St. Pancras Renaissance London Hotel
|St. Pancras Renaissance London Hotel|
St Pancras Renaissance London Hotel
|Location||Euston Road, London, England|
|Owner||Manhattan Loft Corporation|
|Height||82m (269ft) |
|Design and construction|
|Architect||George Gilbert Scott|
|Developer||Manhattan Loft Corporation|
|Number of rooms||207|
|Number of suites||38|
|Number of restaurants||2|
The St. Pancras Renaissance London Hotel is a hotel in London, England, forming the frontispiece of St Pancras railway station. It opened in 2011, and occupies much of the former Midland Grand Hotel designed by George Gilbert Scott which opened in 1873 and closed in 1935. The building as a whole including the apartments is known as St Pancras Chambers and between 1935 and the 1980s was used as railway offices. Its clock tower stands at 82m tall, with more than half its height usable.
The upper levels of the original building were redeveloped between 2005 and 2011 as apartments by the Manhattan Loft Corporation.
The Midland Grand Hotel
In 1865 the Midland Railway Company held a competition for the design of a 150-bed hotel to be constructed next to its railway station, St Pancras, which was still under construction at the time. Eleven designs were submitted, including one by George Gilbert Scott, which, at 300 rooms, was much bigger and more expensive than the original specifications. Despite this, the company liked his plans and construction began. Scott's design was for a hotel with five floors below roof level but in the event it was built with four (which remains the case today) to save on construction costs – although the Midland Railway frequently reproduced Scott's original impression, showing the hotel with its non-existent top floor, in its publicity material.
The east wing opened on 5 May 1873, with the Midland Railway appointing Herr Etzensberger (formerly of the Victoria Hotel, Venice) as general manager. The hotel was completed in spring 1876. The hotel was expensive, with costly fixtures including a grand staircase, rooms with gold leaf walls and a fireplace in every room. It had many innovative features such as hydraulic lifts, concrete floors, revolving doors and fireproof floor constructions, though none of the rooms had bathrooms, as was the convention of the time. The hotel was taken over by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway in 1922 before closing in 1935, by which time its utilities were outdated and too costly to maintain, such as the armies of servants needed to carry chamber pots, tubs, bowls and spittoons.
Rail use and preservation
After closing as a hotel, the building was renamed St Pancras Chambers and used as railway offices, latterly for British Rail. British Rail had hoped to demolish it, but was thwarted in a high-profile campaign by Jane Hughes Fawcett and her colleagues at the Victorian Society, a historic preservationist organisation founded in part to preserve the Victorian railways and other buildings. Officials dubbed Jane Fawcett the "furious Mrs Fawcett" for her unceasing efforts, and in 1967, the Hotel and the St Pancras station received Grade I listed status.
The building continued its use as rail offices, until the 1980s when it failed fire safety regulations and was shut down. The exterior was restored and made structurally sound at a cost of around £10 million in the 1990s.
Reopening as hotel and apartments
Planning permission was granted in 2004 for the building to be redeveloped into a new hotel. The main public rooms of the old Midland Grand were restored, along with some of the bedrooms. The former driveway for taxis entering St. Pancras station, passing under the main tower of the building, was converted into the hotel's lobby. In order to cater for the more modern expectations of guests, a new bedroom wing was constructed on the western side of the Barlow train shed. As redeveloped the hotel contains 244 bedrooms, two restaurants, two bars, a health and leisure centre, a ballroom, and 20 meeting and function rooms. The architects for the redevelopment were Aedas RHWL.
At the same time, the upper floors of the original building were redeveloped as 68 apartments by the Manhattan Loft Corporation.
The 1988 Douglas Adams novel The Long Dark Tea-Time of the Soul uses the derelict Midland Grand as the real world alternate to the Norse Gods' Valhalla. He described it as a "huge, dark Gothic fantasy of a building which stands, empty and desolate… its roof line a vast assortment of wild turrets, gnarled spires and pinnacles which seemed to prod at and goad the night sky".
In Christopher Nolan's 2005 film Batman Begins, the Arkham Asylum stairwell was filmed in the hotel. The staircase was also the setting for Mistlethwaite Manor in the 1993 film production of The Secret Garden. Likewise in 1996, the music video for the Spice Girls' "Wannabe" was filmed in the entrance and main staircase of the building.
- Gerard Peet (2011). "The Origin of the Skyscraper". CTBUH. p. 23. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "St. Pancras Renaissance London Hotel". 15 October 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
Our luxury lifestyle hotel in London boasts 245 guest rooms, including 38 beautifully restored and updated suites.
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- "Before and after: historic buildings restored and transformed". Daily Telegraph.
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- Ian McKellen. "Ian McKellen is Richard III". mckellen.com. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
- Melissa Rhoades (February 13, 2018). "St. Pancras Station Sparks Imaginations". Spokane County Library District. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
- Sinclair, David (2004). Wannabe: How the Spice Girls Reinvented Pop Fame. Omnibus Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-7119-8643-6.
- Paul Griffiths (April 1, 2003). "Peril in St.Pancras 2003 :: Grand Midland Hotel". A Tribute to Most Haunted. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St Pancras Renaissance London Hotel and St Pancras Chambers.|
- Official site of the St. Pancras Renaissance London Hotel
- Official site of the St Pancras Chambers by Manhattan Loft Corporation
- Photos of the hotel before the revamp on Urban75