|Founded||June 1, 2000|
|Purpose||Provides a non-national alternative to the traditional Top-Level Domain registries. OpenNIC is a user-owned and -controlled Network Information Center.|
OpenNIC (also referred to as the OpenNIC Project) is a user-owned and -controlled top-level Network Information Center that offers a non-national alternative to traditional top-level domain (TLD) registries such as ICANN. As of January 2017, OpenNIC recognizes and peers all existing ICANN TLDs, for compatibility reasons. However, OpenNIC has not yet evaluated and does not hold a formal position on future ICANN TLDs.
In addition to resolving hostnames in the ICANN root, OpenNIC also resolves hostnames in OpenNIC-operated namespaces, as well as within namespaces with which peering agreements have been established. Some OpenNIC recursive servers (Tier 2 servers) are known for their high speeds and low latency, relative to other more widely used DNS recursors, as well as their anonymizing or no-logging policies. Many servers offer DNSCrypt. Tier 2 servers are operated by community volunteers across a multitude of geographic locations.
These TLDs are currently served by OpenNIC and were constructed with the approval of the OpenNIC community.
|Name||Intended use||Date introduced||Restrictions||Notes||Status|
|.bbs||Bulletin Board System servers, and related BBS websites and services||2000-12-29||Domain must provide BBS type services.||Manual Registration|
|.chan||A Top Level Domain "for imageboards and communities related to imageboard culture"||2015-10-21||Active|
|.dyn||Dynamic DNS pointers||2014-05-30||Only A, AAAA, RP and TXT records can be modified.||Unused domains are removed after 28 days.||Active|
|.epic||General purpose domain for anything of an "epic" nature||2019-09-03||Active|
|.free||Organizations that encourage the non-commercial use of the Free Internet||Non-commercial use only. No new registrations accepted.||Moved to .libre following ICANN addition of .free. Currently still resolving.||Dropped|
|.geek||Anything of a personal or hobbyist nature that would be considered "geeky"||2008-02-18||Active|
|.gopher||Content delivery via the gopher protocol||Must serve content via the gopher protocol.||Active|
|.indy||Independent media and arts||Active|
|.libre||Organizations that encourage the non-commercial use of the Free Internet||2017-01-03||Non-commercial use only||Successor to .free after the introduction of .free on the ICANN namespace||Active|
|.neo||General purpose||Usage should lean towards themes present in the 'emo subculture'||Manual Registration|
|.null||Miscellaneous||Non-commercial use only. Only natural persons may hold a .null domain.||Active|
|.o||General purpose||2016-11-28||Prohibits domain squatting and spam usage.||Active|
|.oss||Open Source Software||Active|
|.oz||Australian websites (alt-ccTLD)||2012-06-11||Active|
|.parody||Parody websites||Non-commercial use only||Active|
|.pirate||Internet Freedom and sharing||Active|
OpenNIC provides resolution of select other alternative DNS roots.
|Name||Intended use||Date Introduced||Notes||Peer Authority||Status|
|.bit||Namecoin systems, websites and services||Depeered due to disagreements between the OpenNIC and Namecoin projects. ||Namecoin||Dropped|
|.coin||digital currency and commerce websites||Emercoin||Active|
|.emc||websites associated with the Emercoin project||Emercoin||Active|
|.fur||Furries, Furry Fandom and other Anthropormorphic interest websites||2003-11-?||Originally an OpenNIC TLD, now operated by FurNIC.||FurNIC||Active|
|.ku||Kurdish people||New Nations||Active|
|.lib||From Words Library and Liberty - that is, knowledge and freedom||Emercoin||Active|
|.te||Tamil Eelam||New Nations||Active|
|.uu||Uyghur people||New Nations||Active|
New Nations provides TLDs for nation-states that are not recognized by the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 standard, and therefore haven't received their own ccTLD. Currently they provide .ku (Kurdish people), .te (Tamil Eelam), .ti (Tibet), and .uu (Uyghur people).
FurNIC aims to bring a unique identity to Furries, Furry Fandom, and other Anthropomorphic interest websites across the internet. FurNIC and OpenNIC work closely, with .fur (Furry fandom) generally being treated as part of OpenNIC for most purposes, rather than a separate peer entity.
