List of heads of state of Malta

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This is a list of the heads of state of Malta, from the independence of Malta in 1964 to the present day.

From 1964 to 1974 the head of state under the Malta Independence Act 1964 was the Queen of Malta, Elizabeth II, who was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in Malta by a Governor-General. Malta became a republic under the Constitution of 1974 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.

Monarch (1964–1974)[edit]

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

Portrait Reign Royal House Prime Minister(s)
Reign start Reign end
1 Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Portrait Herbert James Gunn.jpg 21 September 1964 13 December 1974 Windsor Borġ Olivier


The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in Malta and exercised most of the powers of the Monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Malta without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Portrait Tenure Monarch Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
1 Sir Maurice Dorman
21 September 1964 22 June 1971 Elizabeth II Borġ Olivier
2 Sir Anthony Mamo
Sir Anthony Mamo.jpg 22 June 1971 5 July 1971 Elizabeth II Mintoff
5 July 1971 13 December 1974

President of Malta[edit]

Under the Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of Malta, the President replaced the Monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by Parliament for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the President is temporarily vacant, and until a new President is appointed, and whenever the holder of the office is absent from Malta or on vacation or is for any reason unable to perform the functions conferred upon him by this Constitution, those functions shall be performed by such person as the Prime Minister, after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition, may appoint or, if there is no person in Malta so appointed and able to perform those functions, by the Chief Justice, served as Acting President.

Nine people have served as President of Malta since the office was established in 1974, when the State of Malta (Maltese: Stat ta’ Malta) became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations. Queen Elizabeth II ceased to be head of state, Queen of Malta (Maltese: Reġina ta' Malta), and the last Governor-General, Sir Anthony Mamo, was appointed the first President of Malta.

  Denotes Acting President
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation
(at time of appointment)
Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
1 Sir Anthony Mamo
Sir Anthony Mamo.jpg 13 December 1974 27 December 1976 Independent Mintoff
2 Anton Buttigieg
Dr. Anton Buttigieg.jpg 27 December 1976 27 December 1981 Labour Party Mintoff
Albert Hyzler
Dr. Albert V. Hyzler.jpg 27 December 1981 15 February 1982 Labour Party Mintoff
3 Agatha Barbara
Ms Agatha Barbara.jpg 15 February 1982 15 February 1987 Labour Party Mintoff
Mifsud Bonnici
Paul Xuereb
Mr Paul Xuereb.jpg 15 February 1987 4 April 1989 Labour Party Mifsud Bonnici
Fenech Adami
4 Ċensu Tabone
Dr. Censu Tabone.jpg 4 April 1989 4 April 1994 Nationalist Party Fenech Adami
5 Ugo Mifsud Bonnici
Dr Ugo Mifsud Bonnici.jpg 4 April 1994 4 April 1999 Nationalist Party Fenech Adami
Fenech Adami
6 Guido de Marco
Guido de Marco 2003 crop.jpg 4 April 1999 4 April 2004 Nationalist Party Fenech Adami
7 Eddie Fenech Adami
Edward Fenech Adami.jpg 4 April 2004 4 April 2009 Nationalist Party Gonzi
8 George Abela
Photo-president-malta-abela.JPG 4 April 2009 4 April 2014 2009 Labour Party Gonzi
9 Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca
Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca.jpg 4 April 2014 2014 Labour Party Muscat


Living former heads of state[edit]

There are four living former Maltese Heads of State:

Image Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg Elizabeth II 1964–1974 Queen of Malta (1926-04-21) 21 April 1926 (age 91)
Dr Ugo Mifsud Bonnici.jpg Ugo Mifsud Bonnici 1994–1999 President of Malta (1932-11-08) 8 November 1932 (age 84)
Edward Fenech Adami.jpg Eddie Fenech Adami 2004–2009 President of Malta (1934-02-07) 7 February 1934 (age 83)
Photo-president-malta-abela.JPG George Abela 2009–2014 President of Malta (1948-04-22) 22 April 1948 (age 69)

External links[edit]