The furry fandom is a subculture interested in anthropomorphic animal characters with human personalities and characteristics. Examples of anthropomorphic attributes include exhibiting human intelligence and facial expressions, speaking, walking on two legs, and wearing clothes. The term "furry fandom" is also used to refer to the community of people who gather on the Internet and at furry conventions, or otherwise participate in the subculture. Individual members of the fandom are known as "furries" (sg. "furry").
The furry fandom has its roots in the underground comix movement of the 1970s, a genre of comic books that depicts explicit content. In 1976, a pair of cartoonists created the amateur press association Vootie, which was dedicated to animal-focused art. Many of its featured works contained adult themes, such as "Omaha" the Cat Dancer, which contained explicit sex. Vootie grew a small following over the next several years, and its contributors began meeting at science fiction and comics conventions.
According to fandom historian Fred Patten, the concept of furry originated at a science fiction convention in 1980, when a character drawing from Steve Gallacci's Albedo Anthropomorphics started a discussion of anthropomorphic characters in science fiction novels. This led to the formation of a discussion group that met at science fiction conventions and comics conventions.
The specific term furry fandom was being used in fanzines as early as 1983, and had become the standard name for the genre by the mid-1990s, when it was defined as "the organized appreciation and dissemination of art and prose regarding 'Furries', or fictional mammalian anthropomorphic characters". However, fans consider the origins of furry fandom to be much earlier, with fictional works such as Kimba, the White Lion, released in 1965, Richard Adams' novel Watership Down, published in 1972 (and its 1978 film adaptation), as well as Disney's Robin Hood as oft-cited examples. Internet newsgroup discussion in the 1990s created some separation between fans of "funny animal" characters and furry characters, meant to avoid the baggage that was associated with the term "furry".
During the 1980s, furry fans began to publish fanzines, developing a diverse social group that eventually began to schedule social gatherings. By 1989, there was sufficient interest to stage the first furry convention. It was called Confurence 0, and was held at the Holiday Inn Bristol Plaza in Costa Mesa, California. The next decade, the internet became accessible to the general population and became the most popular means for furry fans to socialize. The newsgroup alt.fan.furry was created in November 1990, and virtual environments such as MUCKs also became popular places on the internet for fans to meet and communicate.
Allegorical novels, including works of both science fiction and fantasy, and cartoons featuring anthropomorphic animals are often cited as the earliest inspiration for the fandom. A survey conducted in 2007 suggested that, when compared with a non-furry control group, a higher proportion of those self-identifying as furries liked cartoons "a great deal" as children and recalled watching them significantly more often, as well as being more likely to enjoy works of science fiction than those outside of the community.
According to a survey from 2008, most furries believe that visual art, conventions, literature, and online communities are strongly important to the fandom. The furry fandom is male-dominated, with surveys reporting around 80% male respondents.
Fans with craft skills create their own plush toys, sometimes referred to as plushies, and also build elaborate costumes called fursuits, which are worn for fun or to participate in parades, convention masquerades, dances, or fund-raising charity events (as entertainers). Fursuits range from designs featuring simple construction and resembling sports mascots to those with more sophisticated features that include moving jaw mechanisms, animatronic parts, prosthetic makeup, and other features. Fursuits range in price from $500, for mascot-like designs, to an upwards of $10,000 for models incorporating animatronics. While about 80% of furries do not own a full fursuit, often citing their expensive cost as the decisive factor, a majority of them hold positive feelings towards fursuiters and the conventions in which they participate. Some fans may also wear "partial" suits consisting simply of ears and a tail, or a head, paws, and a tail.
Anthropomorphic animal characters created by furry fans, known as fursonas, are used for role-playing in MUDs, on internet forums, or on electronic mailing lists. A variety of species are employed as the basis of these personas, although many furry fans (for example over 60% of those surveyed in 2007) choose to identify themselves with carnivorans. The longest-running online furry role-playing environment is FurryMUCK, which was established in 1990. Many furry fans had their first exposure to the fandom come from multiplayer online role-playing games.[unreliable source?] Another popular online furry social game is called Furcadia, created by Dragon's Eye Productions. There are also several furry-themed areas and communities in the virtual world Second Life.
