United States District Court for the District of New Jersey

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United States District Court for the District of New Jersey
(D.N.J.)
Sealnjd.gif
Location Mitchell H. Cohen U.S. Courthouse
Appeals to Third Circuit
Established September 24, 1789
Judges 17
Chief Judge Jose L. Linares
www.njd.uscourts.gov

The United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (in case citations, D.N.J.) is a federal court in the Third Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The Judiciary Act of 1789 established New Jersey as a single District on September 24, 1789. On February 13, 1801 the Judiciary Act of 1801 reorganized the federal court system, resulting in the state being divided into Eastern and Western districts. The Judiciary Act of 1801 was repealed on March 8, 1802 and New Jersey was re-established as a single district court. [1]

The United States Attorney's Office for the District of New Jersey represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. Craig Carpenito is the United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey. On January 5, 2018, Carpenito was appointed U.S. Attorney pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 546 by US Attorney General Jeff Sessions.[2] On April 27, 2018, the judges of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey unanimously appointed Carpenito U.S. Attorney pursuant to its statutory powers.[3]

Organization of the court[edit]

The United States District Court for the District of New Jersey holds court at Mitchell H. Cohen Building & U.S. Courthouse in Camden, at Martin Luther King Building & U.S. Courthouse in Newark, and Clarkson S. Fisher Building & U.S. Courthouse in Trenton. [4]

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
73 Chief Judge Jose L. Linares Newark 1953 2002–present 2017–present G.W. Bush
75 District Judge Robert B. Kugler Camden 1950 2002–present G.W. Bush
76 District Judge Freda L. Wolfson Trenton 1954 2002–present G.W. Bush
77 District Judge Renee Marie Bumb Camden 1960 2006–present G.W. Bush
78 District Judge Noel Lawrence Hillman Camden 1956 2006–present G.W. Bush
80 District Judge Susan Davis Wigenton Newark 1962 2006–present G.W. Bush
81 District Judge Claire C. Cecchi Newark 1964 2011–present Obama
82 District Judge Esther Salas Newark 1968 2011–present Obama
83 District Judge Kevin McNulty Newark 1954 2012–present Obama
84 District Judge Michael A. Shipp Trenton 1965 2012–present Obama
85 District Judge Madeline Cox Arleo Newark 1963 2014–present Obama
86 District Judge John Michael Vazquez Newark 1970 2016–present Obama
87 District Judge Brian R. Martinotti Trenton 1961 2016–present Obama
88 District Judge vacant
89 District Judge vacant
90 District Judge vacant
91 District Judge vacant
51 Senior Judge Anne Elise Thompson Trenton 1934 1979–2001 1994–2001 2001–present Carter
54 Senior Judge Joseph H. Rodriguez Camden 1930 1985–1998 1998–present Reagan
62 Senior Judge Mary Little Cooper Trenton 1946 1992–2011 2011–present G.H.W. Bush
64 Senior Judge Jerome B. Simandle Camden 1949 1992–2017 2012–2017 2017–present G.H.W. Bush
65 Senior Judge William H. Walls Newark 1932 1994–2005 2005–present Clinton
68 Senior Judge Katharine Sweeney Hayden Newark 1942 1997–2010 2010–present Clinton
72 Senior Judge William J. Martini Newark 1947 2002–2015 2015–present G.W. Bush
74 Senior Judge Stanley R. Chesler Newark 1947 2002–2015 2015–present G.W. Bush
79 Senior Judge Peter G. Sheridan Trenton 1950 2006–2018 2018–present G.W. Bush

Vacancies and pending nominations[edit]

Seat Seat last held by Vacancy reason Date of vacancy Nominee Date of nomination
7 William J. Martini Senior Status February 10, 2015
13 Faith S. Hochberg Retirement March 6, 2015
18 Jerome B. Simandle Senior Status May 31, 2017
11 Peter G. Sheridan June 14, 2018
17 Robert B. Kugler November 2, 2018[5]

