Pabradė

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Pabradė
City
Skyline of Pabradė
Official seal of Pabradė
Seal
Pabradė is located in Lithuania
Pabradė
Pabradė
Location of Pabradė
Coordinates: 54°59′0″N 25°47′0″E / 54.98333°N 25.78333°E / 54.98333; 25.78333Coordinates: 54°59′0″N 25°47′0″E / 54.98333°N 25.78333°E / 54.98333; 25.78333
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Aukštaitija
County Vilnius County
Municipality Švenčionys district municipality
Eldership Pabradė eldership
Capital of Pabradė eldership
First mentioned 15th century
Granted city rights 1946
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,994
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Pabradė (About this sound pronunciation ) (Polish: Podbrodzie, Belarusian: Падбродзе, Russian: Подбродзье) is a city in Lithuania, in Švenčionys district municipality, on Žeimena river, 38 km south-west of Švenčionys.

Pabradė is a busy place as the VilniusDaugavpils railway is close to the city. It was quite a small settlement until the 19th century, when the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway was built in 1862.

History[edit]

About 850 Jews lived in the town in 1939, comprising one third of the total population. After June 1941, at the very beginning of the occupation, about a dozen Jews were executed for alleged collaboration with the Soviets. In the middle of July, Lithuanian policemen arrested about 60 Jews and shot them behind the mill. On September 1, the rest of the Jewish population was moved into a ghetto that was established on two streets, previously inhabited by Christians. The ghetto was open, so many of its residents escaped at the end of the month, after rumors about the forthcoming Aktion had spread. Over 100 Jews who were interred in the ghetto or who were recaptured were escorted to the military training camp in Švenčionėliai and shot on October 8–10, along with thousands of other Jews assembled there.[1] Policemen continued searching for Jewish escapees, gathered them in groups and shot them on the outskirts of town.[2]

Population[edit]

In 2011, the city's population was composed of Poles - 44,73% (2681), Lithuanians – 26,81% (1607), Russians - 18,45% (1106), Belarusians - 5,27% (316), Ukrainians - 1,17% (70), others - 3,57% (214).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved 15 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "YAHAD - IN UNUM". yahadmap.org. Retrieved 15 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "Miestų gyventojai pagal tautybę 2011". osp.stat.gov.lt. Retrieved 30 April 2017. 

External links[edit]