Energy in Malta

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Wind turbine in Malta

Energy in Malta describes energy production, consumption and import in Malta.

Malta has no domestic resource of fossil fuels and no gas distribution network. Primary energy supply of Malta is exclusively based on oil. Gross consumption has increased by 53% in 1990-2004. In 2008 the renewable energy market was at an early stage in Malta. Only solar energy and biofuels were used. The potential for solar and wind is substantial according to the EU.[1] Energy import dependency was 100% in 2004.[2]

Overview[edit]

Energy in Malta[3]
Capita Prim. energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2012 0.42 10.0 0.6 25.1 1.95 2.47
2012R 0.42 7.8 0.1 23.7 2.00 2.52
2013 0.42 8.5 0.1 24.9 2.01 2.33
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses

2012R = CO2 calculation criteria changed, numbers updated

Electricity[edit]

In 2005 100% of electricity was from oil.[1] Two electricity plants totalling 571 MW are in operation.[4] The Malta–Sicily interconnector, which has been in operation since April 2015, allows for an electricity link between the Maltese Islands and the Italian electricity market.

Transport fuel[edit]

All transport fuel is petroleum, or derived from the same (diesel, etc.)

Renewable energy[edit]

The European Union Directive 2009/28/EC set Malta's target share of renewable energy at 10% by the year 2020.[5] The mandatory 10% target for transport concern also Malta.

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan for Malta is given in July 2010. According to the NREAP Malta's fuel mis in 2020 will be:[4]

  • Renewable transport will be 37 ktoe
  • Wind, 0.3 TWh or 22 ktoe
  • Bio electricity 0.1 TWh or 12 ktoe
  • Wind power 15 MW and 38 GWh onshore wind and 95 MW and 216 GWh offshore wind.
  • Solar photovoltaic 28 MW (43 GWh) and solar thermal 3 ktoe.
  • The renewable electricity from solid biomass 86 GWh (7 ktoe) and biogas 50 GWh (4 ktoe).
  • Renewable heat 0 ktoe for solid biomass and 2 ktoe for biogas.

Wind power[edit]

EU and Malta Wind Energy Capacity (MW)[6][7][8][9]
No Country 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998
- EU-27 105,696 93,957 84,074 74,767 64,712 56,517 48,069 40,511 34,383 28,599 23,159 17,315 12,887 9,678 6,453
27 Malta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Consumption[edit]

Total primary energy consumption was 0.9 Mtoe in 2004 and electricity generation 2.2 TWh.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Malta. Renewable Energy Fact Sheet 23 Jan 2008
  2. ^ a b MALTA – Energy Mix Fact Sheet January 2007
  3. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015, 2014 (2012R as in November 2015 + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013, October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  4. ^ a b EurObserv’ER Database December 2010
  5. ^ measured as share of the gross final consumption of energy
  6. ^ EWEA Staff (2010). "Cumulative installed capacity per EU Member State 1998 - 2009 (MW)". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  7. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2011). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2010" (PDF). European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  8. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2012). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2011" (PDF). European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-02-18. 
  9. ^ Wind in power: 2012 European statistics February 2013