Nidadavolu

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Nidadavolu
Town
Nidadavolu Junction Board
Nidadavolu Junction Board
Nidadavolu is located in Andhra Pradesh
Nidadavolu
Nidadavolu
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°55′N 81°40′E / 16.92°N 81.67°E / 16.92; 81.67Coordinates: 16°55′N 81°40′E / 16.92°N 81.67°E / 16.92; 81.67
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
District West Godavari
Area[1]
 • Total 10.36 km2 (4.00 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 43,809
 • Density 4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534301
Telephone code 918813
Vehicle registration AP37

Nidadavolu is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Nidadavolu mandal in Kovvur revenue division.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The town was known as Niravadyaprolu or Niravadyapuram.[2][3]

History[edit]

Nidadavolu was a fort surrounded by water bodies (Jaladurgam) of Eastern Chalukyan kings. Chalukya Bhima, the builder of Draksharama Bhimeswara temple won this land from Rastrakutas, the then ruling dynasty. A prince of Nidadavolu, Veerabhadra Chalukya, married Rani Rudrama Devi, a prominent ruler and the warrior queen of the Kakatiya dynasty. He fought several wars along with his wife and is hailed as a brave prince. It had 108 Siva temples, many of them were totally destroyed by Muhammad bin Tughluq in 1323. Even today, one can find the remains of the destroyed sculptures. A Nandi statue belonging to the 13th century placed in Sri Golingeswara temple was discovered recently.

Geography[edit]

Nidadavolu is a mandal, assembly constituency and a main railway junction in West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh, India. Borders consist of East Godavari to the east, Devarapalli Mandal to the west, Tadepalligudem mandal and Peravali mandal to the south and Chagallu Mandal to the north.

Climate[edit]

Nidadavolu city falls in the hot humid region of the country. The climate of the city is hot in the summers and it is pleasant during the winter. The hottest day falls in the month of May with shift to June during some years.

Climate data for Nidadavolu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(88)
34
(93)
40
(104)
48
(118)
42
(108)
36
(97)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
30
(86)
29
(84)
34.7
(94.4)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
21
(70)
24
(75)
27
(81)
30
(86)
27
(81)
26
(79)
te 24
(75)
23
(73)
21
(70)
19
(66)
Source: Sunmap

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the major occupation with many paddy and sugarcane fields. Many crops and vegetables grow in these region and water resource for irrigation is abundant from the major canals of Godavari.

Culture[edit]

Kotasattemma Temple is one of the Hindu religious temple in the town.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 98.21 km (61.02 mi).[4] Nidadavolu Junction is the railway junction for the town. It is the junction of Bhimavaram–Nidadavolu section and Vijayawada–Nidadavolu sections of Howrah–Chennai main line. The station is administered under Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[5]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[6][7] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook - West Godavari" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 22–23. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Seminar on Fitness - A way of life by physical education" (PDF). napress.org. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  3. ^ Sarma, M. Somasekhara; Sōmaśēkharaśarma, Mallampalli. History of the Reddi Kingdoms (circa. 1325 A.D. to Circa 1448 A.D.). Andhra University. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Details of Roads in each ULB of Andhra Pradesh". Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration and Urban Developmemt Department - Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "NDD/Nidadavolu Junction (3 PFs) Railway Station - Train Arrival Timings - India Rail Info". India Rail Info. 
  6. ^ "School Eduvation Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016.