Orte

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Orte
Comune
Comune di Orte
The Romanesque bell tower  of the church of San Silvestro
The Romanesque bell tower
of the church of San Silvestro
Coat of arms of Orte
Coat of arms
Orte is located in Italy
Orte
Orte
Location of Orte in Italy
Coordinates: 42°27′37″N 12°23′11″E / 42.46028°N 12.38639°E / 42.46028; 12.38639
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Viterbo (VT)
Frazioni Orte Scalo
Government
 • Mayor Angelo Giuliani
Area
 • Total 70.16 km2 (27.09 sq mi)
Elevation 132 m (433 ft)
Population (31 December 2014[1])
 • Total 8,982
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ortani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 01028
Dialing code 0761
Patron saint St. Giles Abbot
Saint day September 1
Website Official website

Orte is a town, comune (municipality), former Catholic bishopric and Latin titular see in the province of Viterbo, in the central Italian region Latium Lazio, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Rome and about 24 kilometres (15 mi) east of Viterbo.

Geography[edit]

Orte is situated in the Tiber valley on a high tuff cliff, encircled to North and East from a handle of the Tevere river. It is an important road and rail hub.

History[edit]

The Etruscans inhabited the area from the 6th century BC and called it *Hurta,[2] as testified by the findings in a necropolis nearby, now preserved in the Vatican Museums. Orte was theatre of battles between Etruscans and Romans (310 and 283 BC), near the Vadimone lake, in both of which the Romans were victorious.

The Romans domination made it the municipality of Horta (also Hortanum).[3] Under the rule of Augustus it received numerous public works. Subsequently, because of its strategic position, Orte was occupied by the Ostrogoths, the Byzantines and the Lombards. During the late 9th to early 10th century, it was, along with much of central Italy, a stronghold of, or threatened by the Saracens.[4]

In the Middle Ages the city was never seat of a fief, becoming a free comune under a podestà (elected magistrature). Later it became part of the Papal States.

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

TO ELABORATE

Residential Bishops[edit]

BIOS TO ELABORATE
  • San Lanno ? (III - IV secolo)
  • Giovanni Montano ? (mentioned in 330)
  • San Cassiano ? (in 363)
  • Leone (in 384)[15]
  • Martiniano (o Marziano) ? (in 502)
  • Ubaldo Prosenio ? (in 592)
  • Blando ? (in 598)
  • Calunnioso ? (in 600)
  • Giuliano (in 649)
  • Maurizio (on 743)
  • Adone or Adamo (in 761)
  • Stefano I (in 826)
  • Arsenio (first in 855 - death August 868)[6]
  • Zaccaria (in 869)
  • Stefano II (in 904)
  • Pietro I (in 916)
  • Giorgio (in 963)[16]
  • Lamberto (in 1005)[17]
  • Giovanni I (prima del 1017 - dopo il 1024)[17]
  • Landovino (in 1036)[17]
  • Gregorio (in 1049)[18]
  • Rodolfo (prima del 1126 - dopo il 1149[19])
  • Paolo I (prima del 1168 - dopo il 1196)
  • Paolo II (in 1200 circa)
  • Giovanni II (prima del 6 October 1206 - after 2 October 1212)
  • Guido (1221 - after 1224)
  • Trasimondo (prima del 1239 - dopo il 1243)
  • Giovanni III (in 1248)
  • Pietro II, O.F.M. (12 April 1255 - death after 1259)
  • Corrado (19 December 1284 - ?)
  • Bartolomeo (26 January 1296 - 1298 deceduto)
  • Lorenzo da Velletri, O.F.M. (3 October 1298 - death 1333 or 1334)
  • Nicolò Zabereschi (1 March 1339[20] - death 1362)
  • Giovanni IV (25 July 1363 - ?)
  • Pietro III (in 1365)
  • Giovanni Cappucci[21], O.P. (1366 - death 1393)
  • Paolo Alberti, O.F.M. (12 November 1395[22] - 13 may 1420), next Bishop of Ajaccio )
  • Sante (17 June[23] 1420 - 19 March 1432), next Bishop of Civita Castellana )[24]
  • =? Sancho (? – 1431), next Bishop of Ciudad Rodrigo (Spain) (1431 – 1433)
  • Valentino (19 March 1432 - 15 May 1439), next first Bishop of successor see Civita Castellana and Orte) .

Titular see[edit]

In 1991 the diocese was nominally restored as Latin Titular bishopric of Orte (Italian) / Hortanum (Latin) / Hortan(us) (Latin).

It has had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :

Events[edit]

  • Saint'Egidio Abate's Day and Ottava of Saint'Egidio: from 31 August to the second Sunday in September. A Medieval festival with shows, fairs, conventions, seminaries of study, art exhibitions of art and archery competitions (the "Palio", contented by the archers of the Seven Contrade).
  • Religious procession of Dead Christ: every Friday before Easter. A torchlight procession representing early religions orders ("Confraternite").

Transport[edit]

Orte railway station, opened in 1865, forms part of the Florence–Rome railway and the Ancona–Orte railway. It is situated in Piazza Giovanni XXIII, in the locality of Orte Scalo, approximately two kilometres southeast of the town centre.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demographic data from ISTAT
  2. ^ Chiesa, Tarquinia: archeologia e prosopografia tra ellenismo e romanizzazione, 2006, p.267.
  3. ^ John Murray, A dictionary of Greek and Roman geography, Volume 1, 1873, p.1091
  4. ^ Peter Partner (1 Jan 1972). The Lands of St. Peter: The Papal State in the Middle Ages and the Early Renaissance (illustrated ed.). University of California Press. p. 81. ISBN 9780520021815. 

Sources and external links[edit]

Media related to Orte at Wikimedia Commons

Bibliography - ecclesiastical history
  • Ferdinando Ughelli, Italia sacra, vol. I, second edition, Venice 1717, coll. 733-743
  • Tommaso M. Mamachi, De episcopatus hortani antiquitate ad hortanos cives liber singularis, Rome 1759
  • Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia della loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, vol. VI, Venice 1847, pp. 23–49
  • Louis Duchesne, Le sedi episcopali nell'antico ducato di Roma, in Archivio della romana società di storia patria, Volume XV, Rome 1892, p. 491
  • Paul Fridolin Kehr, Italia Pontificia, vol. II, Berlin 1907, pp. 192–194
  • Gerhard Schwartz, Die Besetzung der Bistümer Reichsitaliens unter den Sächsischen und Salischen Kaisern : mit den Listen der Bischöfe, 951-1122, Leipzig-Berlin 1913, p. 259
  • Francesco Lanzoni, Le diocesi d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (an. 604), vol. I, Faenza 1927, pp. 546–547
  • Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, pp. 685–686
  • Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, pp. 278–279; vol. 2, pp. XXVI e 166