United States of Tara
|United States of Tara|
|Created by||Diablo Cody|
|Theme music composer||Tim DeLaughter|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||3|
|No. of episodes||36 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producers||Steven Spielberg|
Alexa Junge (season 1)
Joey Soloway (season 2–3)
Craig Zisk (season 2–3)
|Production locations||Overland Park, Kansas (setting)|
Los Angeles, California (actual filming location)
|Running time||30 minutes|
|Production companies||DreamWorks Television|
|Original release||January 18, 2009 –|
June 20, 2011
United States of Tara is an American television comedy-drama created by Diablo Cody, which aired on Showtime from 2009 to 2011. The series follows the life of Tara (Toni Collette), a suburban artist and mother coping with dissociative identity disorder.
The series was based on an idea by Steven Spielberg, who is the executive producer, under his DreamWorks Television label. Other executive producers include writers Darryl Frank, Justin Falvey, director Craig Zisk, and showrunners Cody and Jill Soloway. Former executive producer Alexa Junge quit as showrunner after the first season.
Principal photography was filmed in Los Angeles, California, while the show's setting is located in Overland Park, Kansas. Collette won the 2009 Primetime Emmy Award and 2010 Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Comedy Series for her role; the opening title sequence also won an Emmy. The show's third and final season premiered on March 28, 2011.
The show is a representation of a seemingly typical American family who must cope with the daily struggles of dissociative identity disorder (DID). Tara Gregson is a wife and mother of two children in Overland Park, Kansas, a suburb of Kansas City, who has been diagnosed with DID. Suffering side effects from the medication, she is depressed at her inability to focus, to feel, to be intimate, to create art, and to progress in therapy to discover the painful source of her dissociation. With approval from her therapist, she discontinues the medication, knowing that multiple personalities will reemerge.
When stressed, Tara may transition into one of her alters: wild and flirty teenager T; 1950s style housewife Alice; and male, loud, beer-drinking Vietnam vet Buck. A fourth alter, Gimme, is introduced later in the first season. During the second season, two further personalities are introduced: Shoshana, Tara's therapist of sorts, and Chicken, an infantile representation of Tara when she was five years old. Another alter emerges in Season 3, that of Tara's previously unknown half-brother Bryce. Tara is supported by her husband Max, daughter Kate, and son Marshall. Her sister, Charmaine, is initially not very supportive of Tara, expressing doubts about the validity of her sister's disorder, though she becomes increasingly more understanding and receptive as the series progresses.
- Tara Gregson (née Craine) (Toni Collette), a woman with dissociative identity disorder
- Max Gregson (John Corbett), Tara's husband
- Kate Gregson (Brie Larson), Tara and Max's troubled teenage daughter
- Marshall Gregson (Keir Gilchrist), Tara and Max's son
- Charmaine Craine (Rosemarie DeWitt), Tara's self-absorbed younger sister
The show was conceived by executive producer Steven Spielberg and his wife Kate Capshaw, while discussing the compartmentalization of the typical human psyche. The staff members were challenged with making a comedy show that is counteracted by the unknowable but believable anguish of severe mental illness. They wanted a widely relatable story of fragmentation of the self, and of the loving perseverance of the family. Executive producer Alexa Junge said, "It never comes from making fun of a woman who can't control herself." Series creator Diablo Cody said she was "nervous" about making the pilot funny but not a sitcom, while being sensitive to a mental disorder. Therefore, the disorder was researched and then the scripts were reviewed by dissociative identity disorder expert and medical school professor, Richard Kluft.
Portia Doubleday was cast as Kate in the pilot episode of United States of Tara. Doubleday was replaced by Brie Larson when the series' creative team chose to go in a different direction with the character.
Diablo Cody didn't expect the pilot to reach series status, so she considered "three seasons in the lion's den" to be exceptional. She emphatically appreciated the writers, but was pressured with the expectation of writing more "gobbledygook banter" as seen in her recent hit movie Juno; she disliked the institution of the writers' room and wished that it had been primarily a solo effort. She said Steven Spielberg was "incredibly involved", offering "his soul and his input" to the series. She was sad to learn of the cancellation especially without a proper finale, but was fairly satisfied with "a nice, natural end".
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||12||January 18, 2009||April 5, 2009|
|2||12||March 22, 2010||June 7, 2010|
|3||12||March 28, 2011||June 20, 2011|
The series premiered on the US network Showtime on January 18, 2009. On February 10, 2009, after only four episodes had aired, Showtime Networks president of entertainment Robert Greenblatt announced that United States of Tara would be renewed for a second season, to consist of twelve episodes and air in early 2010. He said the early renewal decision came after the show averaged 2.67 million viewers per week, giving the network its highest ratings since 2004, when Nielsen Media Research began counting original shows on premium channels in its prime time ratings. Season two premiered on March 22, 2010.
On March 25, three days after the season 2 premiere, it was announced that it would be picked up for a third season which aired in spring 2011. Season 3 officially premiered on March 28, 2011. On May 23, 2011, it was announced that the series would not be renewed for a fourth season.
