Mycocerosate synthase

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mycocerosate synthase
Identifiers
EC number 2.3.1.111
CAS number 95229-19-9
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a mycocerosate synthase (EC 2.3.1.111) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

acyl-CoA + n methylmalonyl-CoA + 2n NADPH + 2n H+ multi-methyl-branched acyl-CoA + n CoA + n CO2 + 2n NADP+

The 4 substrates of this enzyme are acyl-CoA, methylmalonyl-CoA, NADPH, and H+, whereas its 4 products are multi-methyl-branched acyl-CoA, CoA, CO2, and NADP+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those acyltransferases transferring groups other than aminoacyl groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is acyl-CoA:methylmalonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating, oxoacyl- and enoyl-reducing). This enzyme is also called mycocerosic acid synthase.

References[edit]

  • Rainwater DL, Kolattukudy PE (1985). "Fatty acid biosynthesis in Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin. Purification and characterization of a novel fatty acid synthase, mycocerosic acid synthase, which elongates n-fatty acyl-CoA with methylmalonyl-CoA". J. Biol. Chem. 260 (1): 616–23. PMID 3880746.