V339 Delphini

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V339 Delphini
Nova Delphini 2013
Nova Delphini 2013 in night sky- It is marked in the image 2013-08-18 14-49.jpg
Nova Delphini 2013 (marked)
Observational data
Epoch: J2000.0 [1]
Constellation: Delphinus
Right ascension: 20h 23m 30.68s [1]
Declination: +20° 46′ 03.8″ [1]
Physical attributes
Other designations
V339 Delphini, V339 Del,[1] Nova Delphini 2013, Nova Del 2013,[1] PNV J20233073+2046041,[1] PNV J2023+2046

V339 Delphini or Nova Delphini 2013 (PNV J20233073+2046041) is a bright nova star in the constellation Delphinus. It was discovered on 14 August 2013 by amateur astronomer Koichi Itagaki in Japan and confirmed by the Liverpool Telescope on La Palma. The nova appeared with a magnitude 6.8 when it was discovered and peaked at magnitude 4.3 on 16 August 2013.[2][3][4] A nova is produced by the fusion of accumulated material on the white dwarf nova progenitor acquired from its companion star. The nova system is thus a binary star, and a classical nova.[5]

V339 Del is the first nova that has been observed to synthesize the element lithium. Production of lithium-7 from the decay of beryllium-7, which was observed in the wind blown out of the nova. This is the first direct evidence of the supply of lithium to the interstellar medium by an astronomical object. Lithium-7 is fragile in the environment at the center of a nova, so being blown out of the environment at the center is necessary for the observation of lithium. The beryllium was produced by the fusion of helium-3 with helium-4. Nucleosynthesis of lithium is important in the study of chemical abundances in the universe.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "NOVA Del 2013 -- Nova". SIMBAD. Retrieved 2015-02-20. 
  2. ^ "Light Curve Generator: AAVSO Data for Nova DEL 2013". American Association of Variable Star Observers. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Bob King (14 August 2013). "Bright New Nova In Delphinus — You can See it Tonight With Binoculars". Universe Today. 
  4. ^ Robin Burks (27 October 2014). "Astronomers observe exploding fireball stage of nova". Tech Times. 
  5. ^ a b "Classical nova explosions are major lithium factories in the universe". Science Daily. 19 February 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 20h 23m 30.68s, +20° 46′ 3.7″