Rafael Aguilar Guajardo
|Rafael Aguilar Guajardo|
|Born||Rafael Aguilar Guajardo
Reynosa, Tamaulipas, Mexico
|Died||April 12, 1993 (aged 43)
Cancún, Quintana Roo, Mexico
|Cause of death||Gun shots|
|Known for||Juárez Cartel founder|
|Successor||Amado Carrillo Fuentes|
Rafael Aguilar Guajardo (1950 - April 12, 1993) was a Mexican drug lord and federal police commander of the National Security and Investigation Center (CISEN) in Mexico. Also, he was one of the Juárez Cartel co-founders.
When his right-hand man, Pablo Acosta Villarreal was killed in April 1987 during a cross-border raid by Mexican Federal Police helicopters in the Rio Grande village of Santa Elena, Chihuahua, Rafael Aguilar Guajardo made Amado Carrillo Fuentes his second-in-command.
Rafael Aguilar Guajardo, considered by most to be the true founder of the Juarez Cartel, was a former federal police officer who had amassed a huge network of police and politicians in favor of his drug trafficking. He decided to set up shop in the centrally located border area of Ciudad Juarez. He then set the framework which allowed the Juarez Cartel to run seamlessly.
In the late 1980's the dominant cartel in Mexico, the Guadalajara Cartel, began to phase its public presence out. Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, known as the godfather of Mexican drug lords, started delegating out trafficking plazas to local groups in their respective corridors. This allowed the local groups to oversee operations, while Felix Gallardo sat back and took in his cuts. Most of his delegates were local Sinaloan's who had moved to the border for trafficking purposes. This process quickly allowed the Juarez cartel to become a powerful force, as its corridors were the most valuable.
Guajardo, one of the few drug lords in Mexico who was not from Sinaloa was now running the Juarez corridors independently and was credited with helping transform the role of Mexican drug traffickers. From what simply used to be marijuana and opium traffickers, became traffickers of more profitable drugs like Colombian cocaine. He created strong bonds with Colombian cartels to help push cocaine into the United States. He went from buying on credit to buying the products wholesale. This was a new trend, as most groups were unable to buy huge shipments up front. By doing this he paid less and made more.
The oldest Carrillo Fuentes brother, Amado, became second in charge behind Guajardo. The Carrillo Fuentes brothers were born in Sinaloa like many of the major traffickers of Mexico were. They were the nephews of one of the original Guadalajara Cartel leaders. This helped propel them into trafficking royalty.
Guajardo grew his empire over the years but met his demise in Cancun in 1993. He was shot and killed by Mexican federal police in front of his family while on vacation in the Yucatan. It is believed he was sought heavily after he threatened to reveal high ranking government officials who were working for him.
Mexican police reported that Carlos Maya Castillo, an official also working at the National Security and Investigation Center, assisted Aguilar with information, reservations, provided him with cell phones and recruited corrupt police agents for Aguilar's criminal organization.
Two days after threatening to reveal his high-level Mexican government contacts, Amado Carrillo Fuentes took over the reins of power in Juárez cartel after assassinating its boss, Rafael Aguilar Guajardo, and setting off the city’s worst and ongoing bout of criminal violence. Aguilar's assets seized by the Attorney General of Mexico (PGR) were valued at $100 million, and they included night clubs, houses and a 7000 m² property in Acapulco.
- Marjorie Miller (April 15, 1993). "Suspected Drug Lord Shot to Death at Mexican Resort: Narcotics: He was vacationing with his family. A Colorado woman also is killed in the Cancun attack.". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 23, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- Getty, Mark (January 2004). "Mexico's Forgotten Disappeared: The Victims of the Border Narco Bloodbath". Frontera NorteSur. New Mexico State University. Archived from the original on October 4, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- Poppa, Terrence (2009). "Comandante Guillermo Gonzalez Calderoni". Retrieved August 18, 2009.
- González, Héctor A. (February 21, 2007). "Los prófugos del salinato". El Diario (in Spanish) (Mexico City). Agencia Mexicana de Información. Archived from the original on October 4, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- Poppa, Terrence E. (1998). Drug lord: the life and death of a Mexican kingpin: a true story (2 ed.). Demand Publications. p. 364. ISBN 0966443004. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
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