Sufficient interest and membership has enabled the creation of many furry conventions in North America and Europe. A furry convention is for the fans get together to buy and sell artwork, participate in workshops, wear costumes, and socialize. Anthrocon, in 2008 the largest furry convention with more than 5,861 attendees, is estimated to have generated approximately $3 million to Pittsburgh's economy that year. Another convention, Further Confusion, held in San Jose each January, closely follows Anthrocon in scale and attendance. US$470,000 was raised in conventions for charity from 2000 to 2009. As of December 2017, Midwest FurFest is the world's largest furry convention. It had a self-reported 2019 attendance of 11,019.
The first known furry convention, ConFurence, is no longer held; Califur has replaced it, as both conventions were based in Southern California. A University of California, Davis survey suggested that about 40% of furries had attended at least one furry convention.
Websites and online communities
The internet contains a multitude of furry websites and online communities, such as art community websites Fur Affinity, Inkbunny, SoFurry and Weasyl; social networking sites Furry 4 Life, FurNation; and WikiFur, a collaborative furry wiki. These, with the IRC networks FurNet and Anthrochat, form a key part of furry fandom.[needs update?] Usenet newsgroups such as alt.fan.furry and alt.lifestyle.furry, popular from the mid-1990s to 2005, have been replaced by topic-specific forums, mailing lists and LiveJournal communities.
There are several webcomics featuring animal characters created by or for furry fans; as such, they may be referred to as furry comics. One such comic, T.H.E. Fox, was first published on CompuServe in 1986, predating the World Wide Web by several years, while another, Kevin and Kell by Bill Holbrook, has been awarded both a Web Cartoonists' Choice Award and an Ursa Major Award.
A majority of furries connect to the fandom in their teen years. The phrases furry lifestyle and furry lifestyler first appeared in July 1996 on the newsgroup alt.fan.furry during an ongoing dispute within that online community. The Usenet newsgroup alt.lifestyle.furry was created to accommodate discussion beyond furry art and literature, and to resolve disputes concerning what should or should not be associated with the fandom; its members quickly adopted the term furry lifestylers, and still consider the fandom and the lifestyle to be separate social entities. They have defined and adopted an alternative meaning of the word furry specific to this group: "a person with an important emotional/spiritual connection with an animal or animals, real, fictional, or symbolic."
In their 2007 survey, Gerbasi et al. examined what it meant to be a furry, and proposed a taxonomy in which to categorise different "types" of furries. The largest group—38% of those surveyed—described their interest in furry fandom predominantly as a "route to socializing with others who share common interests such as anthropomorphic art and costumes." However they also identified furries who saw themselves as "other than human", or who desired to become more like the furry species which they identified with.
When compared with the general population, homosexuality and bisexuality are over-represented in the furry fandom by about a factor of 10. Of the adult US population, about 3.1% of people identify as bisexual,1.4% as gay, and 0.7% as lesbian according to a 2020 Gallup update. In contrast, according to four different surveys 14–25% of the fandom members report homosexuality, 37–52% bisexuality, 28–51% heterosexuality, and 3–8% other forms of alternative sexual relationships. Approximately half of the respondents reported being in a relationship, of which 76% were in a relationship with another member of furry fandom. Examples of sexual aspects within furry fandom include erotic art and furry-themed cybersex. The term "yiff" is sometimes used to indicate sexual activity or sexual material within the fandom—this applies to sexual activity and interaction within the subculture whether in the form of cybersex or offline.
Sexual attraction to furry characters is a polarizing issue. In one survey with 4,300 furry respondents, 37% answered that sexual attraction is important in their furry activities, 38% were ambivalent, and 24% answered that it has little or nothing to do with their furry activities. In a different online survey, 33% of furry respondents answered that they have a "significant sexual interest in furry", another 46% stated they have a "minor sexual interest in furry", and the remaining 21% stated they have a "non-sexual interest in furry". The survey specifically avoided adult-oriented websites to prevent bias. Another survey found that 96.3% of male furry respondents reported viewing furry pornography, compared with 78.3% of female; males estimated 50.9% of all furry art they view is pornographic, compared with 30.7% female. Furries have a slight preference for pornographic furry artwork over non-pornographic artwork. 17.1% of males reported that when they viewed pornography it is exclusively or near-exclusively furry pornography, and only about 5% reported that pornography was the top factor which got them into the fandom.
