List of heads of state of Malta

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This is a list of the heads of state of Malta, from the foundation of the State of Malta in 1964 to the present day.

From 1964 to 1974 the head of state under the Malta Independence Act 1964 was the Queen of Malta, Elizabeth II, who was also the monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in Malta by a Governor-General. Malta became a republic under the Constitution of 1974 and the monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.

Monarch (1964–1974)[edit]

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

Queen Reign Royal House Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Start End Duration
1 Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG Elizabeth II
21 September 1964 13 December 1974 10 years, 83 days Windsor Borġ Olivier


The Governor-General was the representative of the monarch in Malta and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Malta without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Governor-General Term of office Monarch Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration
1 Sir Maurice Dorman
21 September 1964 4 July 1971 6 years, 286 days Elizabeth II Borġ Olivier
2 Sir Anthony Mamo.jpg Sir Anthony Mamo
4 July 1971 13 December 1974 3 years, 162 days Elizabeth II Mintoff

President of Malta[edit]

Under the Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of Malta, the President replaced the monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by Parliament for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the President of President is temporarily vacant, and until a new President is appointed, and whenever the holder of the office is absent from Malta or on vacation or is for any reason unable to perform the functions conferred upon him by this Constitution, those functions shall be performed by such person as the Prime Minister, after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition, may appoint or, if there is no person in Malta so appointed and able to perform those functions, by the Chief Justice, served as Acting President.

  Denotes Acting President
President Term of office Political party
(at time of election)
Prime Minister(s)
# Portrait Name Took office Left office Duration
1 Sir Anthony Mamo.jpg Sir Anthony Mamo
13 December 1974 27 December 1976 2 years, 14 days Independent Mintoff
2 Dr. Anton Buttigieg.jpg Anton Buttigieg
27 December 1976 27 December 1981 5 years Labour Party Mintoff
Dr. Albert V. Hyzler.jpg Albert Hyzler
27 December 1981 15 February 1982 50 days Labour Party Mintoff
3 Ms Agatha Barbara.jpg Agatha Barbara
15 February 1982 15 February 1987 5 years Labour Party Mintoff
Mifsud Bonnici
Mr Paul Xuereb.jpg Paul Xuereb
15 February 1987 4 April 1989 2 years, 48 days Labour Party Mifsud Bonnici
Fenech Adami
4 Dr. Censu Tabone.jpg Ċensu Tabone
4 April 1989 4 April 1994 5 years Nationalist Party Fenech Adami
5 Dr Ugo Mifsud Bonnici.jpg Ugo Mifsud Bonnici
4 April 1994 4 April 1999 5 years Nationalist Party Fenech Adami
Fenech Adami
6 Guido de Marco 2003 crop.jpg Guido de Marco
4 April 1999 4 April 2004 5 years Nationalist Party Fenech Adami
7 Edward Fenech Adami.jpg Eddie Fenech Adami
4 April 2004 4 April 2009 5 years Nationalist Party Gonzi
8 Photo-president-malta-abela.JPG George Abela
4 April 2009 4 April 2014 5 years Labour Party Gonzi
9 Malta President Marie Louise Coleiro Preca.jpg Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
4 April 2014 Incumbent 2 years, 117 days
(as of 30 July 2016)
Labour Party Muscat


Living former heads of state[edit]

Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II 1964–1974 Queen of Malta 21 April 1926
Ugo Mifsud Bonnici 1994–1999 President of Malta 8 November 1932
Eddie Fenech Adami 2004–2009 President of Malta 7 February 1934
George Abela 2009–2014 President of Malta 22 April 1948

External links[edit]