Mass in D major, K. 194
The Missa brevis No. 4 in D major, K. 194/186h, is a mass composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and completed on 8 August 1774. It is scored for SATB soloists, SATB choir, violin I and II, 3 trombones colla parte, and basso continuo.
This missa brevis is thought to have been composed for ordinary liturgical use in the Salzburg Cathedral, under the directive of Archbishop Colloredo. Mozart tried to satisfy Colloredo's demands for brevity and concision in the composition of this mass – none of the movements have an orchestral prelude, the orchestra itself is highly reduced, there is very little fugal writing, and much of the setting is homophonic. In 1793, the Lotter house published the mass posthumously; it was the first of Mozart's works to appear in print.
The mass consists of six movements. Performances require approximately 15 minutes.
- "Kyrie" Andante, D major, common time
- "Gloria" Allegro moderato, D major, common time
- "Credo" Allegro, D major, 3/4
- "Et incarnatus est..." Andante moderato, D major, common time
- "Et resurrexit..." Allegro, D major, 3/4
- "Sanctus" Andante, D major, common time
- "Pleni sunt coeli et terra..." Allegro, D major, 3/4
- "Benedictus" Andante ma non troppo, G major, common time
- "Hosanna in excelsis..." Allegro, D major, 3/4
- "Agnus Dei" Andante, D major, 3/4
- "Dona nobis pacem..." Allegro, D major, common time