List of heads of state of Malta
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This is a list of the heads of state of Malta, from the independence of Malta in 1964 to the present day.
From 1964 to 1974 the head of state under the Malta Independence Act 1964 was the Queen of Malta, Elizabeth II, who was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in Malta by a Governor-General. Malta became a republic under the Constitution of 1974 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.
The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.
|Portrait||Reign||Royal House||Prime Minister(s)|
|Reign start||Reign end|
|1||Queen Elizabeth II
|21 September 1964||13 December 1974||Windsor||Borġ Olivier
The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in Malta and exercised most of the powers of the Monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Malta without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.
|Took office||Left office|
|1||Sir Maurice Dorman
|21 September 1964||22 June 1971||Elizabeth II||Borġ Olivier
|2||Sir Anthony Mamo
|22 June 1971||5 July 1971||Elizabeth II||Mintoff|
|5 July 1971||13 December 1974|
President of Malta
Under the Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of Malta, the President replaced the Monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by Parliament for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the President is temporarily vacant, and until a new President is appointed, and whenever the holder of the office is absent from Malta or on vacation or is for any reason unable to perform the functions conferred upon him by this Constitution, those functions shall be performed by such person as the Prime Minister, after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition, may appoint or, if there is no person in Malta so appointed and able to perform those functions, by the Chief Justice, served as Acting President.
Nine people have served as President of Malta since the office was established in 1974, when the State of Malta (Maltese: Stat ta’ Malta) became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations. Queen Elizabeth II ceased to be head of state, Queen of Malta (Maltese: Reġina ta' Malta), and the last Governor-General, Sir Anthony Mamo, was appointed the first President of Malta.
(at time of appointment)
|Took office||Left office|
|1||Sir Anthony Mamo
|13 December 1974||27 December 1976||–||Independent||Mintoff|
|27 December 1976||27 December 1981||–||Labour Party||Mintoff|
|27 December 1981||15 February 1982||–||Labour Party||Mintoff|
|15 February 1982||15 February 1987||–||Labour Party||Mintoff
|15 February 1987||4 April 1989||–||Labour Party||Mifsud Bonnici
|4 April 1989||4 April 1994||–||Nationalist Party||Fenech Adami|
|5||Ugo Mifsud Bonnici
|4 April 1994||4 April 1999||–||Nationalist Party||Fenech Adami
|6||Guido de Marco
|4 April 1999||4 April 2004||–||Nationalist Party||Fenech Adami
|7||Eddie Fenech Adami
|4 April 2004||4 April 2009||–||Nationalist Party||Gonzi|
|4 April 2009||4 April 2014||2009||Labour Party||Gonzi
|9||Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca
|4 April 2014||2014||Labour Party||Muscat|
Living former heads of state
There are four living former Maltese Heads of State:
|Image||Name||Term/Reign||Office||Date of birth|
|Elizabeth II||1964–1974||Queen of Malta||21 April 1926|
|Ugo Mifsud Bonnici||1994–1999||President of Malta||8 November 1932|
|Eddie Fenech Adami||2004–2009||President of Malta||7 February 1934|
|George Abela||2009–2014||President of Malta||22 April 1948|