David Brydie Mitchell
David Brydie Mitchell
|27th Governor of Georgia|
November 10, 1809 – November 5, 1813
|Preceded by||Jared Irwin|
|Succeeded by||Peter Early|
November 20, 1815 – March 4, 1817
|Preceded by||Peter Early|
|Succeeded by||William Rabun|
|Attorney General of Georgia|
|Preceded by||George Walker|
|Succeeded by||Robert Walker|
|Member of the Georgia Senate|
|Member of the Georgia House of Representatives|
|Born||October 22, 1766|
Muthill, Perthshire, Scotland
|Died||April 22, 1837 (aged 70)|
Milledgeville, Georgia, U.S.
David Brydie Mitchell (October 22, 1766 – April 22, 1837) was an American politician in Georgia who was elected in 1809 as governor of the state, serving two terms. He was elected again in 1815 for one term.
Mitchell moved to Georgia at the age of 24. He had earlier been elected as mayor of Savannah and was appointed as state attorney general. He also served three terms in the Georgia General Assembly, two in the House of Representatives, and one in the Senate.
Mitchell resigned from the governorship in 1817 to accept an appointment by President James Monroe as United States Indian Agent to the Creek Nation in their lands in present-day Georgia and Alabama. He followed the more than two-decade tenure of Benjamin Hawkins. In 1820 he was prosecuted for being involved in smuggling of American slaves from Spanish Florida. He was replaced in 1821 by President Monroe, who appointed John Crowell.
He moved to Georgia in 1782 after the American Revolutionary War to Savannah, Georgia to claim it. Enthusiastic about the new country, Mitchell read the law with established attorneys and passed the bar. He was elected as mayor of Savannah (1801–1802) and made connections statewide.
Mitchell married Jane Mills in 1792, and according to family records the couple had six children: William, John, Sara, Edward, Mary, and David II.
Mitchell was appointed as Attorney General of Georgia (1796–1806). He moved to Mount Nebo Plantation, near the state capital of Milledgeville. He served three terms in the Georgia General Assembly, two as a representative and one in the Senate.
Mitchell was elected to two consecutive two-year terms as the 27th Governor of Georgia (1809–1813) and a third non-consecutive term from 1815 to 1817.
He resigned from his third term as governor to accept appointment by President James Monroe as the U.S. agent to the Creek Indians. One of Mitchell's responsibilities was the negotiation of the Treaty of the Creek Agency (1818), by which the Creek ceded land to the United States. He was accused in the American Importation Case of 1820 of smuggling slaves into Creek and US territory, in violation of the 1808 law against the American slave trade. While his direct responsibility remains controversial, Mitchell allowed those engaged in this illegal activity to seek refuge for their captives at the agency he supervised along the Flint River. The incident resulted in a major inquiry and his dismissal by President James Monroe in 1821.
Beginning in 1828, Mitchell was appointed to serve as the inferior court judge of Baldwin County, Georgia. He was later elected as Baldwin County's State Senator in 1836.
Legacy and honors
- Fort Mitchell in eastern Alabama was built by the Georgia militia in 1813 on land he donated, and it was named for him.
- 1987, Fort Mitchell National Cemetery was named for him and opened in Phenix City, Alabama.
Death and legacy
Mitchell died at Mount Nebo Plantation, his home in Milledgeville, on April 22, 1837. He is buried at Memory Hill Cemetery of the same city.
- "David Brydie Mitchell," This Day in Georgia History: April 22, Ed Jackson and Charly Pou, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, The University of Georgia, accessed February 14, 2012
- Rohrer, Katherine E. "David B. Mitchell (1766-1837)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- Fair, John D. (2015). "Governor David B. Mitchell and the "Black Birds" Slave Smuggling Scandal". Georgia Historical Quarterly. 99 (4). Retrieved May 18, 2016.
- "David Brydie Mitchell", Portrait and Bio, Georgia Secretary of State site
- Ed Jackson and Charly Pou, "David Brydie Mitchell," This Day in Georgia History: April 22, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, The University of Georgia
- History: Office of the Attorney General of Georgia, Georgia state government
- Behind the Names: Part 1, U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs website]
- "Historical Information", Fort Mitchell National Cemetery
- David Byrdie Mitchell Papers at Newberry Library
| Mayor of Savannah
| Governor of Georgia
| Governor of Georgia