Night Falls on Manhattan
|Night Falls on Manhattan|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Sidney Lumet|
|Produced by||Thom Mount
|Music by||Mark Isham|
|Edited by||Sam O'Steen|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures
Paramount Home Entertainment
Night Falls on Manhattan is a 1997 American crime drama film directed by Sidney Lumet, set and filmed on location in New York City. Its screenplay is by Lumet, based on a novel by Robert Daley entitled Tainted Evidence.
The film centers on a newly elected district attorney played by Andy García, who is eager to stamp out corruption within the New York City Police Department. Ian Holm, James Gandolfini, Lena Olin, Ron Leibman and Richard Dreyfuss star in principal supporting roles.
A joint collective effort to commit to the film's production was made by the studios of Paramount Pictures and Spelling Films. It was commercially distributed by Paramount Pictures theatrically, and by Paramount Home Entertainment for home media. Night Falls on Manhattan explores criminal law, political corruption, and the repercussions of violence. Following its cinematic release, it failed to garner any awards from mainstream organizations for its lead acting or production merits.
Night Falls on Manhattan premiered in U.S. theaters on May 16, 1997 grossing $9,889,670 in domestic ticket receipts. The film saw its widest release in 758 theaters nationwide. Preceding its theatrical run, the film was generally met with mixed to positive critical reviews before its initial screening in cinemas. The Region 1 Code widescreen edition with special features was released on DVD in the United States on November 17, 1998.
Detectives Liam Casey (Ian Holm) and Joey Allegretto (James Gandolfini) are conducting a surveillance operation to apprehend Jordan Washington (Shiek Mahmud-Bey), a notorious drug dealer. On a tip from an informant, they venture into a building where Washington is presumed to be hiding. Washington preemptively fires a submachine gun through his front door, seriously wounding Casey. Backup arrives to swarm the building, but Washington executes a cunning escape in an NYPD squad car after murdering two police officers, while another officer is killed by friendly fire.
In a surprising move after the suspect's lawyer, Sam Vigoda (Richard Dreyfuss), brings him in, district attorney Morganstern (Ron Leibman) appoints Sean Casey (Andy García), a newly graduated assistant district attorney and Liam Casey's son, to prosecute Washington. Passing over the more experienced executive assistant Elihu Harrison (Colm Feore), Morganstern deliberately picks Casey due to Harrison's expected opposition in the upcoming election for District Attorney.
During the trial, Vigoda does not dispute his client's guilt, but postulates that the police were specifically looking to murder Washington. The defendant corroborates this theory by revealing that he had been bribing certain officers, including one called Kurt Kleinhoff, in return for protection while dealing drugs. Vigoda theorizes that when a rival dealer named Carlos Alvarez offered the officers more money, Washington refused to match it, thus becoming a target. Although inexperienced, Casey mounts a strong argument questioning Washington's credibility and his father provides effective testimony. Casey wins the case, as Washington is sentenced to consecutive life terms without parole.
At the celebration after the win, an associate from Vigoda's legal team, Peggy Lindstrom (Lena Olin), begins an affair with Casey. After Morganstern is incapacitated by a heart attack, Casey is persuaded by the mayor to run for DA. He wins the election. Meanwhile, Kleinhoff's decomposed body is discovered floating near a maritime dock. An address book found at the scene contains the names of several cops from precincts who responded to the Washington shooting. After several interrogations, a number of officers confess about their entanglement in the bribery and narcotics scandal.
Allegretto admits he initially lied about his involvement; he accepted bribes while also plotting to murder Washington with the other corrupt officers killing the third dead officer instead. Berated as "scum" by Casey for his conduct and unwilling to face jail, a depressed Allegretto commits suicide. Liam discloses to his son Sean that he and Allegretto were not legally authorized to arrest Washington due to an expired search warrant. Liam concedes that he forged a judge's signature with a new warrant.
