Penny Marshall in 1976
Carole Penny Marshall|
October 15, 1943
The Bronx, New York City, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of New Mexico|
|Occupation||Actress, director, producer|
(m. 1961; div. 1963)
(m. 1971; div. 1981)
Garry Marshall (brother, deceased)|
Ronny Hallin (sister)
Carole Penny Marshall (born October 15, 1943) is an American actress, director and producer. She is the daughter of Marjorie Marshall, a tap dance teacher, and Tony Marshall, a film director and producer. Her parents' background in entertainment, along with her brother, Garry Marshall's, background as a comedy writer and her sister's background as a casting director and producer, gave rise to Marshall's career in the industry. She rose to fame in the 1970s for her role as Laverne DeFazio on the television sitcom Laverne & Shirley (1976–1983), receiving three nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy for her portrayal.
Marshall progressed to directing films in the 1980s, making her directorial debut with Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) before directing Big (1988), which became the first film directed by a woman to gross in excess of $100 million at the U.S. box office. Her subsequent directing credits have included Awakenings (1990), which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, A League of Their Own (1992), Renaissance Man (1994), The Preacher's Wife (1996), and Riding in Cars with Boys (2001). She has also produced Cinderella Man (2005) and Bewitched (2005), as well as episodes of the sitcom According to Jim.
Carole Penny Marshall was born in The Bronx, New York City, New York, on October 15, 1943, to Marjorie Irene (née Ward; 1908–1983), a tap dance teacher who ran the Marjorie Marshall Dance School, and Anthony "Tony" Masciarelli (1906–1999), later Marshall, a director of industrial films and later a producer. She is the sister of actor/director/TV producer Garry Marshall and Ronny Hallin, a television producer. She began her career as a tap dancer at age three, and later taught tap at her mother's dance school. Her birth name, Carole, was selected because her mother's favorite actress was Carole Lombard. Her middle name was selected because her older sister, Ronny, wanting a horse in the Bronx, was saving her pennies; her mother chose the middle name in an attempt to console her.
Her father was of Italian descent, his family having come from Abruzzo, and her mother was of German, English, and Scottish descent; Marshall's father changed his last name from Masciarelli to Marshall before she was born. Religion played no role in the Marshall children's lives. Garry Marshall was christened Episcopalian, Ronny was Lutheran, and Marshall was confirmed in a Congregational Church, because "[Mother] sent us anyplace that had a hall where she could put on a recital. If she hadn't needed performance space, we wouldn't have bothered."
She grew up at 3235 Grand Concourse, the Bronx, a very long street that was also the childhood home of Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Calvin Klein, and Ralph Lauren. She began her career as a tap dancer at age three, and later taught tap at her mother's dance school. She graduated from Walton High School , a private girls' high school in New York and then went to University of New Mexico for 2 1/2 years where she studied math and psychology. There, Marshall got pregnant with daughter, Tracy Reiner, and soon after married the father, Michael Henry, in 1961. The couple divorced two years later in 1963. She married Rob Reiner on April 10, 1971. In 1967, she moved to Los Angeles to join her older brother Garry Marshall, a writer whose credits at the time included TV's The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–1966).
She first appeared on a television commercial for Head and Shoulders beautifying shampoo. She was hired to play a girl with stringy, unattractive hair, and Farrah Fawcett was hired to play a girl with thick, bouncy hair. As the crew was lighting the set, Marshall's stand-in wore a placard that read "Homely Girl" and Fawcett's stand-in wore a placard that said "Pretty Girl". Farrah Fawcett, sensing Marshall's insecurity about her looks, crossed out "Homely" on the Marshall stand-in placard and wrote "Plain". Marshall and another actress Billie Hayes were the only two auditioned for the role of Witchiepoo for H.R. Pufnstuf, produced by Sid and Marty Krofft. Marshall thought that she wasn't right for the part. Hayes got the role.