A small proportion of the fandom is sexually interested in zoophilia (sex with animals), although a majority take a negative stance towards it. An anonymous survey in 2008 found 17% of respondents reported zoophilia. An earlier survey, conducted from 1997 to 1998, reported about 2% of furry respondents stating an interest in zoophilia, and less than 1% an interest in plushophilia (sexually aroused by stuffed animal toys). The older, lower results, which are even lower than estimated in the general population, were due to the methodology of questioning respondents face-to-face, which led to social desirability bias. In contrast, one comparative study from 1974 and 1980 showed 7.5% of sampled students at University of Northern Iowa reporting zoophilia, while other studies find only 2.2% to 5.3% expressing fantasies of sex with animals.
Public perception and media coverage
Early portrayal of the furries in magazines such as Wired, Loaded, Vanity Fair, and the syndicated sex column "Savage Love" focused mainly on the sexual aspect of furry fandom. Fictional portrayals of furry fandom have appeared on television shows such as The Simpsons, ER, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, The Drew Carey Show, Sex2K on MTV, Entourage, 1000 Ways to Die, Tosh.0, Check It Out! with Dr. Steve Brule, and 30 Rock. Most furry fans claim that these media portrayals are misconceptions, while the recent coverage focuses on debunking myths and stereotypes that have come to be associated with the furry fandom. A reporter attending Anthrocon 2006 noted that "despite their wild image from Vanity Fair, MTV and CSI, furry conventions aren't about kinky sex between weirdos gussied up in foxy costumes", that conference attendees were "not having sex more than the rest of us", and that the furry convention was about "people talking and drawing animals and comic-book characters in sketchbooks." In October 2007, a Hartford Advocate reporter attended FurFright 2007 undercover because of media restrictions. She learned that the restrictions were intended to prevent misinformation, and reported that the scandalous behavior she had expected was not evident. Recent coverage of the furry fandom has been more balanced. According to Ian Wolf, a 2009 article from the BBC entitled "Who are the furries?" was the first piece of journalism to be nominated for an Ursa Major Award, the main awards given in the field of anthropomorphism.
Milwaukee Brewers broadcaster Jim Powell was sharing a hotel with Anthrocon 2007 attendees a day before the convention and reported a negative opinion of the furries. Several downtown Pittsburgh businesses welcome furries during the event, with local business owners creating special T-shirts and drawing paw prints in chalk outside their shops to attract attendees. Dr. Samuel Conway, CEO of Anthrocon, said that "For the most part, people give us curious stares, but they're good-natured curious stares. We're here to have fun, people have fun having us here, everybody wins". Positive coverage was generated following a furry convention that was held in a Vancouver hotel where a number of Syrian refugees were being temporarily housed. Despite some concerns and warnings by staff that there could be a seriously negative culture clash if the two groups interacted, the refugee children were on the whole delighted to meet the convention goers, especially the ones in fursuits, who seemed like cartoon characters come to life.
According to Furry survey, about half of furries perceive public reaction to the fandom as negative; less than a fifth stated that the public responded to them more negatively than they did most furries. Furry fans' belief that they will be portrayed as "mainly obsessed with sex" has led to mistrust of the media and social researchers.
In addition, the fandom has grown to be such a significant demographic that by 2016, the film company, Walt Disney Studios marketed their animated feature film, Zootopia in pre-release to the fandom to encourage interest in the film, which proved a major critical and commercial success.