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 David Brearley NJ 1745–1790 1789–1790 Washington death
2 Robert Morris NJ 1745–1815 1790–1801 Washington reassignment to E.D.N.J. / W.D.N.J.
2.1 Robert Morris NJ 1745–1815 1802–1815 Washington death
3 William Sanford Pennington NJ 1757–1826 1815[6]–1826 Madison death
4 William Rossell NJ 1760–1840 1826–1840 J.Q. Adams death
5 Mahlon Dickerson NJ 1770–1853 1840–1841 Van Buren resignation
6 Philemon Dickerson NJ 1788–1862 1841–1862 Van Buren death
7 Richard Stockton Field NJ 1803–1870 1863–1870 Lincoln resignation
8 John T. Nixon NJ 1820–1889 1870–1889 Grant death
9 Edward T. Green NJ 1837–1896 1889[7]–1896 B. Harrison death
10 Andrew Kirkpatrick NJ 1844–1904 1896–1904 Cleveland death
11 William M. Lanning NJ 1849–1912 1904–1909 T. Roosevelt appointment to 3d Cir.
12 Joseph Cross NJ 1843–1913 1905–1913 T. Roosevelt death
13 John Rellstab NJ 1858–1930 1909–1928 1928–1930 Taft death
14 Thomas Griffith Haight NJ 1879–1942 1914–1919 Wilson appointment to 3d Cir.
15 John Warren Davis NJ 1867–1945 1916–1920 Wilson appointment to 3d Cir.
16 Charles Francis Lynch NJ 1884–1942 1919–1925 Wilson resignation
17 Joseph Lamb Bodine NJ 1883–1950 1920–1929 Wilson resignation
18 William Nelson Runyon NJ 1871–1931 1923–1931 Harding death
19 William Clark NJ 1891–1957 1925–1938 Coolidge appointment to 3d Cir.
20 James William McCarthy NJ 1872–1939 1928[8]–1929 Coolidge resignation
21 Guy Leverne Fake NJ 1879–1957 1929–1951 1948–1951 1951–1957 Coolidge death
22 John Boyd Avis NJ 1875–1944 1929–1944 Hoover death
23 Phillip Forman NJ 1895–1978 1932–1959 1951–1959 Hoover appointment to 3d Cir.
24 Thomas Glynn Walker NJ 1899–1993 1939[9]–1941 F. Roosevelt resignation
25 William Francis Smith NJ 1904–1968 1941–1961 1959–1961 F. Roosevelt appointment to 3d Cir.
26 Thomas Francis Meaney NJ 1888–1968 1942–1966 1966–1968 F. Roosevelt death
27 Thomas M. Madden NJ 1907–1976 1945–1968 1961–1968 1968–1976 Truman death
28 Alfred Egidio Modarelli NJ 1898–1957 1951–1957 Truman death
29 Richard Hartshorne NJ 1888–1975 1951–1961 1961–1975 Truman death
30 Reynier Jacob Wortendyke Jr. NJ 1895–1975 1955–1970 1970–1975 Eisenhower death
31 Mendon Morrill NJ 1902–1961 1958–1961 Eisenhower death
32 Arthur Stephen Lane NJ 1910–1997 1960–1967 Eisenhower resignation
33 Anthony Thomas Augelli NJ 1902–1985 1961–1972 1968–1972 1972–1974 Kennedy resignation
34 James Aloysius Coolahan NJ 1903–1986 1962–1974 1972–1973 1974–1986 Kennedy death
35 Robert Shaw NJ 1907–1972 1962–1972 Kennedy death
36 Mitchell Harry Cohen NJ 1904–1991 1962–1974 1973–1974 1974–1991 Kennedy death
37 Lawrence Aloysius Whipple NJ 1910–1983 1967–1978 1974–1978 1978–1983 L. Johnson death
38 George Herbert Barlow NJ 1921–1979 1969–1979 1978–1979 Nixon death
39 Leonard I. Garth NJ 1921–2016 1969–1973 Nixon appointment to 3d Cir.
40 Clarkson Sherman Fisher NJ 1921–1997 1970–1987 1979–1987 1987–1997 Nixon death
41 John Joseph Kitchen NJ 1911–1973 1970–1973 Nixon death
42 Frederick Bernard Lacey NJ 1920–2017 1971–1986 Nixon retirement
43 Vincent Pasquale Biunno NJ 1916–1991 1973–1982 1982–1991 Nixon death
44 Herbert Jay Stern NJ 1936–present 1973–1987 Nixon resignation
45 Henry Curtis Meanor NJ 1929–2008 1974–1983 Nixon resignation
46 John F. Gerry NJ 1926–1995 1974–1994 1987–1994 1994–1995 Ford death
47 Stanley Brotman NJ 1924–2014 1975–1990 1990–2014 Ford death
48 Harold Arnold Ackerman NJ 1928–2009 1979–1994 1994–2009 Carter death
49 Dickinson Richards Debevoise NJ 1924–2015 1979–1994 1994–2015 Carter death
50 H. Lee Sarokin NJ 1928–present 1979–1994 Carter appointment to 3d Cir.
52 John Winslow Bissell NJ 1940–present 1982–2005 2001–2005 Reagan retirement
53 Maryanne Trump Barry NJ 1937–present 1983–1999 Reagan appointment to 3d Cir.
55 Robert Cowen NJ 1930–present 1985–1987 Reagan appointment to 3d Cir.
56 Garrett E. Brown Jr. NJ 1943–present 1985–2012 2005–2012 2012 Reagan retirement
57 Alfred James Lechner Jr. NJ 1948–present 1986–2001 Reagan resignation
58 Nicholas H. Politan NJ 1935–2012 1987–2002 Reagan retirement
59 Alfred M. Wolin NJ 1932–present 1987–2000 2000–2004 Reagan retirement
60 John C. Lifland NJ 1933–present 1988–2001 2001–2007 Reagan retirement
61 William G. Bassler NJ 1938–present 1991–2005 2005–2006 G.H.W. Bush retirement
63 Joseph Eron Irenas NJ 1940–2015 1992–2002 2002–2015 G.H.W. Bush death
66 Stephen Orlofsky NJ 1944–present 1995–2003 Clinton resignation
67 Joseph A. Greenaway Jr. NJ 1957–present 1996–2010 Clinton appointment to 3d Cir.
69 Faith S. Hochberg NJ 1950–present 1999–2015 Clinton retirement
70 Joel A. Pisano NJ 1949–present 2000–2015 Clinton retirement
71 Dennis M. Cavanaugh NJ 1947–present 2000–2014 Clinton retirement

Chief judges[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

List of U.S. Attorneys[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/page/courts_district_nj.html U.S. District Courts New Jersey, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center
  2. ^ "Attorney General Jeff Sessions Appoints Craig Carpenito As Interim United States Attorney, District Of New Jersey". 2018-01-03. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  3. ^ "Statement of U.S. Attorney Craig Carpenito on Appointment by U.S. District Court". 2018-04-27. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  4. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 110
  5. ^ "Future Judicial Vacancies". uscourts.gov. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1816, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 9, 1816, and received commission on January 16, 1816.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 16, 1889, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 27, 1890, and received commission on January 27, 1890.
  8. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1928, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 8, 1929, and received commission on January 8, 1929.
  9. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 16, 1940, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 5, 1940, and received commission on March 13, 1940.

External links[edit]