After her divorce, Marshall worked as a secretary, and raised her daughter alone. She accepted an offer from her brother to appear in a movie he had written and was producing, called How Sweet It Is (1968). She landed another small role in the film The Savage Seven (1968), as well as a guest appearance on the hit television series That Girl, starring Marlo Thomas. In 1970, Garry Marshall became the executive producer of the television series The Odd Couple. In 1971, Penny Marshall was added to the permanent cast to play Oscar's secretary, Myrna and held the role for four years. In Marshall's final appearance on "The Odd Couple", her character, Myrna, married her boyfriend, Sheldn ("They forgot the 'o' on his birth certificate; legally, it's 'Sheldn'"), played by her then-real-life husband, Rob Reiner. The episode included Marshall's real-life siblings, Garry and Ronny, as Myrna's brother and sister, Werner Turner and Verna Turner. Before appearing on The Odd Couple, Marshall was considered for the role of Gloria Bunker Stivic on All in the Family. She ultimately lost the part to Sally Struthers while her husband, Rob Reiner, was cast as Gloria's husband, Michael "Meathead" Stivic.
While she was on The Odd Couple, Marshall played small roles in TV movies such as Evil Roy Slade (1972), starring Mickey Rooney (and produced by brother Garry); The Crooked Hearts (1972) starring Douglas Fairbanks Jr., in which she played a waitress; The Couple Takes a Wife, starring Bill Bixby; and Wacky Zoo of Morgan City (1972). From 1972 to 1973, she appeared as a regular on The Bob Newhart Show and kept up her role on The Odd Couple. In 1974, James L. Brooks and Allan Burns, executive producers of the hit situation comedy, The Mary Tyler Moore Show, cast Marshall as Janice Dreyfuss, sister-in-law to Paul Dreyfuss (played by actor Paul Sand) in the series, Paul Sand in Friends and Lovers. It aired on CBS-TV Saturday nights beginning September 14, 1974, as part of the powerhouse lineup of All in the Family, The Mary Tyler Moore Show, The Bob Newhart Show, and The Carol Burnett Show. Despite good reviews and decent ratings, it was canceled mid-season. Brooks and Burns, along with studio head Grant Tinker were so impressed with Marshall's comedic talent that the following season, they hired Marshall and actress Mary Kay Place to play Mary Richards' new neighbors (Paula and Sally Jo, respectively) on The Mary Tyler Moore Show, after Mary moved into her new apartment in a high-rise. Then Garry Marshall, creator/part-time writer for Happy Days, cast Marshall and Cindy Williams to guest on an episode of that show. The installment, titled "A Date with Fonzie", aired on November 11, 1975 and introduced the characters LaVerne DeFazio and Shirley Feeney (played by Marshall and Williams, respectively). In that episode, Laverne and Shirley were a pair of wise-cracking brewery workers, who were dates for Fonzie (played by Winkler) and Richie (played by Howard). The pair were such a hit with the studio audience that Garry Marshall decided to co-create and star them in a hit spin-off, Laverne & Shirley (1976–1983). The characters of Laverne and Shirley also appeared in five more episodes of Happy Days. In 1982 at the beginning of "Leverne and Shirley"'s eighth season, Williams left the show due to her pregnancy. Marshall continued with the show, but it was canceled after the season's final episode aired in May 1983. It would take a few years before both actresses reconciled.
In 1983, while still filming Laverne and Shirley, Marshall guest-starred on Taxi in a cameo appearance as herself. In the Taxi episode "Louie Moves Uptown", Marshall is turned down for residency in a new high-rise condo in Manhattan. The Laverne and Shirley episode "Lost in Spacesuits" is referenced in the scene.
She lent her voice to Ms. Botz aka Ms. Botzcowski, the "babysitter bandit", on the first produced episode of The Simpsons, and played a cameo role as herself on the HBO series Entourage. She also made a cameo appearance alongside her brother Garry in the Disney Halloween-themed movie Hocus Pocus as husband and wife.
At the encouragement of her brother, Marshall became interested in directing. While starring on Laverne & Shirley, Penny made her debut as a director and directed several episodes. She directed four episodes of Laverne and Shirley and other TV assignments. In 1979, she directed several episodes of the short-lived sitcom Working Stiffs, starring Michael Keaton and James Belushi.She soon moved on to theatrical films, her first film being Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) starring Whoopi Goldberg. She got this gig when the first director dropped out. She also gave her daughter Tracy and her brother Garry roles in the film.