On January 15, 2015, domains registered in Emercoin's blockchain became accessible to all users of OpenNIC DNS. Emercoin DNS supports the domain zones .coin, .emc, .lib and .bazar. However, Emercoin DNS records can be registered/maintained from within the Emercoin software, and not as part of OpenNIC's management system.
OpenNIC operates some special-use TLDs, which are meant for technical or organizational purposes.
|.opennic.glue||Provides hostnames for Tier 1 DNS servers and organizational websites and services.||Domains cannot be registered. Domains are granted to each Tier 1 server operator or upon approval of the OpenNIC community.||Example: "ns2.opennic.glue"||Active|
|.dns.opennic.glue||Provides hostnames for Tier 2 DNS servers on the OpenNIC network.||Domains cannot be registered. Domains are automatically created upon the approval of a Tier 2 server.||Example: "ns1.any.dns.opennic.glue"||Active|
In July 2019 the OpenNIC community voted 13-2 for dropping support for .bit domains due to them "being used as malware hubs" as a result of their "anonymous nature". A similar proposal was made in December 2018 but it did not reach the voting stage.
Until then OpenNIC resolved .bit (Namecoin) domains through the use of a centralized server which generated a DNS zone from the Namecoin blockchain. Access was provided through a Tier 1 server which bridges the OpenNIC system and Namecoin. Some OpenNIC DNS servers made use of a Spamhaus-maintained blacklist of malicious .bit domains.
- Open Root Server Network
- Public recursive name servers
- Zhong, Peng. "OpenNIC - Projects - PRISM Break". prism-break.org. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". scoop.opennic.unrated.net. Archived from the original on May 22, 2008. Alt URL
- "What is OpenNIC?:OpenNIC Wiki". wiki.opennic.org. Retrieved 2017-05-05.
- "OpenNIC DNS Network". December 3, 2010. Archived from the original on June 24, 2013.
- Coldewey, Devin (November 11, 2016). "Tech tips to help stay safe in Trump's America". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- Harvey, Charlie. "Anonymous Public DNS with OpenNIC". charlieharvey.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- "kuro5hin.org". www.kuro5hin.org. Archived from the original on January 29, 2019. Alt URL
- "OpenNIC Operated Namespaces". OpenNIC Wiki.
- ".bbs TLD". OpenNIC Wiki.
If a site is no longer providing BBS type services, that should also be grounds for removal of the domain.
- "opennic.chan". chandns.net. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
- "Re: [opennic-discuss] Call for vote on .free issues". OpenNIC Mailing List Archive. January 3, 2017.
- ".neo TLD". OpenNIC Wiki.
- ".null TLD". OpenNIC Wiki.
- ".o Charter". www.moderntld.com.
- ".o TLD". OpenNIC Wiki. November 30, 2016. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
- "Re: [opennic-discuss] [Vote] .o TLD Proposal". OpenNIC Mailing List Archive. November 28, 2016.
- ".o Registration System Online". ModernTLD News. 2017-04-20. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
- ".Pirate Domains Now Available Through OpenNic - TorrentFreak". TorrentFreak. 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- "OpenNIC Peers:OpenNIC Wiki". wiki.opennic.org. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- "Discuss - [opennic-discuss] Vote to keep or drop peering with NameCoin - arc".
- "FurNIC". www.nic.fur.
- ".fur - WikiFur, the furry encyclopedia". en.wikifur.com. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- ".fur TLD". OpenNIC Wiki.
- "new-nations". new-nations.net. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- Emercoin. "Emercoin reaches peering agreement with OpenNIC". emercoin.com. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- Emercoin. "Emercoin DNS". emercoin.com. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- "OpenNIC Public Servers".
- "Should OpenNIC drop support for NameCoin [OpenNIC Wiki]". wiki.opennic.org. Retrieved 2020-08-31.
- jbiscaya (2019-07-17). "OpenNIC drops support for .bit domain names after rampant malware abuse". The GRC Hub. Retrieved 2020-08-31.
- "Dot-Bit: Secure Decentralized DNS". bit.namecoin.org. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- ".bit TLD". OpenNIC Wiki.
- "DNS Blacklisting API [OpenNIC Wiki]".
- "Discuss - Re: [opennic-discuss] letit2 [.] bit blacklist - arc".