Montenegrin parliamentary election, 2001

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Montenegrin parliamentary election, 2001
Montenegro
← 1998 22 April 2001 2002 →
Party Leader % Seats ±
ECG Milo Đukanović 42.04 36 -1
ZZP Predrag Bulatović 40.56 33 -1
LSCG Miodrag Živković 7.85 6 +1
DUA Fuad Nimani 1.16 1 +1
DL Mehmet Bardhi 0.98 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Filip Vujanović
DPS
Filip Vujanović
DPS

Parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 22 April 2001. The result was a victory for the Victory is of Montenegro alliance formed by the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro and the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro, which won 36 of the 77 seats.

Electoral system[edit]

Of the 77 seats in Parliament, 72 were elected by proportional representation in a nationwide constituency and five were elected in a special constituency for the Albanian minority. The electoral threshold was set at 3% and seats allocated using the d'Hondt method. Closed lists were used with a single list for both constituencies, although parties only had to awawrd half their seats according to the order of the list, with the remaining half free for them to allocate.

Victory is of Montenegro[edit]

The coalition lost parliamentary majority, winning just 36 of 77 seats (30 for DPS and 6 for SDP). Contrary to everyone's expectation, the now opposing, once former ally, Liberal Alliance supported it to form a minority government under Filip Vujanović. But closer aligning of LSCG with the Together for Yugoslavia bloc distanced it from the minority coalition. The government signed the Belgrade Agreement in 2002, by which the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was transformed into the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and the Republic of Montenegro re-integrated into political structure with its great sister-republic.

Together for Yugoslavia[edit]

The Socialist People's Party of Montenegro received 21 seat, People's Party of Montenegro got 9 and the Serbian People's Party of Montenegro 3. The coalition won these elections and had support of the majority of the Parliament, but inner conflicts and organized obstruction from the opposition under Milo Djukanovic, prevented it from succeeding in forming the government which was supposed to be led by Prime Minister candidate Predrag Bulatović. The deadline passed an Predrag reformed a more organized and stronger coalition determined to repeat the election in 2002, however disappointment returned Milo Đukanović's DPS CG to power which won the election.

Liberal Alliance of Montenegro[edit]

At the election, LSCG received a larger number of votes: 7,85% (almost 28.000 votes), winning 6 seats in the Assembly. Due do the political deadlock, in which no party had won absolute power, LSCG made an agreement with DPS to support the minority government, following a pledge from DPS that within a year a referendum on independence will have been held.However, LSCG still retained the resolute opposition attitude, and withdrew support to the minority government due to the fact that the referendum has not been announced in the promised period.

Results[edit]

Dark Blue: absolute SNP-SNS-NS majority
Light Blue: relative SNP-SNS-NS majority
Red: DPS-SDP absolute majority
Orange: relative DPS-SDP majority
Light Green: Liberal relative majority
e • d Summary of the 2001 Assembly of the Republic of Montenegro election results
List Votes  % Seats +/–
Main Albanian by-elect
Victory is of Montenegro 153,946 42.04 33 +3 −1
Together for Yugoslavia 148,513 40.56 33 −1
Liberal Alliance of Montenegro 28,746 7.85 6 +1
People's Socialist Party of Montenegro 10,702 2.92
Serbian Radical Party 4,275 1.17
Democratic Union of Albanians 4,232 1.16 +1 ±0
Bosniak-Muslim Coalition 4,046 1.11
Democratic Alliance in Montenegro 3,570 0.98 +1 ±0
Communist and Labor parties 1,640 0.45
Party of Democratic Prosperity 1,572 0.43
Party of Foreign Currency Savers 639 0.17
Natural Law Party of Montenegro 512 0.14
Liberal Democratic Party 354 0.1
People's Concord of Montenegro 268 0.07
Party of Savings and Social Security of Citizens 199 0.05
Yugoslav Left in Montenegro 190 0.05
invalid votes 2,748 0.75
Total (turnout 81.79%; +5.75%) 366,152 100 72 +5 −1
Vote share
ECG
  
42.04%
ZZP
  
40.56%
LSCG
  
7.85%
Others
  
9.55%

Seats[edit]

Name Abbrеviation Ideology Leader MPs
Democratic Party of Socialists
Demokratska partija socijalista
Демократска партија социјалиста
DPS Social democracy
Separatism
Milo Đukanović
30 / 77
Socialist People's Party
Socijalistička narodna partija
Социјалистичка народна партија
SNP Social democracy
Unionism
Predrag Bulatović
21 / 77
People's Party
Narodna stranka
Народна странка
NS Conservatism
Unionism
Dragan Šoć
9 / 77
Social Democratic Party
Socijaldemokratska partija
Социјалдемократска партија
SDP Social democracy
Separatism
Ranko Krivokapić
6 / 77
Liberal Alliance of Montenegro
Liberalni savez Crne Gore
Либерални савез Црне Горе
LSCG Liberalism
Separatism
Miodrag Živković
6 / 77
Serb People's Party
Srpska Narodna stranka
Српска Народна странка
SNS Conservatism
Unionism
Serbian nationalism
Božidar Bojović
3 / 77
Democratic League in Montenegro
Demokratski savez u Crnoj Gori
Lidhja Demokratike në Mal të Zi
DS Albanian minority interests Mehmet Bardhi
1 / 77
Democratic Union of Albanians
Demokratska unija Albanaca
Unioni Demokratik i Shqipëtarëve
DUA Albanian minority interests
Social conservatism
Fuad Nimani
1 / 77

References[edit]