National Police Memorial (India)

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National Police Memorial
India
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi addressing the gathering at the dedication ceremony of the National Police Memorial to the Nation, on the occasion of the Police Commemoration Day, at Chanakyapuri, New Delhi (1).JPG
Used for those deceased 1947 to present
Unveiled21 October 2018
Location28°36′16″N 77°11′37″E / 28.60447°N 77.193626°E / 28.60447; 77.193626Coordinates: 28°36′16″N 77°11′37″E / 28.60447°N 77.193626°E / 28.60447; 77.193626
Kautilya Marg, Diplomatic Enclave, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi
Designed byAdvaita Gadanayak (central sculpture)
One section of the Wall of Valour at the National Police Memorial and Museum.

The National Police Memorial in India commemorates the 34,844 police personnel from all of the central and state police forces in India who have died in the line of duty since the nation's Independence in 1947.[1] Located in New Delhi's Chanakyapuri area, the 6.12 acres (2.48 hectares) memorial consists of a 30-foot (9.1-metre) tall and 238-tonne (234-long-ton; 262-short-ton) heavy black granite central sculpture, a museum and a 'Wall of Valour' bearing the names of all 34,844 police personnel who have died in the line of duty.[2][3][4] The underground museum is the first police museum of its kind in India, and showcases over 2000 years of policing in the region, since the time of Kautilya's system of law and order in 310 BCE.[5]

The renovated and refurbished memorial and museum was inaugurated by the prime minister, Narendra Modi, on 21 October 2018, which is also the Police Commemoration Day (Police Martyr's Day) in India.[4][6][7]

Historical background[edit]

The National Police Memorial commemorates the police personnel whose lives were lost in the fight against terrorism, militancy and insurgency in states such as Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and red corridor-affected regions in India. The memorial also commemorates the large number of police lives which were lost in prevention of crime and in maintenance of law and order.[1]

The memorial was first conceptualised in 1984,[6] but the plan to have a National Police Memorial was only first proposed when Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the prime minister.[6] The home minister at the time, L. K. Advani, laid the foundation stone.[7] The earlier memorial was a 150 ft (46 m) structure of steel. But it was dismantled in 2008 on the order of the Delhi High Court as it violated environmental norms.[6]

Old versions of the memorial:

Structures[edit]

Memorial[edit]

The central structure at the National Police Memorial

The central sculpture is a 30 ft (9 m) monolith made of a slab of granite weighing 238 tonnes. The weight and colour "symbolise the gravitas and solemnity of the supreme sacrifice". At the base of the structure, a 60 ft (18 m) river represents the continuous self-service of the police personnel in carrying out their duties.[1] The central memorial sculpture has been designed by Advaita Gadanayak of the National Gallery of Modern Art.[8] Architectural Design Architectural Design and system Integration by Uday Bhat Architect of RAJA AEDERI CONSULTANTS (NORTH) PVT.LTD

Wall of Valour[edit]

Designed as part of the overall design scheme by Uday Bhat Architect The names of all the 34,844 personnel who died in the line of duty from 1947 to present day are engraved on the granite, including 424 who died in 2018.[1]

One section of the Wall of Valour

National Police Museum[edit]

The National Police Memorial Museum is the first of its kind in India. The museum is underground and consists of five galleries over 1600 square meters. There are sections dedicated for various central and state police forces in India including Central Industrial Security Force, Special Protection Group, National Security Guard, Rapid Protection Force, Bureau of Civil Aviation Security, Central Reserve Police Force and Intelligence Bureau.[5] Police forces from all 29 states and 7 Union territories are presented, including special mention for women squads, police bands and animal squads (camel, dog and pigeon post). The role of police research organisations have also been mentioned such as the Bureau of Police Research and Development, the National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science and the National Technical Research Organisation.[5]

One exhibit at the National Police Memorial and Museum. The Railway Protection Force on the near right is one of the various police forces represented.

The martyrdom and stories section includes Operation Vajra Shakti (2002), Operation Puttur (2013), the killing of Veerappan (2004), and the death of Vandana Malik (1989) - the first female Indian Police Service officer killed in the line of duty, and various other stories.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Press Information Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs - PM to dedicate to the nation the National Police Memorial tomorrow. Archived 22 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine 20 October 2018 17:59 IST. Government of India.
  2. ^ "On National Police Commemoration Day, PM Modi inaugurates memorial for the khaki forces". The Indian Express. 21 October 2018. Archived from the original on 22 October 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  3. ^ ""Grateful Nation Pays Tribute": PM Inaugurates Police Memorial, Museum". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 22 October 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Police Commemoration Day 2018: Narendra Modi inaugurates National Police Memorial, pays tribute to jawans - Firstpost". www.firstpost.com. Archived from the original on 22 October 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d "First police museum: An ode to fallen heroes, 2,000 years of policing". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 22 October 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d "PM inaugurates revamped National Police Memorial". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 22 October 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 22 October 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ a b "PM Narendra Modi unveils National Police Memorial in New Delhi". Hindustan Times. 22 October 2018. Archived from the original on 22 October 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  8. ^ "PM to unveil National Police Memorial today". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 20 October 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 27 October 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)