Nová Bystřice

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Nová Bystřice
Town
View from Smrčné
View from Smrčné
Flag of Nová Bystřice
Flag
Coat of arms of Nová Bystřice
Coat of arms
Nová Bystřice is located in Czech Republic
Nová Bystřice
Nová Bystřice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°1′10″N 15°6′11″E / 49.01944°N 15.10306°E / 49.01944; 15.10306Coordinates: 49°1′10″N 15°6′11″E / 49.01944°N 15.10306°E / 49.01944; 15.10306
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Bohemian
DistrictJindřichův Hradec
First mentioned1175
Government
 • MayorVladimir Bláha
Area
 • Total81.74 km2 (31.56 sq mi)
Elevation
588 m (1,929 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total3,299
 • Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
378 33
Websitewww.novabystrice.cz

Nová Bystřice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈnovaː ˈbɪstr̝̊ɪtsɛ], German: Neubistritz) is a town in Jindřichův Hradec District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 3,300 inhabitants.

Administrative parts[edit]

The villages and hamlets of Albeř, Artolec, Blato, Hradiště, Hůrky, Klášter, Klenová, Nový Vojířov, Ovčárna, Senotín, Skalka and Smrčná are administrative parts of Nová Bystřice.

Geography[edit]

The town lies on the border between Czech Republic and Austria close to Austria's northernmost point near Haugschlag. A road border crossing leads to the village of Grametten.

History[edit]

Main square with castle

The first written mention of Nová Bystřice is from 1175 when the area was colonized by Knights Hospitaller of the Mailberg commandry, at the behest of the Nuremberg burgrave Conrad II of Raabs. The first settlers came from the adjacent Duchy of Austria; before that, there was a Slavic population (as evidenced by a Slavic burial ground). With Konrad's death in 1191, the Raabs dynasty became extinct and in 1260 the estates were finally enfeoffed to the Rosenberg family by Margaret of Babenberg, consort of King Ottokar II of Bohemia.

When Ottokar was disseized by King Rudolf I of Germany in 1276, the estates became the personal dominion of Rudolf's daughter Judith of Habsburg, who later became Bohemian Queen. In 1341 Bystřice was promoted to city status. During the reign of John of Bohemia it became a market town. Around the same time it suffered from great famine. The town was burned down by Jan Žižka in 1420. It was rebuilt and since then it has been called Nová ("New") Bystřice. In July 1533 a group of religious reformers killed 40 Catholic monks, along with other Catholics, and destroyed the monastery. About one-third of the population emigrated to America after 1870.In 1945 the German population was expelled according to the Beneš decrets

During the cold war, the Iron Curtain garrison was located in the town. The neighbouring village of Mnich was abandoned and destroyed due to its vicinity to the border.

Present[edit]

The nature park informally called Bohemian Canada is attractive and the number of inhabitants, as well as seasonal visitors, is growing. Major accommodation development projects are under way.

The presence of a border checkpoint is another important feature of the town, although heavy traffic is usually routed through other major checkpoints in Southern Bohemia.

Economy[edit]

Textile industry was the traditional business activity, however the recent years saw a drop in the demand. Alma Nová Bystřice and Otavan factory finished its operations.[2]

A substantial number of residents work in the agricultural industry. People working in technical and administrative sector usually commute to Jindřichův Hradec. Increasing tourism is leading to the expansion of services (hotels, restaurants) in the town and is an important source of income, especially during summer months.

Tourism[edit]

Nová Bystřice is the endpoint of a privately operated narrow gauge railroad to Jindřichův Hradec. During the tourist season, the trains are powered by historic steam engines and offer various entertainment.[3]

The Monachus golf resort, situated on the town's southwestern edge, is a major attraction for golfers. It consists of 18-hole championship course and nine-hole public golf academy. The characteristic landscape of Bohemian Canada — hilly with many forests and meadows — is regarded as almost perfect for this game.

Nová Bystřice is a frequent destination of cyclists; many biking routes pass through the town, offering almost all degrees of difficulty.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Nová Bystřice is twinned with:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ "Dvě slavné textilní továrny brzy zavřou své brány". jindrichohradecky.denik.cz (in Czech). Jindřichohradecký deník. 2007-05-14. Retrieved 2020-08-20.
  3. ^ "Jízdní řád – Parní vlak". jhmd.cz (in Czech). Jindřichohradecké místní dráhy. Retrieved 2020-08-20.
  4. ^ "Program rozvoje Novobystřicka v letech 2016–2020". novabystrice.cz (in Czech). Město Nová Bystřice. March 2016. p. 6. Retrieved 2020-08-20.

External links[edit]