The International Anthropomorphic Research Project (IARP), a team of social scientists from various disciplines led by Plante, Reysen, Roberts, and Gerbasi, has been collecting data on the furry fandom using numerous methodologies. Their 2016 publication collects several peer-reviewed and self-published studies into a single volume. Among their findings were that the average adult furry is between 23 and 27 years of age, with more than 75% of adult furries reporting being 25 years of age or younger, and 88% of adult furries being under the age of 30. Minors were not included in the study for professional ethics reasons.: 4–7 78–85% of furries identify as male, the remaining identify as female; while most are cisgender, 2% are transgender.: 10 83–90% of furries self-identify as White, with small minorities of furries self-identifying as Asian (2–4%), Black (2–3%), and Hispanic (3%).: 7–10 21% of furries consider themselves to be bronies, 44% consider themselves to be anime fans, and 11% consider themselves sport fans.: 32–33 Furries, as a group, are more politically liberal and less religious than the average American or other comparable fan groups such as anime fans,: 18 while still containing contentious groups such as neo-Nazis and alt-right activists whose affiliation is partly in jest and partly in earnest. In terms of religious preference, 23.5% of furries self-identified as Christian, 16.8% as atheist, 16.8% as agnostic, 11.0% as Pagan/Wiccan, 2.4% as Buddhist, 1.2% as Jewish, 1.1% as Deist, 0.9% as Satanist, and 26.2% as "other" (including "participants who had their own belief systems, were undecided, refused to answer, or had uncommon belief systems").: 16 Approximately 70% of adult furries have either completed, or are currently completing post-secondary education.: 12
One of the most universal behaviors in the furry fandom is the creation of a fursona—an anthropomorphic animal representation or avatar. More than 95% of furries have a fursona—an anthropomorphic avatar or representation of themselves. Nearly half of furries report that they have only ever had one fursona to represent themselves; relatively few furries have had more than three or four fursonas; in part, this is due to the fact that, for many furries, their fursonas are a personally significant, meaningful representation of their ideal self. The most popular fursona species include wolves, foxes, dogs, large felines, and dragons. Data suggest that there are generally no associations between personality traits and different fursona species.: 50–74 However, furries, along with sport fans, report different degrees of personality traits when thinking of themselves in their everyday identity compared with their fan identity.: 129–133 Some furries identify as partly non-human: 35% say they do not feel 100% human (compared with 7% of non-furries), and 39% say they would be 0% human if they could (compared with 10% of non-furries).: 78
Inclusion and belongingness are central themes in the furry fandom: compared with members of other fandoms such as anime or fantasy sport, furries are significantly more likely to identify with other members of their fan community. On average, half of a furry's friends are also furry themselves.: 123–133 Furries rate themselves higher (compared with a comparison community sample of non-furries) on degree of global awareness (knowledge of the world and felt connection to others in the world), global citizenship identification (psychological connection with global citizens), and environmental sustainability.: 18
- Staeger, Rob (July 26, 2001). "Invasion of the Furries". The Wayne Suburban. Retrieved May 20, 2009.
- Matthews, Dylan (March 27, 2015). "9 questions about furries you were too embarrassed to ask". Vox. Archived from the original on July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
- Aaron, Michael. "More Than Just a Pretty Face: Unmasking Furry Fandom".
- Kurutz, Daveen Rae (June 17, 2006). "It's a furry weekend". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2006.
- Skinn, Dez. (2004). Comix: the underground revolution. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1-56025-572-2. OCLC 55592337.
- Waller, Reed. (1995). The collected 'Omaha': the cat dancer; Vol. 1. Worley, Kate. (1st Fantagraphics books ed.). Seattle, Wash.: Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 1-56097-161-4. OCLC 122275829.
- Patten, Fred (July 15, 2012). "Retrospective: An Illustrated Chronology of Furry Fandom, 1966–1996". Flayrah. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
- Patten, Fred. "The Yarf! reviews". ANTHRO. Archived from the original on March 13, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2007.
- Sandler, Kevin S. (1998). Reading the Rabbit: Explorations in Warner Bros. Animation. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press. p. 202. ISBN 0-8135-2537-3. OCLC 37890394.
[The distinction between "furry" and "funny animal"] is largely because of the baggage the term 'furry' carries with it, as a number of people see 'furries' [to be] obsessed with the sexuality of their fictitious characters.
- Patten, Fred (2017). Furry Fandom Conventions, 1989-2015. McFarland. 57. ISBN 9781476663814.
- Klee, Miles. "Here's some amazing raw footage from the world's first furry convention". The Daily Dot. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
- Winterman, Denise (November 13, 2009). "Who are the furries?". BBC News Magazine. Retrieved November 29, 2009.
- Stamper, Chris (March 29, 1996). "Furry Muckity-Muck". The Netly News. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved April 13, 2007.
