Anthem: Worker's Marseillaise
Proclaimed territory of the Russian Republic[a]
• 15 March 1917
• 21 July 1917
|Legislature||Council of the Russian Republic|
|Historical era||World War I|
|15 March 1917|
• Republic proclaimed
|14 September 1917|
|7 November 1917|
|ISO 3166 code||RU|
Part of a series on the
|History of Russia|
The Russian Republic (Russian: Российская республика, tr. Rossiyskaya respublika, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə rʲɪsˈpublʲɪkə]) was a short-lived state which controlled, de jure, the territory of the former Russian Empire after its proclamation by the Russian Provisional Government on 1 September (14 September, N.S.) in a decree signed by Alexander Kerensky as Minister-President and Alexander Zarudny as Minister of Justice.
Less than six weeks later, the Republic was overtaken by the October Revolution beginning on 25 October 1917 (7 November, N.S.) and the establishment of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR).
Officially, the Republic's government was the Provisional Government, although de facto control of the country and its armed forces was divided between the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet.
The term Russian Republic is sometimes used erroneously for the period between the abdication of the Emperor Nicholas II on 2 March 1917 (15 March, N.S) and the declaration of the Republic in September. However, during that period the future status of the monarchy remained to be resolved.
- State Duma of the Russian Empire
- Council of the Russian Republic
- Congress of Soviets
- Russian Provisional Government
- Directorate (Russia)
- Russian Empire
- Russian Civil War
- Russian Democratic Federative Republic
- Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
- Soviet Union
- Petrograd Soviet
- World War I
- The Russian Republic proclaimed. Presidential Library
- Browder, R. P., Kerensky, A. F. The Russian Provisional Government, 1917: Documents. "Stanford University Press". Stanford, 1961. ISBN 9780804700238