The Nigerian Civil Service consists of employees in Nigerian government agencies other than the military and police. Most employees are career civil servants in the Nigerian ministries, progressing based on qualifications and seniority. Recently the head of the service has been introducing measures to make the ministries more efficient and responsive to the public.
The word "civil"" is derived from an old French word "civil", which means "relating to law", and directly from Latin word "civilis", which means "relating to citizen", while the word "service" is derived from an old French word "servise", which means "aids". The Nigerian Civil Service has its origins in organizations established by the British in colonial times. Nigeria gained full independence in October 1960 under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary government and a substantial measure of self-government for the country's three regions. Since then, various panels have studied and made recommendations for reforming of the Civil Service, including the Margan Commission of 1963, the Adebo Commission of 1971 and the Udoji Commission of 1972–74.
A major change occurred with the 1979 adoption of a constitution modeled on that of the United States. The Dotun Philips Panel of 1985 attempted to reform the Civil Service. The 1988 Civil Service Reorganization Decree promulgated by General Ibrahim Babangida had a major impact on the structure and efficiency of the Civil Service. The later report of the Ayida Panel made recommendations to reverse some of the past innovations and to return to the more efficient Civil Service of earlier years. The Civil Service has been undergoing gradual and systematic reforms and restructuring since May 29, 1999 after decades of military rule. However, the civil service is still considered stagnant and inefficient, and the attempts made in the past by panels have had little effect.
In August 2009 the Head of the Civil Service, Stephen Osagiede Oronsaye, proposed reforms where permanent secretaries and directors would spend a maximum of eight years in office. The reform, approved by President Umaru Yar'Adua, would result in massive retirement of Permanent Secretaries and Directors, many of whom are from the North. Stephen Oronsaye has said that his goal is for the Nigerian civil service to be among the best organized and managed in the world. Oronsaye retired in November 2010 at the statutory age of 60 and was succeeded by Oladapo Afolabi.
A sense of the relative expenditure on the different areas is given by the table below, which shows the 2008 budget for Federal ministries, departments and agencies.
|MDA (Ministry, Department or Agency)||Budget (Naira)|
|Agriculture & Water Resources||113,673,666,845|
|Code of Conduct Bureau||1,126,777,207|
|Commerce and Industry||7,758,202,700|
|Culture & National Orientation||11,655,900,664|
|Environment, Housing and Urban Development||15,915,443,907|
|Federal Capital Territory||37,958,110,000|
|Federal Character Commission||2,366,945,741|
|Federal Civil Service Commission||925,690,890|
|Foreign & Intergovernmental Affairs||40,873,686,687|
|Independent Corrupts Practices Commission||3,588,338,165|
|Independent National Electoral Commission||12,693,517,785|
|Information & Communications||18,183,376,503|
|Labour and Productivity||6,142,634,383|
|Mines and Steel Development||6,592,555,334|
|National Planning Commission||6,400,000,000|
|National Population Commission||5,219,851,968|
|National Salaries, Income and Wages Commission||441,347,573|
|National Sports Commission||5,562,611,171|
|Office of the Head of the Civil Service||6,836,928,125|
|Police Service Commission||599,570,075|
|Public Complaints Commission||2,008,996,208|
|Revenue Mobilization Allocation and Fiscal Allocation Commission||2,370,007,697|
|Science and Technology||16,306,271,658|
Note: As of January 2008, one Naira was worth about 0.0057 Euros, or 0.0084 US Dollars.
Permanent secretaries head the civil service departments. In August 2009, Stephen Oronsaye announced a major reshuffle where almost half of the permanent secretaries were assigned to new departments. A partial list of the new line-up as of December 2009 follows:
Mass sacking of permanent secretaries by president Buhari
On November 10, 2015, President Muhammadu Buhari summoned all the permanent secretaries to the Presidential Villa in Aso Rock and compulsorily retired 17 of them; their retirement in force with immediate effect.