- Gerbasi, Kathleen; Paolone, Nicholas; Higner, Justin; Scaletta, Laura; Bernstein, Penny; Conway, Samuel; Privitera, Adam (2008). "Furries From A to Z (Anthropomorphism to Zoomorphism)" (PDF). Society & Animals. 16 (3): 197–222. doi:10.1163/156853008X323376. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 28, 2018. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Alex "Klisoura" Osaki. "Furry Survey". Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- University of California, Davis Department of Psychology (May 5, 2007). "Furry Survey Results". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- Kyle Evans (2008). "The Furry Sociological Survey" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 4, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- Riggs, Adam (2004). Critter Costuming: Making Mascots and Fabricating Fursuits. Ibexa Press.
- Larson, Alina (January 23, 2003). "Animal Instincts: Fans of Furry Critters Convene to Help Mankind". Tri-Valley Herald. ANG Newspapers. Archived from the original on September 21, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2009.
- "Furries Descend On Pittsburgh". KDKA-TV. June 16, 2006. Archived from the original on January 26, 2007. Retrieved June 30, 2006.
- Irwin, Charles & Watterson, Summer (April 24, 2002). "A 'furry' tale for a foxy college student". The Olympian. Archived from the original on September 11, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
- Gaudio, Greg (August 23, 2008). "Lions and foxes and cat-dragons walk on two legs in Beach". The Virginian-Pilot. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
- Mitchell, Don (March 23, 1995). "From MUDs To Virtual Worlds". Social Computing Group, Microsoft. Archived from the original on May 19, 2009. Retrieved November 6, 2009.
- Howells, Shelley (October 1, 2002). "Secret lives of strange and furry". The New Zealand Herald.
- Gerbasi, Kathleen; Paolone, Nicholas; Higner, Justin; Scaletta, Laura; Bernstein, Penny; Conway, Samuel; Privitera, Adam (2008). "Furries From A to Z (Anthropomorphism to Zoomorphism)". Society & Animals. 3: 205.
- Werner, Christian. "Och, sind die süüüüß!". Zeit Online Zuender (in German). Zeit Online. Archived from the original on September 6, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- Mulligan, Jessica; Patrovsky, Bridgette (2003). Developing Online Games: An Insider's Guide. New Riders. pp. 452. ISBN 1-59273-000-0.
1990 [...] FurryMUCK opens. It features avatars who are anthropomorphic animals.
- Baldwin, Denis (August 2006). "Walk With the Animals: Local furries explain it's not about perversion, furpiles and plush". Ann Arbor Paper. 2 (1). Archived from the original on February 4, 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007.
Many furs' first introduction to the fandom is through on-line MUCKs or MOOs, such as Furry Muck, the graphic FurCadia, or even through sites that try to poke fun at the fandom, such as Something Awful, or Portal of Evil.
- Peralta, Eyder (May 28, 2006). "In Second Life, the World is Yours". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2007.
- Jorgensen, Karl. "What is a furry convention like?". Furry Fandom Infocenter. Archived from the original on September 21, 2019. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- "Anthrocon website official". Anthrocon. Archived from the original on September 24, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
- Brandolph, Adam (June 28, 2008). "Furry convention a $3 million cash cow for city businesses". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on April 14, 2009. Retrieved July 4, 2008.
- Parry, Laurence (January 17, 2010). "2009 charity donations down; $470,000 raised this decade". Flayrah. Archived from the original on January 21, 2010. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- Sonious (Tantroo McNally) (December 4, 2017). "Midwest FurFest usurps Anthrocon's record and becomes the world's largest furry convention". Flayrah. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- "Midwest FurFest 2019 Metrics—Thanks to all our attendees for making this possible—We couldn't have done it without you!". Midwest FurFest. January 20, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020 – via official Facebook account.
- Melissa Meinzer (June 29, 2006). "Animal Passions". Pittsburgh City Paper. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
- The Commodore 64/128 RoundTable (1994). "Interview with Joe Ekaitis". Archived from the original on January 12, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2007.
- "2001 Winners and Nominees". Web Cartoonist's Choice Awards. February 19, 2001. Archived from the original on December 31, 2009. Retrieved December 4, 2007.
