Mikhail Artemyevich Muravyov
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|Mikhail Artemyevich Muravyov|
September 25, 1880|
Burdukovo, Kostroma Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||July 11, 1918
Simbirsk, Russian SFSR
|Allegiance||Russian Empire, Russian SFSR|
|Service/branch||Tsar's Army, Red Army|
|Years of service||1904–1918|
|Commands held||company of 122nd Tambov Infantry Regiment
Petrograd Military District
Armed forces against Kerensky
Chief of Staff for Antonov-Ovseyenko
Group of forces onto Kiev
Armed forces of Odessa
Red Army East Front
Simbirsk separatist forces
World War I
Russian Civil War
He was born in a village of Burdukovo, near Vetluga Kostroma Governorate to a peasant family. In 1898 he entered the army, serving in the Russo-Japanese War and World War I, in which he was a lieutenant colonel on the Southwestern Front.
After the February Revolution he organized volunteer units to continue the war, but he became disaffected from the Provisional Government and joined the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries. During the October Revolution he defended Petrograd against the forces of Alexander Kerensky.
In January 1918 he led Red Guard units against the Central Rada of Ukraine and after the Battle of Kruty his forces took Kiev where they performed mass terror against the offices of the imperial army and pro-Ukrainian elements. Then his forces fought against the Don Cossack forces of General Kaledin.
However, after he had been named commander of the eastern front, fighting the Czechoslovak Legion, he heard of the Left SR uprising against the Bolsheviks in early July and rebelled, sailing down the Volga with a thousand men, hoping to take Simbirsk (Muravyov revolt). He was captured by the Bolsheviks, resisted arrest, and was shot while trying to draw a gun.