|Dr. Oderinde Idowu Yusuf||Agriculture & Rural Development||2010||present|
|Idris Adamu Kuta||Aviation|
|Dr A.K. Mohammed||Commerce & Industry|
|Sheidu Bello Ozigis||Culture, Tourism & National Orientation||1976-11-30||2005-12-21|
|Ezikiel O. Oyemomi||Defense|
|Dr. Folasade Yemi-Esan||Education|
|Dr. Safiya Muhammed||Environment||1982-01-19||2001-01-01|
|Dr. Ochi C. Achinivu||Finance|
|Amb J C Keshi||Foreign Affairs|
|Binta A. Bello||Health|
|Ammuna Lawan-Ali||Information & Communication||1977-02-17||2001-01-01|
|Dr A.S Adegoroye||Interior|
|Dr. Haruna Usman Sanusi||Labour||1977-07-01||2001-04-09|
|Suleiman D. Kassim||Mines & Steel Development||1978-08-01||2005-12-21|
|Elizabeth B.P. Emuren||Petroleum||1980-12||2005-12-21|
|I B Sali||Power|
|Dr N A Damachi||Science and Technology|
|A. S. Olayisade||Transport|
|Dr D B Ibe||Women Affairs|
|Dr. Tukur. B. Ingawa||Works, Housing and Urban Development|
|Danladi I Kifasi||Youth Development|
|Deaconess Joan Ayo||Federal Civil Service Commission|
|Dr. Yahaya A. Abdullahi||Niger Delta|
|Bukar Goni Aji||Police Affairs|
|Engr (Mrs) E.G. Gonda||Police Service Commission|
|S. D. Matankari||State House||1977-08-01||2001-11-01|
theophilus erebho, unn, PALG
|S.A.D Osuagwu||OHCSF ---|
|T.O Iroche||OHCSF ---|
|Dr. (Mrs.) E. A. Abebe||OHCSF (CSO)|
|B. U. Maitambari||OSGF SSO||1976-08-03||1999-06-14|
|Dr Alex Chike Anigbo||OSGF-PAO|
|M. N. B. Danbatta||OHOSF-ERO||1980-07-01||2001-01-01|
|Pius I Major||OHOSF-MDO|
|Dr. Imoro Kubor||OSGF (Ecological Funds)|
|Dr. Hakeem Baba-Ahmed||OSGF (GSO)||1978-08-16||1999-03-18|
|E. I. Ogbile||OSGF -CS|
|Dr. Lanre Femi||1980-08-01||2001-01-01|
|Engr. S. M. Mahmood||1974-07-12||2002-07-15|
|Prof. Ignatius A. Ayua, SAN, OFR||1974-06||2003-03-05|
|Dr. (Mrs) Timiebi K. Agary||1980-04-18||2003-12-18|
|Engr. Raymond N. Okenwa||1981-07||2005-12-21|
- Habeeb I. Pindiga (26 October 2009). "New Service Tenure - Oronsaye, FCSC Boss Clash Over Exams". Daily Trust. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- "FG to train 4600 civil servants -- HOSF". News Agency of Nigeria. December 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-21.[dead link]
- "BACKGROUND TO THE NIGERIAN CIVIL SERVICE". Office of the Head of Service of the Federation. Archived from the original on 2009-09-12. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- Ali Sani Mahmud BABURA (6 March 2003). "LEADING PUBLIC SERVICE INNOVATION: THE CASE OF THE NIGERIAN CIVIL SERVICE AND FEDERAL CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION" (PDF). Federal Civil Service Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 October 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
- "New Policy in The Civil Service". Daily Trust. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- "Ripples of tenure system in the civil service". Nigerian Tribune. 18 Sep 2009. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Atiku S. Sarki (June 19, 2009). "'Nigerian civil service'll be best in Africa'". Daily Triumph. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Daniel Idonor & Emma Ovuakporie (November 16, 2010). "Jonathan appoints Afolabi Head of Service as Oronsaye retires". Vanguard (Nigeria). Retrieved 2011-06-01.
- "FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA 2008 BUDGET". Federal Ministry Of Finance. Archived from the original on 2010-04-14. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- Franca Ochigbo (2009-08-13). "Yar'Adua moves Perm Secs". The Nation. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- "Permanent Secretaries". Office of the Head of Service of the Federation. Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- "Buhari sacks permanent secretaries". 10 November 2015.
- "See Full List Of Buhari's Ministerial Nominees". www.xtremeloaded.com. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08.