Nova Centauri 2013
Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0
|Right ascension||13h 54m 47.00s|
|Declination||−59° 09′ 08.0″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||3.3 (max)|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: -11.2 mas/yr |
Dec.: -21.7 mas/yr
Nova Cen 2013 or V1369 Cen (PNV J13544700-5909080) was a bright nova in the constellation Centaurus. It was discovered on December 2, 2013 by amateur astronomer John Seach in Australia with a magnitude of 5.5. On December 14, 2013 it peaked at about magnitude 3.3, making it the brightest nova so far of this millennium.
Nova Centauri 2013 was observed emitting gamma-rays between 7–10 December 2013 by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. The nova continued to brighten in gamma-rays and the peak coincided with the second optical maximum on 11 December 2013.
The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission detected X-ray emission from Nova Centauri 2013 on 18 and 25 February 2014 and 8 March 2014.
In July 2015 it was announced that lithium has been detected in material ejected from Nova Centauri 2013. This is the first time lithium has been detected in a nova system.[dubious ] The amount detected was less than a billionth of the mass of the Sun. This finding is significant because it supports a theory that the extra lithium found in Population I stars (compared to Population II stars) comes from novae.
- "Brand New Image of Nova Centauri 2013". ESO Picture of the Week. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- "NOVA Cen 2013 – Nova". SIMBAD. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
- Dickinson, David (2013-12-04). "A Naked Eye Nova Erupts in Centaurus". Universe Today. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- "Alert Notice 492: Nova Centauri 2013 = PNV J13544700-5909080". American Association of Variable Star Observers. 2013-12-04. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- IAU Circ., 9266, 2 (2013). Edited by Green, D. W. E.
- Astronomer's Telegram #5649
- Astronomer's Telegram #5653
- Astronomer's Telegram #5966
- "First Detection of Lithium from an Exploding Star". ESO. Archived from the original on 29 July 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams – Transient Object Followup Reports – PNV J13544700-5909080
- Naked-Eye Nova in Centaurus
- Light Curve Generator: AAVSO Data for Nova CEN 2013
- International Variable Star Index
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