|Part of the "Occupy" protests|
Crowds gathered in Martin Place for Occupy Sydney, October 2011
|Date||15 October 2011 – 2013|
|Caused by||Economic inequality, corporate influence over government, Housing affordability inter alia.|
|Methods||Demonstration, occupation, protest, street protesters|
|Up to 3000 at peak (100 sleeping at peak)|
|Fined||45 (30 for breaching local government acts)|
Occupy Sydney was a social movement and protest as part of the global Occupy movements, in Sydney, Australia. The occupation began on 15 October 2011 outside the Reserve Bank of Australia in Martin Place. The Martin Place occupation was first evicted by NSW Police on 23 October 2011. This eviction and later police action was named Operation Goulding. Another eviction attempt occurred on 2 February 2012. The protest site was removed five times in early July 2013, only to re-establish itself each time within hours.
Some of the major themes common to the protests included economic inequality, the alleged assault upon civil liberties at the hands of government and law enforcement, social injustice, corruption in the financial sector, corporate greed, and the influence of companies and lobbyists on government. Other issues that past and current participants have expressed include concerns with free assembly in public spaces, housing affordability and homelessness in Sydney, the treatment of Australia's indigenous people, and policies regarding the acceptance of asylum-seekers and refugees. Some within the Occupy movement (Sydney and abroad) have also espoused conspiratorial viewpoints.
The largest rally took place on 5 November 2011 through Sydney's central business district (CBD). During the Form 1 process some protesters had agreed to cease the rally by 4:30 pm, however this decision did not represent the views of many of the other participants. Due to a number of reasons, including the large numbers of police assembled at Martin Place, the crowd made the decision to move to Hyde Park, where they remained until they were evicted by police. The movement then re-established itself at Martin Place, where it has remained for the last two years.
Glenn Wall of Occupy Sydney ran as an independent candidate at the 2012 Sydney by-election. He finished fourth out of five candidates, receiving 2.2 percent of the vote. The seat was won by independent candidate Alex Greenwich.
Evictions and Occupy Sydney responses
N.S.W. Police-initiated eviction attempts and arrests
On the morning of Sunday 23 October 2011, more than 100 police led by Assistant Commissioner Mark Murdoch forcibly removed about 80 protesters, with some protesters claiming that excessive force was used. The police and the New South Wales government defended the level of force, while Clover Moore, the Lord Mayor of Sydney, expressed concern about the violence, saying: "The city respects the right of people to protest". This eviction and later police action was named Operation Goulding.
The Occupy Sydney response to this eviction was supported by Councillor Irene Doutney's motion put to the City of Sydney Council, to allocate Occupy Sydney a permanent protest space. The Occupy Sydney General Assembly agreed to not attempt a full re-occupation pending the 7 November 2011 Council meeting, where this motion would be heard. An Occupy General Assembly was called to immediately follow the Council meeting. During the interim, some Occupiers maintained a daily physical presence. Police also guarded the Occupation site 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Following the adverse 7 November 2011 Council decision, a small group of Occupiers autonomously re-established the Occupation amidst a heavy police presence. Upon news of a re-occupation occurring, resources flowed back into Occupy Sydney. The General Assembly later endorsed this Occupation.
In another eviction attempt on 2 February 2012, seven people were arrested and a significant amount of property was seized. Despite media reports at the time that declared the end of the occupation, protesters maintained a continuous presence at the site.
On February 15, 2012, seven Occupy activists were arrested following a protest held outside the Greek consulate in Sydney City, over austerity measures. Of the seven, five were released without charge and two were charged with public mischief. Both of these individuals later escaped conviction.
Sydney City Council-initiated eviction attempts
By approximately mid-April 2013 Occupy Sydney made a major part of its work "The 24-7 Homeless Hungry and Cold Peoples Resource", providing hot food and drinks, blankets and clothes, 24 hours a day, to those who needed them. The Occupation site became known to Australia Post as 56a Martin Place, Sydney, adjacent to the Channel Seven television studios.
Until this "Homeless Hungry and Cold Peoples Resource" service - unique to the Australian public - was initiated, no City of Sydney Councillor or element of Sydney City Council had raised any objection to the Occupy Sydney protest. Within days of the resource service being made public, City of Sydney Liberal Party Councillor Christine Forster tabled a motion in Sydney City Council, calling for a police-assisted eviction of Occupy Sydney.
The first council-initiated eviction attempt on the Occupy Sydney protest in Martin Place was at 7.30 p.m. on 3 July 2013. Occupiers returned on the same evening by 8.30 p.m. The site was also removed on 5 July 2013 (twice) at 9.30 a.m. and 4.00 p.m.; 7 July 2013 at 6.00 p.m.; and 9 July 2013 at 8.30 a.m. In all eviction instances, Occupy Sydney re-established itself within hours. A total of 38 "evictions" of the Occupy Sydney 24-7 Homeless site took place between July and November 2013.
Occupy Sydney was resurrected on the night of December 13, 2013, following a hiatus of several weeks due to a series of council removals and harassment. This coincided with a Christmas charity event held by activist collective Anonymous at Martin Place. Occupy Sydney's services providing 24-hour help to the homeless was also re-established on this date.
On 3 February 2014 an Occupy Sydney participant won a stay of proceedings http://www.jdbarrister.com.au/images/menu/Priestley%20Court%20of%20Appeal.pdf against the NSW Director of Public Prosecutions who on the instructions of NSW Premier Barry O'Farrell had appealed an earlier dismissal of a charge of camping and staying overnight.
- "Police close down overnight camp after thousands attend Occupy Sydney". Indymedia Australia, 15 October 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- correspondents, our. "Australia: Riot police evict Occupy Sydney - World Socialist Web Site". www.wsws.org. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "Occupy Sydney protesters vow to return". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. AAP. 23 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
Lord Mayor Clover Moore said she was "concerned" about reports of violence. "The city respects the right of people to protest," she said in a release on Sunday. "The city was not informed ... nor gave any direction to the police to act against the protesters early this morning."
- "Question by Mr Shoebridge to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services, Minister for the Hunter, and Vice-President of the Executive Council of New South Wales. 2334—OPERATION GOULDING. parliament.nsw.gov.au/
- "Occupy Sydney is finally over after police move in to Martin Place," The Daily Telegraph, 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- "Occupy Sydney protesters arrested at Greek consulate". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Sydney Occupy Site Dismantled Again". Yahoo!7 News. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 September 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|deadurl=(help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Charges against Occupy Sydney activist dismissed". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 10 January 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- "Police arrests six in Occupy Sydney protest site raid". BBC News. 1 February 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- Peter Hackney (18 October 2012). "Two more contenders join by-election race".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Occupy Sydney.|