National Centre for Disease Control

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National Centre for Disease Control
Agency overview
Formed 1909
Preceding agencies
  • National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD)(1963-2008)
  • Central Malaria Bureau (1909 - 1963)
Superseding agency
  • none
Jurisdiction India
Headquarters New Delhi
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Dr. S. Venkatesh (2014-incumbent), Director
Parent agency Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Website www.nicd.nic.in

National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) (previously known as National Institute of Communicable Diseases) is an institute under the Indian Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It was established in July 1963 for research in epidemiology and control of communicable diseases.[1] Currently it has eight branches at Alwar, Bangalore, Trivandrum, Calicut, Coonoor, Jagdalpur, Patna, Rajahmundry and Varanasi to advise the respective state governments on public health.[2]

History[edit]

Director S.P. Ramakrishnan at the sign for the newly renamed Central Institute for Communicable Diseases (ca. 1964). Credit: Wellcome Institute

The origin of NCDC can be traced back to Central Malaria Bureau, which was established at Kasauli, Himachal Pradesh, India in 1909. It was renamed as the Malaria Institute of India in 1938 and in 1963 renamed as the NICD.[3] On 30 July 2009, it was named as National Centre for Disease Control.[4]

Divisions[edit]

NCDc has eight divisions under it namely[5]

Activities[edit]

Doctors from NCDC had been previously summoned to investigate potential outbreaks of diseases including suspected cases of Pneumonic plague in Punjab in 2002,[6] SARS oubreaks in 2004,[7] meningitis outbreak in Delhi in 2005,[8] and avian influenza in 2006.[9]

Global Disease Detection (GDD)[edit]

The NCDC in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has set up the Global Disease Detection Regional Center in New Delhi, India.[10] This will lead to long term public health collaboration between the Government of India and the United States in many areas including establishing high quality research and surveillance on important human infectious diseases, establishing the Indian EIS (Epidemiological Intelligence System) program, and developing the NCDC as an international nodal agency in South Asia.

See also[edit]

For similar agencies elsewhere, please see list of national public health agencies

References[edit]