Marshall has directed several successful feature films since the mid-1980s, including 1988's Big starring Tom Hanks (the first film directed by a woman to gross over US$100 million), Awakenings (1990) starring Robin Williams and Robert De Niro, A League of Their Own (1992) with Geena Davis, Tom Hanks, Madonna and Rosie O'Donnell, and The Preacher's Wife (1996) starring Denzel Washington and Whitney Houston. In 1991, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award.
Marshall worked as a secretary and later as a tap dance teacher. The marriage lasted 3 years. On April 10, 1971, Marshall married actor/director Rob Reiner, who adopted her daughter and gave her his last name. Her marriage to Reiner ended in 1981 but Reiner and Marshall have five grandchildren.
Marshall had a brief relationship with singer Art Garfunkel in the mid-1980s, and he credits her with helping him through his depression. Their friendship stayed strong even after their romantic relationship ended. Garfunkel would later say of Marshall, "Everything changed. Penny is a sweet human being who can bring anybody down to earth. We had a lot of laughs, great sex, and a ton of party nights."
|1968||The Savage Seven||Tina|
|1968||How Sweet It Is!||Tour Girl|
|1970||The Grasshopper||Plaster Caster|
|1970||Where's Poppa?||Courtroom Spectator||Uncredited role|
|1975||How Come Nobody's on Our Side?||Theresa||aka Capers|
|1979||1941||Miss Fitzroy||Uncredited role|
|1985||Movers & Shakers||Reva|
|1991||The Hard Way||Angie|
|1993||Hocus Pocus||The Master's Wife||Uncredited role|
|1998||The Emperor's New Clothes: An All-Star Illustrated Retelling of the Classic Fairy Tale||The Imperial Lady-in-Waiting #2||Voice|
|2000||High Fidelity||Funeral Attendee||Uncredited role|
|2004||Stateside||Lt. Chevetone||Uncredited role|
|2005||Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World||Herself||Cameo|
|2007||Everybody Wants to Be Italian||Teresa the Florist|
|2007||Alice Upside Down||Mrs. Plotkin||Direct-to-video film|
|2007||Blonde Ambition||Bolo Executive|
|2011||New Year's Eve||Herself – Ahern Party|
|2014||Going to America||Herself – Famous Director|
|2015||Scooby-Doo! and Kiss: Rock and Roll Mystery||The Elder (voice)||Direct-to-video film|
|1986||Jumpin' Jack Flash|
|1990||Awakenings||Also Executive producer|
|1992||A League of Their Own||Also Executive producer|
|1994||Renaissance Man||Also Executive producer|
|1996||The Preacher's Wife|
|2001||Riding in Cars with Boys|
|1993||Calendar Girl||Executive producer|
|1996||Getting Away with Murder||Producer|
|1998||With Friends Like These...||Producer|
|1968–1969||That Girl||Assistant Librarian / Joan||Episodes: "Secret Ballot", "Fix My Screen & Bug Out"|
|1969||My Friend Tony||Janet||Episode: "Computer Murder"|
|1969||Then Came Bronson||Claire||Episode: "The Runner"|
|1970||Love, American Style||Mary Agnes||Episode: "Love and the Pick-Up" segment|
|1970||Barefoot in the Park||Episode: "In Sickness and in Health"|
|1970||The Wonderful World of Disney||Mayor's Secretary||Episodes: "The Wacky Zoo of Morgan City" (Parts 1 & 2)|
|1971||The Feminist and the Fuzz||Liberation Lady||Television film|
|1971||Getting Together||Mona||Episode: "Those Oldies But Goodies Remind Me of You"|
|1972–1974||The Odd Couple||Myrna Turner||27 episodes|
|1972||Evil Roy Slade||Bank Teller||Television film|
|1972||The Super||Janice||Episode: "The Matchmaker|
|1972||The Bob Newhart Show||Stewardess||Episode: "Fly the Unfriendly Skies"|
|1972||The Crooked Hearts||Waitress||Television film|
|1972||The Couple Takes a Wife||Paula||Television film|
|1973||Banacek||Receptionist||Episode: "The Greatest Collection of Them All"|