Following an admission of guilt by Liam about the forgery in a private consultation with Judge Dominick Impelliteri (Dominic Chianese), the judge decides to fill out a new warrant and purposely obviates the technicality. He also suggests to Sean that he destroy the invalid warrant. The film ends with Casey giving the introductory lecture for a new class of assistant district attorneys, urging them to approach their job with diligence.
- Andy García as Sean Casey
- Ian Holm as Liam Casey
- James Gandolfini as Joey Allegretto
- Lena Olin as Peggy Lindstrom
- Richard Dreyfuss as Sam Vigoda
- Shiek Mahmud-Bey as Jordan Washington
- Ron Leibman as Morgenstern
- Colm Feore as Elihu Harrison
- Dominic Chianese as Judge Dominick Impelliteri
- Paul Guilfoyle as McGovern
- Template:Vic Noto as Police Diver Cochran
Exterior film shooting took place primarily on location in New York City. Filming sets included the Hotel Pennsylvania, the Sherry Netherland Hotel, Bellevue Hospital Center, and the National Arts Club. The opening scene involving the police shootout with Washington, took place in a desolate apartment building in Harlem. Principal photography for the film began on October 11, 1995 and was completed on December 12. The screenplay for the film written by director Lumet, was based on the novel Tainted Evidence authored by Robert Daley.
According to Lumet, a secondary inspiration for the plot was the true story surrounding the criminal Larry Davis, who escaped arrest from the scene of a drug raid. In the ensuing chaos, Davis shot six NYPD officers and eluded capture for 17 days. The character of Vigoda played by Richard Dreyfuss was patterned after attorney William Kunstler, who defended Davis. The scene of Washington's escape using an NYPD patrol car was staged for dramatic effect. Davis managed to escape the crime scene, but without the use of an actual police car.
The original motion picture soundtrack for Night Falls on Manhattan was not officially released to the public, but features songs composed by veteran musician Wynton Marsalis. The music for the film was orchestrated by Mark Isham, edited by Annette Kudrak and mixed by Stephen Krause, at Capital Studios. The sound effects in the film were supervised by Ron Bochar. The editing of the sound elements was arranged by Glenfield Payne.
The film received mixed reviews. Rotten Tomatoes reported that 68% of 28 sampled critics gave the film a positive review, with an average score of 6.7 out of 10. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average out of 100 to critics' reviews, the film received a score of 58 based on 19 reviews. In 1998, actor Andy García was nominated for an ALMA Award, in the category of Outstanding Actor in a Feature Film, for his performance.
|"A closing speech by Casey to a group of novice lawyers tries valiantly to throw a conceptual net over the sprawling mess we've just seen, but there's no getting around it: Night Falls on Manhattan is a wild, corkscrewing swing and miss by Lumet. With two strikes on the board, even his most loyal fans now have to wonder if the sturdy old slugger is finally losing his eye."|
|—Russell Smith, writing in The Austin Chronicle|
Janet Maslin writing in The New York Times, said director Lumet did "a good job of articulating the disillusioning realities of careerism and crime. And he has an ear, as ever, for the disparate voices of the city." She also casually noted that actor Garcia remained "a polite, neutral presence" through "too many moments, particularly during courtroom scenes that have been edited in awkwardly abrupt ways". Roger Ebert in the Chicago Sun-Times referred to the film as "knowledgeable about the city and the people who make accommodations with it. It shows us how boring that obligatory evil kingpin is in so many other crime movies". He explained, it comprises "characters who do wrong and are therefore bad, but it doesn't really have 'villains' in the usual movie sense of the word. It's too smart and grown up for such lazy categories". In the San Francisco Chronicle, Peter Stack wrote that "The film's setup is intense, full of fearsome action, a pulse-pumper. But soon it becomes a thinking man's police drama about the political aftermath of the botched drug-lord case." Left unmoved, he declared that although "Lumet and his fine cast play it out in a moody, hard-boiled style, Night Falls on Manhattan falls flat. Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly, said the film unfolds "less in the gritty world of New York law enforcement than in the implausible tabloid imagination of Robert Daley, on whose pulp novel the film is based." He did though positively comment that "Night Falls on Manhattan makes you nostalgic for Lumet's truly first-rate corruption movies, like the great, underrated Q&A (1990)." In a slightly negative tone, Barbara Shulgasser of the San Francisco Examiner, thought Lumet's "seriousness and simplicity with which he approaches his subject in Night Falls on Manhattan are refreshing even if the vivacity of the thing never really has a chance to develop." James Berardinelli of ReelViews viewed the film as being "savvy about a number of things." He claimed that "Not only does it have a good feel for both sides of the police corruption issue, but it's aware of the political rivalries and behind-the-scenes dealmaking that keeps a city running." In his overall summation, he wrote "Sidney Lumet has done something that I wasn't sure was possible in this age of instant, formulaic gratification: make a riveting cop movie without a car chase and a courtroom thriller without cheap theatrics." Adding to the positive sentiment, Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times, said the story was "a string of unlikely events and coincidences" which "set off Night Falls, and Lumet makes them believable the old-fashioned way: through interaction with a screen full of strongly drawn, fully dimensioned, psychologically valid characters."
