Nitza I. Quiñones Alejandro
|Nitza Ileana Quiñones Alejandro|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania|
June 19, 2013
|Appointed by||Barack Obama|
|Preceded by||Richard Barclay Surrick|
|Born||January 1951 (age 66)
Hato Rey, Puerto Rico
|Education||University of Puerto Rico B.B.A.
University of Puerto Rico School of Law J.D.
Nitza Ileana Quiñones Alejandro (born January 1951) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. Quiñones Alejandro is the first lesbian Latina to be appointed to serve as a federal judge.
Early life and career
Quiñones was born in Puerto Rico. She grew up in a military family. She received her Bachelor of Business Administration degree, cum laude, in 1972 from the University of Puerto Rico, having attended Central Michigan University as an exchange student for part of her undergraduate education. She received her Juris Doctor in 1975 from the University of Puerto Rico School of Law. She moved from Puerto Rico to Philadelphia after graduating law school. She began her career as a staff attorney for Community Legal Services, Inc. in Philadelphia from 1975 to 1977. She worked as an Attorney Advisor for the United States Department of Health and Human Services from 1977 to 1979. She worked as a staff attorney for the United States Department of Veterans Affairs from 1979 to 1991.
Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas
From 1991 to 2013, she served as a judge on the Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas, presiding over both civil and criminal matters. Her nomination to that court in 1990 by Governor Robert P. Casey was controversial with local Democratic and Hispanic leaders because she was a political novice whose earlier employment by the federal government had barred her from participating in party politics. Her nomination languished in the Pennsylvania Senate for over a year and she was only confirmed once that she had won election to the court. She ran for the court in 1991 without the support of the Democratic machine. In the decisive Democratic primary, she placed 10th of 34 candidates seeking 16 vacancies. She then won the general election in November 1991. She later said that running for office gave her the "thick skin" required of a judge. She retained her seat in the elections of 2001 and 2011. She was the first Hispanic woman to serve on that court.
Federal judicial service
On November 27, 2012, President Barack Obama nominated Quiñones to serve as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, to the seat vacated by Judge Richard Barclay Surrick, who took senior status on February 1, 2011. The nomination was made on the recommendation of Senator Bob Casey, Jr. She is the first Latina lesbian to be nominated to a federal judgeship. Her nomination was confirmed by voice vote on June 13, 2013. She received her commission on June 19, 2013.
- Johnson, Chris (November 27, 2012). "Obama nominates lesbian Latina judge to Pa. court". Washingtoin Blade. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
- Lyons, Jeff (October 2008). "Diversity's Impact, Future in the Law" (PDF). Philadelphia Bar Reporter. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- "Biographies" (PDF). Philadelphia Bar Association. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- Jumper, Stacey Z. (December 2004). "Judges Offer Practice Tips, Discuss Paths to Bench" (PDF). Philadelphia Bar Reporter. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- "Quinones Alejandro, Nitza Ileana - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
- "President Obama Nominates Three to the United States District Court". The White House. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- Baer, John M (February 15, 1991). "Politics Snarls Fight For Judgeship Hispanic Woman Attorney Counts On Grass-roots Support". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- "Committee of Seventy: 1991 municipal primary election results" (PDF).
- Tamari, Jonathan (November 27, 2012). "Obama set to nominate three Pennsylvania judges". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- Bolcer, Julie (November 27, 2012). "Obama Nominates Hispanic Lesbian for Federal Judgeship". The Advocate. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
- "Our History". Hispanic Bar Association of Pennsylvania. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
Richard Barclay Surrick
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania