Water tower near I-39 in Oglesby
|Official name: City of Oglesby|
|Elevation||628 ft (191.4 m)|
|Area||4.11 sq mi (10.6 km2)|
|- land||4.11 sq mi (11 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||911.6 / sq mi (352 / km2)|
|Government||City commission government|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC−5)|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oglesby, Illinois.|
Oglesby Lincoln School, Oglesby Washington School, Holy Family parochial School, and Illinois Valley Community College are located in Oglesby.
Murals were produced in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department from 1934 to 1943. They were intended to boost the morale of the American people suffering from the effects of the Depression by depicting uplifting subjects. In 1942 artist Fay E. Davis painted an oil on canvas mural titled The Illini and Potawatomes Struggles at Starved Rock in the town's post office. In 1993 a post office janitor complained about the nudity of the Indians depicted in the mural. The painting was covered by a venetian blind and only revealed upon request.
Oglesby is located at (41.296762, -89.066074).
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 4.11 square miles (10.6 km2), all land.
Oglesby is located near the confluence of the Illinois River and the north-flowing Vermilion River. It was originally called Portland, due to the cement mined and manufactured in the area that was similar to Portland Cement from England. It was renamed in 1913 in honor of Richard Oglesby, a former U.S. Senator and three-time Governor of Illinois.
The surface ground layers around Oglesby has excellent exposed limestone and coal, as well as riverine transport. It soon became an important center for cement manufacture. Before open-pit mining there were several subsurface cement mines:
- Illinois Clay Products Mine, 1913–1924
- Reynolds Clay Mine
- Marquette Cement Mine
As well as several coal mines:
- Jones Mine, 1865–1930
- Oglesby Mine, 1865–1919
- Deer Park Mine, 1900–1920
- Black Hollow Mine, circa
Matthiessen State Park and Starved Rock State Park are located a few miles east on Illinois State Route 178.  With over two million visitors a year, Starved Rock is the most visited of any Illinois state park.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,791 people. The 2000 census showed 1,583 households, and 1,016 families residing in the city. The population density was 911.6 people per square mile (352.0/km²). There were 1,701 housing units at an average density of 425.2 per square mile (164.2/km²). According to the 2010 census The racial makeup of the city was 95.70% White, 0.37% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.74% Asian, and Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.52% of the population.
Census 2000 stated that there were 1,583 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city the age distribution of the population shows 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,000, and the median income for a family was $44,778. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $20,331 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,674. About 9.5% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (November 2014)|
- Jim Bottomley, first baseman for the St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds and St. Louis Browns
- Frank Lamanske, pitcher for the Brooklyn Dodgers
- Bo Molenda, fullback (and later coach) for the Green Bay Packers and New York Giants; born in Oglesby
- Walt Tauscher, pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Washington Senators
- "Indians at the Post Office". postalmuseum.si.edu. Smithsonian Postal Museum. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-10-13. External link in
- Oglesby-Our Home Town (1902–2002). Oglesby, Illinois: Oglesby Historical Society. 2002. p. 5.
- "Matthiessen - State Park". Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
- "Fun Facts about Illinois Tourism". illinois issues.uis.edu. University of Illinois at Springfield. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.