Critical response to the show was positive, with many reviewers praising Collette's acting. According to Metacritic, which assigns a rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the show's first season holds a score of 63 out of 100, indicating "generally favorable reviews", based on 24 reviews. Season 2 has 79% with 10 reviews, and Season 3 has 84% ("universal acclaim") with 5 reviews.
Troy Patterson of Slate gave high praise to Diablo Cody's infamous style of snarky pop-culture dialog, and to the cast, concluding that "The most elusive of the personalities is Tara herself, and that's as it should be." Emily Nussbaum of Vulture saw Tara as "the true sister act" to Dexter, Showtime's other hit show at the time, with a more feminine focus on the allegorical roots of mental illness. She said it "has slowly taken its premise deeper, bolder places than I ever expected, all while maintaining an arch-comic tone that could sour if it weren’t so smart. Far more ambitious than bloated award bait like Boardwalk Empire, it has become a truly original series, a dark comedy about sexual abuse, swinging at existential questions about its heroine's struggle to become a real girl." Alan Sepinwall of HitFix said that Tara has "gotten deeper, darker and just plain better as it's gone along" where sometimes "the Gregson family seems in danger of splintering as badly as Tara's psyche".
In a 2014 retrospective, Ariana Bacle at Entertainment Weekly said that she was "still not over" the show's premature cancellation. She said the show portrays mental illness in a realistic, humanizing, and normalizing way that gives appropriate weight to the lives of all the family members who were overwhelmed but not totally consumed by one's mental illness. She found it "dark" but "consistently funny, never taking itself too seriously". She praised Toni Collette's "flawless" transition between personalities that are so multilayered yet "insanely distinct" that they could have each been a different actor.
Awards and nominations
|2009||Emmy Award||Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series||Toni Collette||Won|
|Outstanding Casting for a Comedy Series||Allison Jones, Cami Patton and Elizabeth Barnes||Nominated|
|Outstanding Main Title Design||Jamie Caliri, Dave Finkel, Brett Baer and Alex Jukasz||Won|
|Outstanding Original Main Title Theme Music||Tim Delaughter||Nominated|
|2010||Golden Globe Award||Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy||Toni Collette||Won|
|Emmy Award||Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series||Toni Collette||Nominated|
|Outstanding Casting for a Comedy Series||Cami Patton and Jennifer Lare||Nominated|
|Screen Actors Guild Award||Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series||Toni Collette||Nominated|
|GLAAD Media Award||Outstanding Comedy Series||Nominated|
|2011||Golden Globe Award||Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy||Toni Collette||Nominated|
|DVD Name||Release Date||No. of
|The First Season||12||
|The Second Season||
|The Third and Final Season||
In Australia, United States of Tara was rated MA 15+, and in New Zealand, it was rated R13 for offensive language and sexual references.
- Carlbert, Michelle (January 18, 2011). "NURSE JACKIE and UNITED STATES OF TARA Season 3 Premiere Date Announced". TV Equals. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- Carlbert, Michelle (May 23, 2011). "Showtime keeping NURSE JACKIE But Giving UNITED STATES OF TARA The Boot". TV Equals. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- "United States of Tara: Showtime Comedy Cancelled; No Season Four". TV Series Finale. May 23, 2011. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- Patterson, Troy (January 15, 2020). "The United States of Tara". Slate. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
- McDowell, Jeanne Dorin (January 9, 2009). "The Four (at Least) Faces of Tara". The New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
- Ouzounian, Richard (January 5, 2010). "Portia Doubleday: Michael Cera's transformer". Toronto Star. Toronto. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
- Cody, Diablo (May 25, 2011). "Diablo Cody on United States of Tara's Cancellation: 'If I Do TV Again, I Would Do It Differently'". Vulture (Interview). Interviewed by Patti Greco. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- "Showtime United With Tara For Second Season". Multichannel News. February 10, 2009. Archived from the original on February 14, 2009.
- Caitlin, Roger (November 6, 2009). "'Nurse Jackie,' 'Tara' Both Back March 22". Hartford Courant. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- "Showtime renews 'Nurse Jackie,' 'United States of Tara". HitFix. March 25, 2010. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- "United States of Tara - Season 1 Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- Nussbaum, Emily (March 28, 2011). "TV Review: Is United States of Tara the New Dexter?". Vulture. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Sepinwall, Alan (March 28, 2011). "Review: Showtime's 'United States of Tara' & 'Nurse Jackie' take different paths in season 3". Archived from the original on October 14, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- Bacle, Ariana (February 10, 2014). "I'm Still Not Over... 'United States of Tara' getting canceled". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 5, 2020.
- "United States Of Tara". Emmys. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- Lambert, David (October 5, 2009). "United States of Tara - A Change Comes to 'Tara': DVD Delayed, Extras Revealed". TVShowsonDVD.com. Archived from the original on October 9, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- Lambert, David (September 7, 2010). "United States of Tara - The 2nd Season DVDs: Date, Bonus Material, Cover Art". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- Lambert, David (May 16, 2011). "United States of Tara - 'The 3rd Season' Announced: Date, Details and Early Cover Art". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2013.