- "Award Winners 2003". Ursa Major Awards. Archived from the original on November 9, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- Worthen, Meredith G. F. (September 30, 2021). Sexual Deviance and Society: A Sociological Examination. Routledge. p. 313. ISBN 978-1-000-42106-4.
- "alt.lifestyle.furry - Frequently Asked Questions". May 8, 2001. Archived from the original on August 21, 2006. Retrieved August 26, 2006.
- Gerbasi, Kathleen; Paolone, Nicholas; Higner, Justin; Scaletta, Laura; Bernstein, Penny; Conway, Samuel; Privitera, Adam (2008). "Furries From A to Z (Anthropomorphism to Zoomorphism)". Society & Animals. 3: 220.
- Inc, Gallup (February 24, 2021). "LGBT Identification Rises to 5.6% in Latest U.S. Estimate". Gallup.com. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
- Alex Osaki (June 27, 2008). "State of the Fandom" (PDF). Furry Research Center. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
- Gerbasi; et al. (2011). "International Online Furry Survey: Winter 2011". Archived from the original on March 8, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- Bardzell, Jeffery, and Shaowen Bardzell. Sex-Interface-Aesthetics: The Docile Avatars and Embodied Pixels of Second Life BDSM. Indiana University, 2005.
- Stuttaford, Thomas; Godson, Suzi (December 8, 2007). "I like dressing up as a bear during sex". The Times. London. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2007. (further details)
- Meinzer, Melissa (June 29, 2006). "Animal Passions: The furries come to town—and our correspondent tails along". Pittsburgh City Paper. Archived from the original on August 27, 2007. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- Padva, Gilad (2005). "Dreamboys, Meatmen and Werewolves: Visualizing Erotic Identities in All-Male Comic Strips". Sexualities. 8 (5): 587–99. doi:10.1177/1363460705058395. S2CID 143653150.
- Plante, C. N., Reysen, S., Roberts, S. E., & Gerbasi, K. C. (2013). International Anthropomorphic Research Project: Furry Fiesta 2013 Summary
- Griffiths, Mark (April 5, 2012). "Animal magnetism: Inside the world of the furries". Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
- Story, MD (1982). "A comparison of university student experience with various sexual outlets in 1974 and 1980". Adolescence. 17 (68): 737–47. PMID 7164870.
- Joyal, C. C.; Cossette, A.; Lapierre, V. (2014). "What Exactly Is an Unusual Sexual Fantasy?". The Journal of Sexual Medicine. 12 (2): 328–340. doi:10.1111/jsm.12734. PMID 25359122.
- Crépault, Claude; Couture, Marcel (1980). "Men's erotic fantasies". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 9 (6): 565–81. doi:10.1007/BF01542159. PMID 7458662. S2CID 9021936.
- Josh Quittner (March 1994), "Johnny Manhattan Meets the Furry Muckers", Wired,
People describe themselves as furry cuddly animals; more times than not, they have furry cuddly animal sex. FurryMuckers like to write long, loving, animal-sexy descriptions of themselves
- "Heavy Petting". Loaded magazine. March 1998.
- Gurley, George (March 2001). "Pleasures of the fur". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on March 1, 2011. Retrieved March 22, 2011.
- "Flaming Moe". The Simpsons. Season 22. Episode 11. January 16, 2011. Fox Broadcasting Company.
- "Do Pizza Bots Dream of Electric Guitars". The Simpsons. Season 32. Episode 15. March 14, 2021. Fox Broadcasting Company.
- "Fear of Commitment". ER. Season 7. Episode 20. March 5, 2001. NBC.
- "Fur and Loathing". CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. Season 4. Episode 5. October 30, 2003. CBS.
- "Mama Told Me I Should Come". The Drew Carey Show. Season 8. Episode 6. October 21, 2002. ABC. See The Drew Carey Show on WikiFur for more information.
- MTV. "Sex2K Fursuit Video". Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2006.
- "The Day Fuckers". Entourage. Season 4. Episode 7. July 28, 2007. HBO.
- "Death Over Easy". 1000 Ways to Die. Season 1. Episode 4. February 8, 2009. Spike.
