Michael Gallagher (bishop)

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For other people named Michael Gallagher, see Michael Gallagher (disambiguation).
His Excellency, The Most Reverend
Michael James Gallagher
Bishop of Detroit
See Detroit
In office November 18, 1918 - January 20, 1937
Predecessor John Samuel Foley
Successor Edward Aloysius Mooney
Orders
Ordination March 19, 1893
by Henry Ricther
Consecration September 8, 1915
by Henry Ricther
Personal details
Born November 18, 1866
Auburn, Michigan
Died January 20, 1937 (age 70)
Detroit, Michigan
Nationality American
Denomination Catholic Church

Michael James Gallagher (November 16, 1866 in Auburn, Michigan – January 20, 1937) was the Roman Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Detroit from 1918 to 1937.

Styles of
Michael James Gallagher
Mitre (plain).svg
Reference style The Most Reverend
Spoken style Your Excellency
Religious style Bishop
Posthumous style not applicable

Career[edit]

Gallagher was ordained a priest for the diocese of Grand Rapids, Michigan on March 19, 1893. On July 5, 1915, he was appointed titular archbishop of Tipasa. On December 26, 1916, he was appointed bishop of Grand Rapids. On July 18, 1918, Gallagher was appointed bishop of Detroit, where he served until his death in 1937.[1]

In 1926, Gallagher appointed Charles Coughlin as parish priest in Royal Oak. Coughlin's popular radio broadcasts raised funds for the building of National Shrine of the Little Flower in the parish, but his increasingly political and antisemitic content grew controversial. Although the Vatican, the Nunico, and the Archbishop of Cincinnati all wanted Coughlin silenced, they recognized that only Gallagher, as Coughlin's ordinary, had the canonical authority to do so, which he declined to exercise.[2]

Residence[edit]

The Fisher Brothers of the firm Fisher Body in Detroit commissioned the Boston firm of McGinnis and Walsh, specialists in ecclesiastical architecture, to design a residence for Bishop Gallagher.[3][4] The 39,000-square-foot (3,600 m2) home, paid for by the Fishers, is the largest within the city of Detroit.[3]

Bishop Gallagher residence in Detroit's Palmer Woods Historic District.

The two-story brick residence, a large central structure flanked by diagonal wings.[3] Religious themes are included throughout the house, both on the exterior and the interior.[3] On the exterior, medallions, shields and crests are set into the brickwork, and a copper statue of the archangel St. Michael defeating Satan is prominent.[3] The interior is finished with oak, stone and masonry. The house had, at one time, the largest collection of Pewabic glazed pottery tile in Michigan.[3]

Gallagher lived in this home until his death in 1937; subsequent archbishops of Detroit Edward Mooney and John Francis Dearden also lived in the home.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bishop Michael James Gallagher". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015. [self-published source]
  2. ^ Boyea, Earl (1995). "The Reverend Charles Coughlin and the Church: the Gallagher Years, 1930-1937". Catholic Historical Review. 81 (2): 211–225. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Bishop's Residence from Detroit1701.org
  4. ^ McDonald, Maureen (November 28, 2006).Visit with a Giant. Model D Media. Retrieved on December 23, 2008.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Henry Richter
Bishop of Grand Rapids
1916–1918
Succeeded by
Edward D. Kelly
Preceded by
John Samuel Foley
Bishop of Detroit
1918–1937
Succeeded by
Edward Mooney