|1974–1975||Paul Sand in Friends and Lovers||Janice Dreyfuss||14 episodes|
|1974–1976||The Mary Tyler Moore Show||Toni / Paula Kovacs||Episodes: "I Was a Single for WJM", "Murray in Love", "Menage-a-Lou"|
|1975||Let's Switch!||Alice Wright||Television film|
|1975||Chico and the Man||Anita Cappuccino||Episode: "Chico and the Van"|
|1975||Saturday Night Live||Herself||Episode: "Rob Reiner"|
|1975–1979||Happy Days||Laverne DeFazio||5 episodes|
|1976||Good Heavens||Episode: "Take Me Out to the Ball Game"|
|1976–1983||Laverne & Shirley||Laverne DeFazio||178 episodes|
|1977||Saturday Night Live||Herself||Episode: "Live from Mardi Gras"|
|1977||Blansky's Beauties||Laverne DeFazio||Episode: "Nancy Remembers Laverne"|
|1978||Mork & Mindy||Laverne DeFazio||Episode: "Pilot"|
|1978||More Than Friends||Matty Perlman||Television film|
|1979||Carol Burnett & Company||Herself||Episode #1.3|
|1981||Laverne & Shirley in the Army||Laverne DeFazio (voice)||13 episodes|
|1982||Mork & Mindy/Laverne & Shirley/Fonz Hour||Laverne DeFazio (voice)||8 episodes (Laverne & Shirley with the Fonz segment)|
|1984||The New Show||Various Characters||Episode #1.4|
|1984||Love Thy Neighbor||Linda Wilson||Television film|
|1985||Challenge of a Lifetime||Nora Schoonover||Television film|
|1990||The Simpsons||Ms. Botz (voice)||Episode: "Some Enchanted Evening"|
|1993||The Odd Couple: Together Again||Myrna||Television film|
|1996||Saturday Night Live||Various Characters||Episode: "Rosie O'Donnell/Whitney Houston"|
|1998||Nash Bridges||Iris Heller||Episode: "Skin Deep"|
|2004||Frasier||Celeste (voice)||Episode: "Frasier-Liste"|
|2006||Campus Ladies||Episode: "Webcam"|
|2006||Bones||Herself||Episode: "The Woman at the Airport"|
|2008||The Game||Doris Fox||Episode: "A Delectable Basket of Treats"|
|2012||The Life & Times of Tim||PR Executive (voice)||Episode: "The Smug Chiropractor/Corporate Disaster"|
|2012||Portlandia||Barbara||Episode: "Feminist Book Store 10th Anniversary"|
|2013||Sam & Cat||Sylvia Burke||Episode: "#SalmonCat"|
|2014||Mulaney||Tutti||Episode: "Sweet Jane"|
|2016||The Odd Couple||Patty Dombrowski||Episode: "Taffy Days"|
|1979||Working Stiffs||1 episode: "The Preview Presentation"|
|1979–1981||Laverne & Shirley||4 episodes: "Squiggy in Love", "The Duke of Squigman", "The Dating Game", "But Seriously, Folks"|
|1993||A League of Their Own||1 episode: "Dottie's Back"|
|2009||According to Jim||2 episodes: "The Yoga Bear", "Physical Therapy"|
|2010–2011||United States of Tara||2 episodes: "Explosive Diorama", "Wheels"|
|1993||A League of Their Own||Producer, TV series|
|1997||Heaven Will Wait||Executive producer, TV pilot|
|2004||Crossover||Executive producer, TV documentary|
- 1979: Golden Globe—Best Performance by an Actress in a Television Series—Musical or Comedy: Nominee
- 1978: Golden Globe—Best Performance by an Actress in a Television Series—Musical or Comedy: Nominee
- 1980: Golden Globe Nominee—Best Actress in a Television Series—Comedy or Musical Laverne & Shirley
- 1988: Venice Film Festival Winner—Children and Cinema Award—Special Mention for Big (1988)
- 1990: Saturn Award Nominee—Best Director for film Big (1988) (Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films USA)
- 1992: American Comedy Awards Winner—Creative Achievement Award
- 1992: Hochi Film Awards winner—Best Foreign Film for A League of Their Own
- 1994: New York Women in Film and Television winner of Muse Award
- 1995: Flaiano International Prizes Winner—Career Award in Cinema
- 1997: Elle Women in Hollywood Awards Winner—Icon Award (shared with Meryl Streep, Jane Campion, and Laura Ziskin)
- 1998: Munich Film Festival Winner of High Hopes Award for With Friends Like These...