Writing for Time Out, author SGr exclaimed, "Lumet has made 40–odd films, some classic, some lousy. This isn't by any means". He commended how actor "Dreyfuss shines as a radical defence attorney." Not entirely enthusiastic about certain elements of the plot was Andy Klein writing for the Dallas Observer. He flatly wrote, "As satisfying as much of the film is, there are a few missteps, large and small, that may require indulgence on the part of viewers." Describing a lighthearted position on its positive attributes, Mike Clark of USA Today felt "Lumet (who also wrote the script) seems to feed on lousy cop-precinct furniture, political showboating and confrontations between street-savvy adversaries played by synergic actors." On an entirely negative front, Russell Smith of The Austin Chronicle remarked that "Lumet and Daley simply appear to have forgotten everything they once knew about lean, reality-based storytelling—a fact that no amount of bluster, superstar charisma, and stylistic virtuosity can conceal." Smith added, "Expected story developments fail to materialize, and others drop from the blue sky with no apparent rationale. Equally annoying is the film's inability to decide whether it wants to be a conventional melodrama—a view the manically overacting Holm and Ferrer obviously subscribe to—or a dark, nihilistic satire in the vein of other Lumet films such as Network."
|" 'Night Falls on Manhattan' is absorbing precisely because we cannot guess who is telling the truth, or what morality some of the characters possess."|
|—Roger Ebert, writing for the Chicago Sun-Times|
Eric Brace of The Washington Post, bluntly commented on the film by writing, "Sidney Lumet mining his familiar territory of corrupt cops and courtroom drama, but if you’re hoping he’s brought something fresh to the topic of justice in the Big Apple, you’ll be disappointed." On a hint of commendation though, he felt "There are plenty of well-filmed scenes of New York in all its glorious grime and decay, and Lumet gives evil a nice touch by having all the bad guys". But ultimately he believed "the predictable lesson—that justice isn’t cut and dry—clogs the film’s gears by the last reel, at least the first half of the movie has some lively story telling." Incidentally, another Washington Post staff writer couldn't fill in an entirely positive review either. Stephen Hunter commented on Lumet's creative direction saying, "You feel the artist's seriousness of purpose, his passion to know and see and get it right. But it all flounders in a tub with the conventions of potboilers—fictionalized history, sudden wacko plot twists, the radical compression of time, the heavy, oafish hand of coincidence, and characters so wispy they could still be notes on an outline". In a slightly more upbeat tone, Leonard Klady of Variety saw Night Falls on Manhattan as being "a strong addition to an oeuvre that includes 'Serpico,' 'Prince of the City' and 'Q&A.' In this story of scandal within the NYPD, the writer-director continues to explore those earlier film's themes of corruption and compromise." He believed "The level of both technical craft and performance is up to the usual high levels associated with the filmmaker." Rating the film with 2 1⁄2 Stars, critic Leonard Maltin sadly wrote that the film "suffers from one major flaw: its central character's naivete. He's constantly shocked by what we in the audience already know—or have guessed." But in positive followup, he pointed out that supporting actor Leibman was "dynamite as the bombastic D.A.."
