Pata Pata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Pata Pata"
Pata Pata by Miriam Makeba German vinyl single.jpg
Artwork for German vinyl single
Single by Miriam Makeba
from the album Pata Pata
Released November 1967
Format 7" single/12" single
Recorded 1967
Label Reprise
Songwriter(s) Miriam Makeba and Jerry Ragovoy
Alternative release
A-side label of US vinyl single
A-side label of US vinyl single

"Pata Pata" is a Afro-pop dance song popularized internationally by South African singer Miriam Makeba. "Pata Pata" is credited to Makeba and Jerry Ragovoy. Her most popular recording of "Pata Pata" was recorded and released in the United States in 1967.[1][2] The song is considered by many to be Makeba's signature hit and it has since been covered by many artists.

Origins[edit]

The song's title "Pata Pata" means "touch touch" in the Xhosa language, in which the song was originally written and sung.[2] "Pata Pata" was also the name of a style of dance that was popular in the shebeens of Johannesburg's Townships[3] in the mid-1950s. The dancer crouched before his partner[4] and patted her body to the rhythm of the music as he rose up and she spun around, making hip circles.[5][6][7] In another version of the dance,

The male dancers stand in a row with their arms extended out to the front, palms to the floor, while the women pat each in turn in a manner resembling security search body-frisking, after which the men do the same to the women.[8]

Makeba's "Pata Pata" was not the only song inspired by the "Pata Pata" dance.[9] Her "Pata Pata" melody was based on an instrumental "Phatha Phatha" by Shumi Ntutu and Isaac Nkosi, which was in turn based on "Noma Kumnyama" by Alson Mkhize.[9] The popular 1956 "Ei Yow Phata Phata"[10] by Dorothy Masuka was distinctly different from Makeba's,[9] but in later years, Masuka made her own recording of the version made popular by Makeba. Masuka claimed that she herself had written it.[11]

Recordings[edit]

Makeba's "Pata Pata" was originally sung, recorded, and released in South Africa by Makeba's girl group The Skylarks [12] in 1959.[9] In 1967, after establishing a successful singing career in the US, Makeba re-recorded the song with Jerry Ragovoy producing, and with an added spoken part in English. It was released in the United States on Makeba's studio album of the same name.[2]

The original version of Pata Pata is included on Pata Pata (released 1972), The Best of the Early Years (Miriam Makeba), a collection of 24 tracks released in 2002 by Wrasse, and the 40-track compilation Her Essential Recordings: The Empress of African Song (2006 Manteca).

In 1988, a duet version with Chayanne was made. It was included in the album Chayanne. Makeba released a renovated version of the song, entitled "Pata Pata 2000", in her 2000 album Homeland.

Reception[edit]

Makeba's 1967 version was successful on the Billboard Hot 100, and peaked at No. 12.[13]

On the night she died, Miriam Makeba performed Pata Pata just before she collapsed on stage.[14][15]

Cover versions[edit]

The song has also been covered by Angélique Kidjo, DJ Mellow-D, Howard Carpendale and La Lupe.

Charts[edit]

Charts (1967) Peak
position
US Billboard Hot 100 12
US Billboard R&B Singles 7

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nkrumah, Gamal (17 November 2001). "Mama Africa". Profile. Cairo, Egypt: Al-Ahram Weekly. Archived from the original on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Pata Pata Miriam Makeba – Watch The Video And Read The Lyrics". African-music-safari.com. 6 December 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  3. ^ "King Kong, Kwela, And The Shebeen Queens". New Internationalist. 1 April 1981. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  4. ^ https://i0.wp.com/www.atablefortwo.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/tsotsi-shebeen-12.jpg.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Tenaille, Frank (2002). Music is the Weapon of the Future: Fifty Years of African Popular Music. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 9781556524509. 
  6. ^ Ansell, Gwen (28 September 2005). Soweto Blues: Jazz, Popular Music, and Politics in South Africa. A&C Black. ISBN 9780826417534. 
  7. ^ Phenix Dance Productions (19 March 2010), Phata Phata Dancers, retrieved 10 September 2017 
  8. ^ Lucia, Christine (26 March 2009). The World of South African Music: A Reader. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 9781443807791. 
  9. ^ a b c d ALLINGHAM, Rob (2009). "FROM "NOMA KUMNYAMA" TO "PATA PATA": A HISTORY". African Music. 8 (3): 117-131. 
  10. ^ Gallo Music (2 April 2015), El Yow Phata Phata, retrieved 10 September 2017 
  11. ^ http://www.originals.be/en/originals/11563.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ Monahan, Kevin (13 September 2012). "Monahan's Song of the Week: Miriam Makeba: Pata Pata (1967)". Monahan's Song of the Week. Retrieved 6 September 2017. 
  13. ^ Craig Harris. "Miriam Makeba | Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  14. ^ Press, CELEAN JACOBSON, The Associated. "South African musical legend Miriam Makeba dies". sandiegouniontribune.com. Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  15. ^ "SINGER MIRIAM MAKEBA DIES AFTER COLLAPSING ON STAGE". Amoeblog. Retrieved 7 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "Lynn Taitt". Reggaerecord.com. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Matt Collar (18 June 2002). "Surrender – Jonathan Butler | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 October 2006. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2012. 

External links[edit]