- 2000: Online Film & Television Association Winner—OFTA TV Hall of Fame
- 2002: Cabourg Romantic Film Festival—Golden Swann Winner for film Riding in Cars with Boys (2001)
- 2004, Star on the Walk of Fame at 7021 Hollywood Blvd.
- 2013: Society of Camera Operators Winner—Governor's Award
- Born Carole Penny Marshall in 1943, as per My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 10; ISBN 978-0-547-89262-7. Copyright 2012
- "Penny Marshall". IMBD. IMBD. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "Comedy On Tap – Garry Marshall Interview".
- "A Penny for your Horsey ?". Kentucky New Era. June 24, 1977. p. 10.
- LaSalle, Mick (May 26, 2006). "This Jewish boy's life will make you laugh (and get a bit verklempt?)". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- An Interview with the Cast of Keeping up with the Steins Archived April 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Ancestry of Penny Marshall at Genealogy.com Archived July 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Penny Marshall".
- Peter Canavese. "Groucho Reviews: Interview: Garry Marshall—Keeping Up With the Steins—05/05/06". GrouchoReviews.
- "...Anthony "Tony" Masciarelli", a handsome, athletic young man majoring in advertising at New York University ... To better his chances, he changed his last name from Masciarelli to Marshall and forevermore denied that he was both Italian and Catholic". My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 4; ISBN 978-0-547-89262-7. Copyright 2012.
- My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 18.
- Abramowitz, Rachel (2000). Is That a Gun in Your Pocket? Women's Experience of Power in Hollywood. New York: Random House, ISBN 0-679-43754-1, p. 289
- Abramowitz, p. 290
- Abramowitz, pp. 290–91
- ""Happy Days" A Date with Fonzie (TV Episode 1975)". IMDb.
- "Laverne & Shirley (TV Series 1976–1983)". IMDb.
- "'Laverne & Shirley' Star Cindy Williams Spills Show Secrets in New Tell-All".
- ""Taxi" Louie Moves Uptown (TV Episode 1983)". IMDb.
- ""Laverne & Shirley" Lost in Spacesuits (TV Episode 1982)". IMDb.
- Bibel, Sara (June 26, 2013). "Penny Marshall and Cindy Williams to Reunite on Nickelodeon's 'Sam & Cat'". TVbytheNumbers. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "'Laverne & Shirley' stars reunite on Nick comedy". Yahoo.com. June 26, 2013.
- "Laverne & Shirley Stars Penny Marshall, Cindy Williams To Reunite on Nickelodeon's Sam & Cat". Yahoo!TV. June 26, 2013.
- "Penny Marshall—Director, Producer—Biography". Tribute.ca.
- Abramowitz, p. 295
- https://www.tribute.ca/people/penny-marshall/4854/. Missing or empty
- "Past Recipients: Crystal Award". Women in Film. Archived from the original on June 30, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
- Yamato, Jen. "Penny Marshall Back To Baseball With Biopic Of First Female Hall Of Famer". Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "PENNY MARSHALL'S FAVORITE MISTAKE: GETTING PREGNANT AT 19". Newsweek.
- California Marriage Index, 1960–1985, marriage of Carole P. Marshall and Robert Reiner, Los Angeles
- Abramowitz, p. 291
- "Artgarfunkel.com". Artgarfunkel.com. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- Gostin, Nicki (2012-10-04). "Penny Marshall talks cancer, abortion, reconciling with 'Laverne & Shirley co-star in new memoir". Fox. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
- TV Guide http://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/penny-marshall/bio/184588/. Retrieved 21 April 2018. Missing or empty
- "Penny Marshall Awards". IMDb. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "Penny Marshall Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved 4/20/18. Check date values in:
- "Penny Marshall Biography". tribute.ca. tribute. Retrieved 4/20/18. Check date values in:
- "Garry Marshall". Biography.com. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
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