Bravanese dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mwiini language)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Native toSomalia
Native speakers
183,000 (2015)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3(included in swh)

Bravanese, also called Chimwiini (ChiMwini, Mwiini, Mwini) or Chimbalazi[4] is a variety of Swahili spoken by the Bravanese people, who are the predominant inhabitants of Barawa, or Brava, in Somalia.[5] Maho (2009) considers it a distinct dialect. It is classified as a Northern Dialect of Swahili.[6]

Due to the ongoing Somali Civil War, most speakers have left the region and are scattered throughout the world in ex-refugee immigrant communities in places such as Columbus and Atlanta in the United States, London and Manchester in the United Kingdom, and Mombasa, Kenya.[7] Ethnologue classifies its language status in Somalia as developing.[8]

Bravanese may have once served as a regional lingua franca due to the key coastal location of Barawa. One piece of linguistic evidence for this comes from morphological reduction. For example, it has a three-way tense system, which is simpler than that of neighboring Bantu dialects historically spoken in Somalia.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Swahili". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mwini". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ I. M. Lewis, Islam in tropical Africa, Volume 1964, (International African Institute in association with Indiana University Press: 1980), p.7.
  5. ^ Abdullahi, p.11.
  6. ^ a b Nurse, Derek; Hinnebusch, Thomas J.; Philipson, Gérard (1993). Swahili and Sabaki: A Linguistic History. Univ of California Press. ISBN 9780520097759.
  7. ^ "Chimiini Language Project". Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  8. ^ "Swahili". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019-02-06.