Haya language

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Haya
Ziba
OluhayaOruhaya'
RegionTanzania
EthnicityHaya people
Native speakers
1.3 million (2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3hay
Glottologhaya1250[2]
JE.22[3]

Haya (Oluhaya; Swahili: Kihaya) is a Niger–Congo language spoken by the Haya people of Tanzania, in the south and southwest coast of Lake Victoria. In 1991, the population of Haya speakers was estimated at 1,200,000 people [1].

Maho (2009) classifies JE221 Rashi as closest to Haya. It has no ISO code.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Labial Alveolar Post-
alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d ɡ
Affricate voiceless t͡ʃ
voiced d͡ʒ
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ h
voiced z
Nasal m n ɲ
Approximant l j w

Vowels[edit]

Front Central Back
High i iː u uː
Mid e eː o oː
Low a aː

When a high vowel /i, u/ precedes a non-high vowel, it is realized as an approximant sound [j, w].

Tones[edit]

Two tones are present in Haya; high /v́/ and low /v̀/.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haya at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Haya". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ Byarushengo, Ernest R.; Duranti, Alessandro; Hyman, Larry M. (1977). Haya Grammatical Structure. Southern California Occasional Papers in Linguistics, 6: Los Angeles: Department of Linguistics, University of Southern California. pp. 3–7.CS1 maint: location (link)

See also[edit]

  • Betbeder, Paul; Jones, John. 1949. A handbook of the Haya language. Bukoba (Tanganyika): White Fathers Printing Press.
  • Byarushengo, Ernest Rugwa; Duranti, Alessandro; Hyman, Larry M[ichael]. (Eds.) 1977. Haya grammatical structure: phonology, grammar, discourse. (Southern California occasional papers in linguistics (SCOPIL), no 6.) Los Angeles: Department of Linguistics, University of Southern California. Pp 213.
  • Herrmann, [Kapitän] C. 1904. Lusíba, die Sprache der Länder Kisíba, Bugábu, Kjamtwára, Kjánja und Ihángiro. Mitteilungen des Seminars für orientalische Sprachen, 7 (III. Abt.), pp. 150–200.
  • Kaji, Shigeki. (Ed.) 1998. Haya. (Textbooks for language training.) Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.
  • Kaji, Shigeki. 2000. Haya vocabulary. (Asian and African lexicon series, no 37.) Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. Pp 532. ISBN 4-87297-772-6
  • Kuijpers, Em. 1922. Grammaire de la langue haya. Boxtel (Hollande): Prokuur van de Witte Paters. Pp 294.
  • Maho, Jouni & Bonny Sands. 2002. The languages of Tanzania: a bibliography. (Orientalia et africana gothoburgensia, no 17.) Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis. Pp ix, 428. ISBN 91-7346-454-6
  • Rehse, Hermann. 1912/13. Die Sprache der Baziba in Deutsch-Ostafrika. Zeitschrift für Kolonialsprachen, 3, pp. 1–33, 81-123, 201-229.

External links[edit]