NPO Mashinostroyeniya

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"OKB-52" and "TsKBM" redirect here. For related design bureaus and manufacturing plants see Myasishchev and Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center.

NPO Mashinostroyeniya (Cyrillic: "НПО машиностроения") is a rocket design bureau based in Reutov, Russia. During the Cold War it was responsible for several major weapons systems, including the SS-19 Intercontinental ballistic missile and the military Almaz space station program.

NPO Mashinostroyeniya was founded in 1944,[citation needed] under the leadership of Vladimir Chelomei who directed till his death in 1984. Originally part of the OKB-51 design bureau, it relocated to Reutov, and from 1955 to 1966 was designated OKB-52 (and also OKB-52 MAP). OKB-52 became later known as TsKBM.

The OKB-52 was the main rival of OKB-1 (then the design bureau of Sergey Korolev, later renamed TsKBEM, today RSC Energia) during the Soviet manned lunar programs and the Soviet space station program.[1]

India is NPO's second largest customer after Russia for sale of P-70 Ametist, BrahMos, P-800 Oniks and possibly the P-500 Bazalt.


Air launched orbital vehicles[edit]

Manned spacecraft[edit]

Space launched vehicles[edit]


Anti-ship missiles[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Almaz".