Neuffen

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Neuffen
Neuffen qtl1.jpg
Coat of arms of Neuffen
Coat of arms
Neuffen   is located in Germany
Neuffen
Neuffen
Coordinates: 48°33′16″N 9°22′32″E / 48.55444°N 9.37556°E / 48.55444; 9.37556Coordinates: 48°33′16″N 9°22′32″E / 48.55444°N 9.37556°E / 48.55444; 9.37556
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Esslingen
Government
 • Mayor Matthias Bäcker
Area
 • Total 17.45 km2 (6.74 sq mi)
Population (2014-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,085
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 72637–72639
Dialling codes 07025
07123 (Kappishäusern)
Vehicle registration ES
Website www.neuffen.de

Neuffen is a town in the district of Esslingen, in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.

Geography[edit]

It is located 14 km northeast of Reutlingen, and 28 km southeast of Stuttgart.

Its major attraction is a quite impressive castle with strong walls, the Hohenneuffen (High Neuffen), which lays high above the town at the ridge of the Swabian Jura. Neuffen located on northern edge of the Swabian Alb, the so-called Albtrauf. The Neuffener old town is 407 meters, the castle ruins Hohenneuffen 743 m above sea level.

Neighboring communities[edit]

The town Neuffen borders in the north on the community Frickenhausen (denunciations Linsenhofen and Tischardt), in the northeast of Beuren , on the east by Erkenbrechtsweiler , on the south by Hülben and Dettingen an der Erms , the west by the city of Metzingen and Kohlberg .

Constituent[edit]

To Neuffen consists of the quarters Kappishäusern and Neuffen. The area of the neighborhoods is the same as the districts of the formerly independent municipalities of the same name. The two districts form residential areas within the meaning of Baden-Württemberg municipal code . The district Kappishäusern forms a town within the meaning of Baden-Württemberg municipal code with private Ortschaftsrat and mayor named Neuffen-Kappishäusern. [2] To the district belongs Kappishäusern the village Kappishäusern. For district Neuffen Neuffen include the city, the courts Jushof and Whit hump and the houses Hart and the Hardt. The Hohenneuffen Burg has appeared as the living space. In the urban area are the dialed villages Bodelsberg, winches and Hofstetten, but that may be the same as the two courts Bodelsberg and winds. [3]

History[edit]

The first Celtic settlement began around 100 v. Chr. In the first millennium after the birth of Christ conquered Alemanni the area. Around 1100 the castle Hohenneuffen originated. The place, which formed in the valley, under stood as the castle the lords of Nifen . Due to the good contacts of Nifens Neuffen received already in 1232 the city rights . 1303 sold Liutgard of Nifen Neuffen to Württemberg . From the 14th century until 1806 was Neuffen seat of office . With the Württemberg division in 1442 due to the Nürtinger contract Neuffen was temporarily administrative center of the eastern part of the country. From 1543 the expansion of the castle Hohenneuffen carried to land fortress. When city fire 1634 Neuffen was almost completely destroyed. From 1801, the castle was partially canceled. The Official Neuffen 1806 the newly formed Oberamt Nürtingen assigned. 1900 with the Tälesbahn a railway connecting the small town first realized. In 1938 the newly founded Neuffen County Nürtingen , with the city in 1973 in the district of Esslingen opened. In August 1948 led the Prime Minister of Württemberg-Baden Reinhold Maier and Südbaden Leo Wohleb and the Interior Minister of South Württemberg-Hohenzollern Viktor Renner at Hohenneuffen talks establishing a new Southwest State today Baden-Württemberg .

Incorporations[edit]

July 1, 1972: Kappishäusern

Religion[edit]

The evangelical church is divided into the Protestant Parish east and west. It meets in the Gothic church of St. Martin. There is also an Evangelical Free Church. In the Lichtensteinstraße is the Catholic Church. There is also an Alevi Cultural Association in Neuffen.

Economy and Infrastructure[edit]

Economics[edit]

The initial focus was on agriculture (farming, viticulture, fruit trees, small livestock), then the Weber, later the textile industry, today dominates the metal industry. Is one of the highest on the slopes below the ruins Hohenneuffen vineyards in Germany. The Großlage Hohenneuffen to the addition to the documents Neuffen also in Beuren , Linsenhofen , Kohlberg , Kappishäusern , Metzingen and Weilheim an der Teck include counts for range Remstal-Stuttgart. Neuffen is the seat of Weingärtnergenossenschaft Hohenneuffen-Teck.

