°36′55″E / 59.00167°N 5.61528°E / 59.00167; 5.61528
Country Norway
County Rogaland
District Jæren
Administrative centre Randaberg
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Kristine Enger (Ap)
Area
 • Total 24.71 km2 (9.54 sq mi)
 • Land 24.11 km2 (9.31 sq mi)
 • Water 0.60 km2 (0.23 sq mi)
Area rank 421 in Norway
Population (2016)
 • Total 10,737
 • Rank 108 in Norway
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 15.4% %
Demonym(s) Randabergsbu[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1127
Official language form Neutral
Website www.randaberg.kommune.com
Data from Statistics Norway

Randaberg is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Jæren, at the northern end of the Stavanger Peninsula. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Randaberg.

Randaberg is located just north of the city of Stavanger. It is the northernmost conurbation of the Stavanger/Sandnes area, one of the largest urban areas in the country. The Byfjord Tunnel connects the island municipalities of Rennesøy and Finnøy to the mainland of Randaberg. The proposed Rogfast tunnel is to be built from Randaberg, under the Boknafjorden, to the north side of the fjord as well as the island of Kvitsøy.

General information[edit]

Map of Randaberg and its surroundings
View of the Tungenes Lighthouse in Randaberg
Site of the medieval Randaberg Church

The parish of Randaberg was established on 1 July 1922 when it was separated from the large municipality of Hetland. Initially, there were 1,256 residents of the new municipality.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Randaberg farm (Old Norse: Randaberg), since the first Randaberg Church was built there. The first element is the plural genitive case of rönd which means "edge", "brink", or "verge" and the last element is berg which means "mountain" ; however, the meaning of berg could also be "rock", or "cliff". Before the early 1900s, the area was known as Randeberg.[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 26 June 1981. The arms show fourteen silver/white coins on a blue field. The arms are partly canting since the name is derived from rond which means "edge" and the coins are placed around edge of the shield. The coins symbolize the ball-shaped stones found in large amounts on the beach in Randaberg.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Randaberg. It is part of the Tungenes deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Randaberg
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Randaberg Randaberg Church Randaberg 1845
Grødem Church Grødem 2000

Economy[edit]

Randaberg is still an active agricultural community, and produces over 80% of Norway's parsley. About 3/5 of the land is arable, and about 2% of the inhabitants are engaged in agriculture. Dairy production, chickens, and pigs are important industries. Only Klepp municipality surpasses Randaberg and has more agricultural production in Rogaland county. The first potatoes every year are grown here in Randaberg and are given to the Royal Family of Norway. However, due to its close proximity to the large city of Stavanger, the area is becoming more urban. There are three main suburbs of Stavanger where most of Randaberg's residents live: Randaberg sentrum (310 houses), Viste/Goa (315 houses), and Grødem (135 houses).

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 2,116 —    
1961 2,884 +36.3%
1971 4,709 +63.3%
1981 6,170 +31.0%
1991 7,681 +24.5%
2001 8,762 +14.1%
2011 10,061 +14.8%
2016 10,737 +6.7%
Source: Statistics Norway.[5]

Some of the first inhabitants of Norway settled here, and it is believed that the first people came here around 12,000 years ago. It is thought that Svarthola (local name: Vistehålå) was the main shelter for a group of 25 persons, from around 6000 BC. These people were mainly gatherers and hunters, but from around 4000 BC they also started farming. From around 2000 BC, their main activity was farming.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Randaberg, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Randaberg is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Randaberg Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 8
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 3
  Conservative Party Høgre 7
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 4
  Green Party Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne 1
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 3
  Liberal Party Venstre 1
Total number of members: 27

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Randaberg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
0.9
(33.6)
2.7
(36.9)
5.4
(41.7)
9.7
(49.5)
12.7
(54.9)
14.1
(57.4)
14.4
(57.9)
11.7
(53.1)
8.9
(48)
4.9
(40.8)
2.5
(36.5)
7.4
(45.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 93
(3.66)
67
(2.64)
80
(3.15)
53
(2.09)
67
(2.64)
75
(2.95)
90
(3.54)
113
(4.45)
154
(6.06)
149
(5.87)
139
(5.47)
115
(4.53)
1,195
(47.05)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[7]

Attractions[edit]

Sandestraen

During the summer the beaches here are very popular, and among the finest in the area around Stavanger. This includes Sandestraen and Vistestraen. Hålandsvannet, a small lake, is also a popular place for swimming.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 206. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-05-10. 
  5. ^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
  6. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  7. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Randaberg at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of Randaberg at Wiktionary
  • Rogaland travel guide from Wikivoyage