- Jordan (August 10, 2011). "Tosh.O Web Redemption: The Larper". larping. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Markos (September 5, 2013). "Kusa the Arctic Fox gets Web Redemption on Comedy Central's Tosh.0". Furry News Network. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014.
- "Animals". Check It Out! with Dr. Steve Brule. Season 2. Episode 5. April 15, 2012. Adult Swim.
- "Emanuelle Goes to Dinosaur Land". 30 Rock. Season 4. Episode 21. May 13, 2010. NBC.
- Baldwin, Denis (August 2006). "Walk With the Animals: Local furries explain it's not about perversion, furpiles and plush". Ann Arbor Paper. Archived from the original on February 4, 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007.
- Belser, Ann (June 18, 2006). "All about 'furry fandom' at confab". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on June 22, 2006. Retrieved June 30, 2006.
- Togneri, Chris (July 6, 2007). "Furries purr over Pittsburgh reception". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on July 12, 2007. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
- Meinzer, Melissa (February 2, 2006). "Fur Ball In The Works". Pittsburgh City Paper. Archived from the original on August 28, 2007. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- Abel, Jennifer (November 1, 2007). "Hell Hath No Furries". Hartford Advocate. Advocate Weekly Newspapers. Archived from the original on April 26, 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- "Award Winners 2009". Ursa Major Awards. May 3, 2010. Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- TheChainedWolf (March 14, 2010). "Ursa Major Awards 2009: predictions and forlorn hopes". FurteanTimes.com/Flayrah. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "The Brewers Meet the Furries". Deadspin. July 6, 2007. Archived from the original on July 10, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- Parry, Laurence (July 17, 2007). "Anthrocon 2007 draws thousands to Pittsburgh for furry weekend". Wikinews. Archived from the original on March 12, 2009. Retrieved November 6, 2009.
- "Furry Convention Creates Wild Scene In Pittsburgh". WPXI News. June 26, 2008. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2008.
- Ferreras, Jesse (March 10, 2016). "Syrian Refugees Get Put Up in Same Hotel As Furries. Kids LOVE It". The Huffington Post. The Huffington Post B.C. Archived from the original on December 27, 2016. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
- Brennan, Christopher (March 10, 2016). "Syrian refugee children dance with furries after being placed in same hotel as VancouFur convention". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
- Notopoulos, Katie. "Proof Disney Is Actually Marketing "Zootopia" To Furries". Buzzfeed. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
- Gerbasi, Kathleen; Plante, Courtney; Reysen, Stephen; Roberts, Sharon (2015). "The origins of the international anthropomorphic research project". In Howl, Thurston (ed.). Furries among us: Essays on furries by the most prominent members of the fandom. Nashville, TN: Thurston Howl Publications. pp. 102–105. ISBN 978-0990890263.
- Plante, Courtney N.; Reysen, Stephen; Roberts, Sharon E.; Gerbasi, Kathleen C. (2016). FurScience! A summary of five years of research from the International Anthropomorphic Research Project (PDF). Waterloo, Ontario: FurScience. ISBN 978-0-9976288-0-7. Archived from the original on April 24, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
- Roisin Kiberd (January 12, 2017). "Pony Nationalism and the Furred Reich: Inside the Alt-Furry's Online Zoo". Vice Media. Archived from the original on January 15, 2017. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- Ferreday, Debra. "Becoming deer: Nonhuman drag and online utopias." Feminist Theory 12.2 (2011): 219–225.
- Hilton, Craig. "Furry Fandom—An Insider's View from the Outside", parts 1 & 2. South Fur Lands #2 & #3, 1995, 1996.
- Martin, Watts. Mange: the need for criticism in furrydom 1994, 1998 (Archive.org mirror)
- Morgan, Matt. Creature Comfort: Anthropomorphism, Sexuality and Revitalization in the Furry Fandom. Diss. Mississippi State University, 2008.
- Probyn-Rapsey, Fiona. "Furries and the Limits of Species Identity Disorder: A Response to Gerbasi et al." Society and Animals 19.3 (2011): 294–301.
- Plante, C. N., Reysen, S., Roberts, S.E., & Gerbasi, K. C. (2016). FurScience! A summary of Five Years of Research from the International Anthropomorphic Research Project. Waterloo, Ontario: FurScience.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Furry.|