Transportation[edit]

The Tälesbahn to Nuertingen connects Neuffen with the national rail network. Monday to Friday reversed the Tälesbahn hour in rush hour in 30-minute intervals, during low traffic time and on Saturdays. Since March 2013 pervert the modern Regio-shuttle trains, which are during the week in action, Sunday from 9 am to 20h in 60-minute intervals. The L 1250 combines Neuffen with Linsenhofen and Hülben . On Sundays and public holidays during the summer months, a heritage railway operation which is on the route once a month Railway Vehicle Preservation Company conducted.

Water Supply[edit]

The high zone of Neuffen obtained their drinking water from the Zweckverband Landeswasserversorgung . The Lower Zone is supplied with water from their own sources (headwaters Bauer hole headwaters turn ends and headwaters Apply). If necessary, the Low zone can also be powered via the high zone. The district is Kappishäusern with drinking water from the water supply association Jusigruppe headquartered in Kohlberg supplied.

Waste[edit]

For waste disposal waste management company of the district Esslingen is responsible. There are separate collections for organic waste , household waste and paper. Packaging under the Green Dot in so-called yellow sacks collected. Bulky waste is a free pickup service annually against delivery of two vouchers or can be brought to a disposal station. At the disposal stations and electrical and metal scrap and other recyclable materials will be issued. For hazardous waste such as fluorescent lamps and coatings there are special problem material collections.

Educational institutions[edit]

Neuffen has not only a primary school and a Werkrealschule, a secondary school and a housed in elementary school special school.

Leisure and sports facilities[edit]

The offer includes the Sportgelände Spadelsberg that Höhenfreibad Neuffen, the city sports hall and the sports hall of the Gymnastics Federation Neuffen. In addition, the Gymnastics Federation operates a ski lift with enough snow in winter. Neuffen is located directly below the Swabian Alb North Rim-path HW1 (long distance footpath).

Things[edit]

town hall

Ruins Hohenneuffen The visitor falls from afar immediately Hohenneuffen eye, the second largest fortress ruin in Baden-Württemberg. From there you have a beautiful view of the town Neuffen, its especially at the time of the cherry blossom lovely valley, the Albrand and Voralb landscape. The Neuffener Heath, a nature reserve is famous for its orchid wealth. The walk from Metzingen on Jusi , Sattelbogen, Hörnle and Barnberg to Hohenneuffen heard - even if only committed in sections - the most beautiful Albwanderungen. Neuffen located at the Württemberg wine road , which passes by many sights.

Museums[edit]

In addition to the City Museum at the Big House there is also a religious museum.

Buildings[edit]

Ruins Hohenneuffen Martin Church with Olives of 1504 Schilling'sches Big House Melchior Hunter House town hall Stadtmauer (only partially preserved) Bahnhof Neuffen

Personality[edit]

Freeman[edit]

Since 1986, the former mayor Kurt Schmid is an honorary citizen of Neuffen.

Sons and daughters of the city[edit]

  • Robert Reinhardt (1843-1914), architect and university lecturer
  • Wilhelm Steinhilber (1892-1977), local historian
  • Jörg Biel (1943-2015), Prehistoric archaeologist, by 2008 public curator

Individuals who have lived or worked in Neuffen[edit]

  • Gottfried von Neifen (13th century)
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Fischer (1779-1836), Urban and clerk and Oberamtsverweser in Neuffen, Member of Parliament

Besides the family Julius Marx lived in the 1930s, the well-known not only as an entrepreneur but also as a poet and writer Leopold Marx in Neuffen. 1938 Gurten- and Bandweberei the Marx family was " arisiert ".

  • Wilhelm Karl King (* 1935), dialect poet. He grew up in Kappishäusern district.
  • Jörg Anvil (* 1942), politician (CDU), Member of Parliament (1992-2011), lived in Neuffen.
  • Thomas Brdarić (* 1975), German national football team, grew up in Neuffen.

Literature[edit]

  • Hans Schwenkel . Heimatbuch the circle Nürtingen Volume 2. Würzburg 1953, p 708-756.
  • Gotthold Hezel: Neuffen and Hohenneuffen, a guide through the landscape and city municipality Neuffen 1957th
  • Walter Baer: The Neuffen, history and stories about the Hohenneuffen Published by the town Neuffen., 1992.
  • Manuel Werner: Cannstatt - Neuffen - New York. The fate of a Jewish family in Württemberg. With the memoirs of Walter Marx. Nürtingen / Frickenhausen 2005, ISBN 3-928812-38-6 .

The district Esslingen - ed from the State Archive of Baden-Württemberg py with the district of Esslingen, Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Ostfildern 2009.. ISBN 978-3-7995-0842-1 , Volume 2, page 227th

References[edit]