Milan Triennial

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The Milan Triennial (Triennale di Milano) is an art and design exhibition that takes place every three years at the Triennale di Milano Museum in Milan, Italy.

History[edit]

The exhibition was originally established in 1923 as a biennial architecture and industrial design event. The first five editions took place in Monza. In 1933 the exhibition was relocated to Milan and the format was changed to a triennial basis. The designated venue was the new Palazzo dell’Arte designed by architect Giovanni Muzio, featuring Gio Ponti's Torre Branca.[1]

The Triennial was recognised by the Bureau of International Expositions (BIE) from 1933 until 1996.[2]

With Ponti and artist Mario Sironi at the helm, the 5th Triennale expanded its field to visual art, with mural paintings made by artists such as Giorgio De Chirico, Massimo Campigli and Carlo Carrà.[2]

Other artists who exhibited their work at the Triennial over the years include Lucio Fontana, Enrico Baj, Arturo Martini, Gio Pomodoro, Alberto Burri, Mario Merz, Giulio Paolini and Michelangelo Pistoletto.[3]

The Triennial was discontinued three times in 1940, 1973 and 1996.[citation needed]

List of triennials[edit]

BIE? Triennial Notes Open Close
X mark.gif Monza Biennial International Exhibition of Decorative Arts[4] 1923[4] 1923[4]
X mark.gif Monza Biennial II International Exhibition of Decorative Arts[4] 1925 [4]
X mark.gif Monza Biennial III International Exhibition of Decorative Arts[4]
The twentieth century and Neoclassicism in decoration and furnishing[citation needed]
31 May 1927 16 October 1927
X mark.gif Monza Biennial IV International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Art[4]
Held in Monza.[5] Included several works by Gio Ponti.[5]
1930[4] 1930 [4]
Yes check.svg[6] Milan Triennial V Style - Civilisation 10 May 1933 31 October 1933
Yes check.svg[6] Milan Triennial VI Continuity – Modernity 31 May 1936 1 November 1936
Yes check.svg[7] Milan Triennial VII Order - Tradition[7] 6 April 1940[7] 9 June 1940[7]
Yes check.svg[8] Milan Triennial VIII The House[8]
Included an urban planning project that led to the QT8 area named after this the 8th triennial.[citation needed]
31 May 1947 [8] 14 September 1947[8]
Yes check.svg[9] Milan Triennial IX Goods - Standards[9]
Gold medal winners included the Danish textile artist Helga Foght.[10]
12 May 1951[9] 5 November 1951[9]
Yes check.svg[11] Milan Triennial X Prefabrication - Industrial Design[11]
Led to the creation of the building now used as the Bar Bianco [it][12]
28 August 1954[11] 15 November 1954[11]
Yes check.svg[13] Milan Triennial XI Improving the Quality of Expression in Today’s Civilisation[13] 27 July 1957[13] 4 November 1957 [13]
Yes check.svg[14] Milan Triennial XII Home and school[14] 16 July 1960[14] 4 November 1960[14]
Yes check.svg[15] Milan Triennial XIII Leisure[15] 12 June 1964[15] 27 September 1964[15]
Yes check.svg[16] Milan Triennial XIV The Large Number[16] 23 June 1968[16] 28 July 1968[16]
Yes check.svg[6] Milan Triennial XV[1] Architettura Razionale, major section curated by Aldo Rossi 1973[6]
Milan Triennial XVI The Domestic Project[17] Directed by Mario Bellini and the historian Georges Teyssot. Included notable projects like La Casa Palestra by OMA, The Mobile Home and the Nomadic Condition by John Hejduk, and The Collector's Room by Massimo Scolari 1986
Yes check.svg[18] Milan Triennial XVII World Cities and the Future of the Metropolis[18] 21 September 1988 [18] 18 December 1988[18]
Yes check.svg[6] Milan Triennial XVIII Life in Things and Nature: Design and the Environmental Challenge[4] 1992[4] 1992[4]
Yes check.svg[19] Milan Triennial XIX Identities and differences[19] 22 February 1996[19] 5 May 1996[19]
Yes check.svg[20] Triennial 2016 21st century. Design after Design[20] 2 April 2016[20] 12 September 2016[20]
Yes check.svg[21] Triennial 2019 Broken Nature: Design Takes on Human Survival[22] 1 March 2019 1 July 2019[22]
Yes check.svg[23] XXIII Triennale di Milano Unknown Unknowns. What we don’t know we don’t know.[24] 20 May 2022[24] 2November 20, 2022[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Triennale di Milano - History and mission". Retrieved 7 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "The History of LaTriennale di Milano". Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "The experience". Retrieved 22 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "The international Exhibitions of the Triennale di Milano". Retrieved 13 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b "1930 - Giò Ponti". Retrieved 23 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ a b c d e "BIE". Retrieved 22 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[dead link]
  7. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 1940". Retrieved 12 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 1947". Retrieved 12 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 1951". Retrieved 12 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Helga Foght | Gyldendal - Den Store Danske". Retrieved 10 August 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 1954". Retrieved 12 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "La Triennale di Milano - Palazzo dell'arte". Retrieved 22 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 1957". Retrieved 12 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 1960". Retrieved 12 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 1964". Retrieved 11 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 1968". Retrieved 12 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ "IN MILAN, A LOOK AT HOW WE LIVE - The New York Times".
  18. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 1988". Retrieved 12 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. ^ a b c d "La Triennale di Milano 1996". Retrieved 12 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  20. ^ a b c d "Triennale di Milano 2016". Retrieved 17 December 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  21. ^ "Triennale di Milano 2019". Retrieved 23 February 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  22. ^ a b "Triennale di Milano sets the tone for 2019 edition". Archived from the original on 8 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  23. ^ "Symposium: Towards the XXIII Triennale di Milano". Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  24. ^ a b c "BIE General Assembly recognises XXIII Triennale di Milano".

External links[edit]