Narooma, New South Wales
New South Wales
Bridge at Narooma on the Princes Highway
|Population||2,409 (2011 census)|
Narooma is a town in the Australian state of New South Wales on the far south coast. The town is on the Princes Highway and the name Narooma is said to be derived from the Aboriginal word meaning ‘clear blue waters’. At the 2011 census, Narooma had a population of 2,409 people.
Montague Island, a National Parks and Wildlife Reserve, is eight kilometres offshore from Narooma. It is popularly thought that Lieutenant James Cook named the island as he sailed northwards up the coast of New South Wales but this is incorrect. He did name Mount Dromedary, which is located inland from Narooma, but his ship HMS Endeavour was on an easterly tack at the time, which took it far to the east of the island. From this point the island appeared to be a cape which projected from the coastline and this he named Cape Dromedary as it was below the mountain. Later, one of the ships of the Second Fleet in 1790 reported it as an island and the name "Montagu" (after George Montagu Dunk, the Earl of Halifax) was given to the Island though it is not clear by whom. Bass and Flinders later confirmed it as an island in their voyages of discovery in the late 1790s. ("The Lure of Montague" -Laurelle Pacey)
The heritage town of Central Tilba is nearby to the south.
There had been an earlier settlement nearby at Punkalla, which was a port for Bodalla and Nerrigundah; a ruined jetty and timber mill can still be seen there. Gold was discovered nearby at Central Tilba in 1880 and a post office was opened at Corunna, but called Noorooma until 1882. There is still a street bearing this spelling in the town today.
A township was surveyed at Narooma in 1883 and it was declared a port in 1884. Its school opened in 1886 and its post office in 1889. Transport to Narooma was first from the sea. From 1894 a hand-worked punt crossed Wagonga Inlet linking Narooma with Moruya. A daily mail coach ran through the town between Bega and Moruya.
Narooma was regarded as a tourist destination from the early twentieth century. The local oyster industry was established around 1900. The Uniting (formerly Methodist) Church on the Princes Highway dates from 1914. Together with the associated parsonage, it is regarded as an excellent example of the Australian Federation Carpenter Gothic architectural style.
In 1929 a petrol driven punt that had previously operated at Batemans Bay was installed. The Narooma bridge was the first major bridge constructed on the Princes Highway by the Main Roads Board as part of its efforts to develop the highway. The bridge was built between 1929 and 1931 and crosses the Wagonga Inlet. The bridge has three spans and is made of steel and concrete. It is one of two bascule span bridges of its type remaining in New South Wales in 2002; the other was being threatened with demolition in 2002. A footpath was added to the eastern (seaward) side of the bridge in 1960.
A fish cannery opened in 1937 or 1940 to process tuna and salmon. Salmon which visited the inlet annually were trapped and processed. It is said that during one of the annual visits a worker left the trap gate open which allowed a small number of fish to escape. The salmon never returned to Narooma and the cannery was closed.
Narooma is located on the Narooma Terrane which used to be separated by thousands of kilometres from the Australian coast. It travelled to the west and attached itself to the side of the Lachlan Fold Belt which became part of Australia. The rock found near Narooma includes the Narooma Chert dating from Cambrian times, and turbidites. There are also the remains of a submarine volcano with pillow lava.
Narooma has an oceanic climate (Cfb) with lukewarm summers and mild winters. It is fairly sunny, getting 98.4 clear days annually.
|Climate data for Narooma, New South Wales (1910-2012)|
|Record high °C (°F)||43.5
|Average high °C (°F)||23.6
|Average low °C (°F)||16.5
|Record low °C (°F)||9.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||90.2
|Average precipitation days||9.9||9.5||10.4||8.3||7.9||8.8||6.7||7.1||8.6||10.5||10.9||10.5||109.1|
|Average relative humidity (%)||74||74||71||68||65||62||60||58||63||70||72||73||68|
|Source: The Bureau of Meteorology|
Attractions and landmarks
Mount Gulaga, until recently also known as Mt. Dromedary, the name given by Captain Cook for its resemblance to the Dromedary Camel, can be reached from the village of Tilba Tilba. There are eight rainforest types on the mountain, and rock sites of significance to the local indigenous population. Views from the top of the mountain are limited by the vegetation. Beaches in the area include Dalmeny Beach, Narooma Beach, Bar Beach (flat water) and Yabarra Beach.
Australia Rock is found at the bar crossing (where the inlet empties into the sea). The shape of Australia cut into the rock wall was accidental and was created many years ago when a ship was tied to the rock with large chains to prevent it from washing away. The chains wore the shape into the rock during rough seas and it has been known as Australia Rock ever since.
The Narooma Golf Course was established in 1930 and has been rated amongst Australia's top 50 public access courses and Australia's top 25 resort golf courses. It is considered to be a spectacular and challenging course, with views of Montague Island to the east and Glass House Rocks to the south.
The Great Southern Blues Festival was held here annually on the October Long Weekend until it moved to Batemans Bay in 2010. The festival returned to Narooma in 2013, and continued to be held each year on the October Long Weekend until it ceased in 2015.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Narooma (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "www.lovenarooma.com". Driving distances. Elise International Research. 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-10.
- "Narooma". Walkabout. John Fairfax. Retrieved 2006-01-30.
- "CONCLUDING - The Development of Prince's Highway - South Coast Times and Wollongong Argus (NSW : 1900 - 1954) - 11 Jun 1951". Trove. Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- "Narooma Bridge". Heritage and conservation register. Roads and Traffic Authority of New South Wales. 2002. Retrieved 2006-01-30.
- "Victoria Creek Bridge", Roads and Traffic Authority (NSW), 30 March 2004.
- Maritime heritage online - South east, Heritage Office NSW, 2001.
- John Turnbull, The Canberra Times, Friday 23 May 1975 cited in http://www.facebook.com/NaroomaHistoryInPhotos).
- "Climate Statistics for Narooma, New South Wales". Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "Montague Island". Eurobodalla Tourism. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- "Narooma NSW Attractions". Highway Traveller. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- "Narooma Golf Course". The Great Outdoors. au.travel.yahoo.com. December 2004. Retrieved 2008-04-13.
- "Great Southern Blues Fest To Return In 2016 As New Event". TheMusic.com.au. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
Media related to Narooma, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons