Pedro Avilés Pérez

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Pedro Avilés Pérez
Born(1938-07-13)July 13, 1938
DiedSeptember 15, 1978(1978-09-15) (aged 40)[2]
Culiacan, Sinaloa
Cause of deathShot by Federal Police
OccupationDrug trafficking
Known forDrug lord; pioneered the use of aircraft to smuggle drugs to the United States
Partner(s)Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo, Juan José Esparragoza Moreno, Rafael Caro Quintero

Pedro Avilés Pérez, also known as "El León de la Sierra" (English: "The Mountain Lion"),[3][4] was a Mexican drug lord in the state of Sinaloa in the late 1960s.

He is considered to be the first generation of major Mexican drug smugglers of marijuana.[5] He was also the first known drug lord to use an aircraft to smuggle drugs to the United States.[6]


Second-generation Sinaloan traffickers such as Rafael Caro Quintero and Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo would claim they learned all they knew about drug trafficking while serving in the Avilés organization. Killed in a shootout with the Federal Police in September 1978,[6] it is believed Avilés was set up by Fonseca Carrillo, the cartel's treasurer. Caro Quintero, Aviles' foreman in Chihuahua, began acquiring marijuana and poppy plantations. Corruption of state officials was brokered by Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, an emerging capo who had spent time in Sinaloa working as a Sinaloan State Police trooper and serving as bodyguard to Leopoldo Sánchez Celis, governor of Sinaloa.


  1. ^ "Cuna de narcos se hunde en la miseria". El Universal (in Spanish). 20 February 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  2. ^ Mitología del "narcotraficante" en México. By Luis Alejandro Astorga Almanza. Publisher: Plaza y Valdes, 1995. ISBN 968-856-386-2, ISBN 978-968-856-386-1
  3. ^
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  5. ^ McRae, Patricia B. (1998). "Reconceptualizing the Illegal Narcotics Trade and Its Effect on the Colombian and the Mexican State". Muhlenberg College - Department of Political Science. Historical Text Archive. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
  6. ^ a b Narco historias sonorenses Archived 2009-02-05 at the Wayback Machine