The film premiered in cinemas on May 16, 1997 in wide release throughout the U.S.. During its opening weekend, the film opened in a distant 7th place grossing $2,933,255 in business showing at 758 locations. The film The Fifth Element soundly beat its competition during that weekend opening in first place with $11,410,863. The film's revenue dropped by 28% in its second week of release, earning $2,108,268. For that particular weekend, the film fell to 9th place again screening in 758 theaters but not challenging a top five position. The film The Lost World: Jurassic Park, unseated The Fifth Element to open in first place grossing $90,161,880 in box office revenue. The film went on to top out domestically at $9,889,670 in total ticket sales through a 12-week theatrical run. For 1997 as a whole, the film would cumulatively rank at a box office performance position of 119.
Following its cinematic release in theaters, the film was released in VHS video format on May 5, 1998. The Region 1 Code widescreen edition of the film was released on DVD in the United States on November 17, 1998. Special features for the DVD include; the original theatrical trailer, audio commentary with director Sidney Lumet, actors Andy García and Ron Leibman as well as with producers Josh Kramer and Thom Mount. The disc also includes interactive menus with scene selection. Currently, there is no scheduled release date set for a future Blu-ray Disc version of the film.
- Daley, Robert (1994). Tainted Evidence. Vision. ISBN 978-0-446-60083-5.
- Schmalleger, Frank (1997). Crime and the Justice System in America: An Encyclopedia. Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-29409-9.
- Samaha, Joel (2005). Criminal Justice. Wadsworth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-111-34832-8.
- "Night Falls on Manhattan". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Lumet, Sidney (Director). (1997). Night Falls on Manhattan [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.
- "Night Falls on Manhattan (1997)". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "Night Falls on Manhattan Completes principal photography in New York City". PR Newswire. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "Sidney Lumet's Night Falls on Manhattan to begin principal photography on October 11 in New York City". PR Newswire. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- O'Neill, Eugene (May 26, 1997). A Streetwise Legend Sticks To His Guns. New York Magazine. p. 13. Boulder, Colorado. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
- Night Falls on Manhattan. Metacritic. CNET Networks. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Night Falls on Manhattan (1997). Rotten Tomatoes. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "1995–2009 ALMA Awards Highlights". ALMA Award. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
- Smith, Russell (16 May 1997). Night Falls on Manhattan. The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Maslin, Janet (16 May 1997). Filial Love and Duty In Conflict. The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Ebert, Roger (16 May 1997). Night Falls on Manhattan. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Stack, Peter (16 May 1997). 'Night' Falls Short/But Lumet's dense thriller offers good performances. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Gleiberman, Owen (16 May 1997). Night Falls on Manhattan. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Shulgasser, Barbara (16 May 1997). Lumet illuminates Justice System But 'Night Falls' lacks compelling central character. San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Berardinelli, James (May 1997). Night Falls on Manhattan. ReelViews. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Thomas, Kevin (May 1997). Night Falls on Manhattan. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- SGr (May 1997). Night Falls on Manhattan (1997). Time Out. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Klein, Andy (May 1997). Night Falls on Manhattan. Dallas Observer. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Clark, Mike (16 May 1997). Night Falls on Manhattan. USA Today. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Brace, Eric (16 May 1997). 'Night Falls' and Can't Get Up. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Hunter, Stephen (16 May 1997). 'Manhattan': A Dark Take on the Apple of Lumet's Eye. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Klady, Leonard (17 May 1997). Night Falls on Manhattan. Variety. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- Maltin, Leonard (August 5, 2008). Leonard Maltin's 2009 Movie Guide. Signet. p. 980. ISBN 978-0-452-28978-9.
- "May 16–18, 1997 Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "May 23–26, 1997 Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "Night Falls on Manhattan". The Numbers. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "1997 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "Night Falls on Manhattan VHS Format". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "Night Falls on Manhattan (1997)". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "Night Falls on Manhattan DVD Format". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-12-02.