Philippine five peso note
|Security features||Security fibers, Watermark, See-through registration device, Concealed value, Security thread|
|Paper type||90% cotton|
|Years of printing||1896-1996|
|Design||Emilio Aguinaldo, Philippine independence marker|
|Design||Declaration of Philippine independence|
The Philippine five-peso note (Filipino: Limang Piso) (₱5) was a denomination of Philippine currency. Philippine president Emilio Aguinaldo is featured on the front side of the note, while the Declaration of the Philippine Independence is featured on the reverse side. This banknote was circulated until the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas stopped printing this denomination in 1996 (the last production year is 1995) and was replaced by coins.
- 1903: Philippine Islands issued silver certificates. Features a portrait of William McKinley.
- 1908: Banco Español Filipino issued notes.
- 1920: BPI issued notes.
- 1936: PNB issued notes.
- 1937: Philippine Commonwealth issued treasury certificate. Features the portraits of William McKinley and George Dewey on both sides of the obverse. This series were later overprinted with the word "VICTORY" on the reverse after the liberation of the Philippines under Japanese rule in 1944.
- 1942: Japanese government issued series. Features a farmer in a forest on the right of the obverse, with the number "5" on the center. Another version, this time featuring the Rizal Monument on the right of the obverse, was released in 1944. The banknotes ceased to be legal tender after the liberation.
- 1951: English series, Features the portraits of Marcelo H. Del Pilar and Graciano Lopez-Jaena, two important figures of the Propaganda movement before the Philippine revolution, on the obverse. The reverse features the official newspaper of the propaganda movement, the La Solidaridad.
- 1969: Pilipino series, Andres Bonifacio replaced the portraits of Del Pilar and Lopez-Jaena. The note is now predominantly green in color. On the reverse, it now features the scenario of how to be a member of the Katipunan through signing a contract by their own blood. The design of the obverse was later revised, the font for the text Republika ng Pilipinas and Limang Piso was changed, the color of the portrait of Bonifacio was changed from brown to green and geometric lines were added on the sides and the watermark area of the bill. This design was later used when the Bagong Lipunan series was released in 1973.
- 1972: Ang Bagong Lipunan series, The "Ang Bagong Lipunan" text was added and was overprinted on the watermark area.
- 1985: New design series, The bill was completely redesigned and Emilio Aguinaldo replaced Bonifacio in this series. The NHCP historical marker in the Barasoain Church (indicating the foundation of the First Philippine Republic, which Aguinaldo became its president) along with a cannon can be seen on the right side of the obverse. On the reverse, a scene from the Declaration of the Philippine Independence is featured. This was previously featured on the reverse of the Ang Bagong Lipunan series two peso banknote.
- 1996: The printing of this banknote was stopped after the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas released the new ₱5 coin denomination that coincided the launching of the Improved Flora and Fauna series coins and due to the release of the BSP series ₱5 coin one year earlier, in which the bills also included in this series from 1993 to 1996. Existing banknotes remained legal tender and were demonetized on December 29, 2017 after the release of the New Generation series banknotes in 2010.
Throughout its existence, the five peso bill was often overprinted to commemorate certain events, namely:
- State visit of President Corazon Aquino to the United States of America: In 1986, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas released a commemorative banknote for the commemoration of state visit of President Corazon Aquino to the United States. The overprint features the seal of the Philippine President with the words "PAGDALAW NG PANGULONG CORAZON C. AQUINO SA AMERIKA" and the date "SET. 15-23, 1986" is displayed below.
- Canonization of Lorenzo Ruiz: The overprint features the first Filipino saint named San Lorenzo Ruiz with the words "KANONISASYON NG PINAGPALANG SAN LORENZO RUIZ" and the date "OKTUBRE 18, 1987".
- 40th anniversary of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas: BSP released the overprint in commemoration of its 40th anniversary. It is printed in red, has the words "IKA-40 ANIBERSARYO" and "BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS - 1949-1989" and features its building in Manila.
- Commemoration of Women's rights: The overprint features a portrait of a woman holding a Philippine flag and around it has the words "KABABAIHAN PARA SA KAUNLARAN - 1990".
- Plenary Council of the Philippines: Features a cross, the Philippine map on the lower-right corner of the circle, and the PX monogram. Around it are the words "UNITE ALL THINGS UNDER CHRIST (EPH 1:10)", "II PLENARY COUNCIL OF THE PHILIPPINES", and below it is the date "20 JANUARY TO 17 FEBRUARY 1991". This is the only time the overprint is in English language and the only commemorative banknote that features the signature of BSP governor Jose L. Cuisia, Jr.
Also, these banknotes are the only time that has a year mark but it is not printed below the denomination.
In popular culture
- The New Design Series/BSP series five-peso note made an appearance on Cartoon Network's The Powerpuff Girls 2016 reboot episode Presidential Punchout along with other bills of various currencies. It was used as a background when Blossom says "Understanding what this school needs."
- Montecillo, Paolo G. "Old peso bills going out of circulation". Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- Ide, Henry C. (1907). "Accept Terms and Conditions on JSTOR". The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 30: 27–37. doi:10.1177/000271620703000103. JSTOR 1010630.
- "Tracing PHL's story of money at the Bangko Sentral's Money Museum". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "BPI museum traces history of banking in Philippines - MyCebu.ph: Cebu News & Features". mycebu.ph. 2011-09-11. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "History - Philippine National Bank". www.pnb.com.ph. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Treasury of the Philippines 1936 5 Pesos Note: A Vision of U.S. Imperialism | PMG". www.pmgnotes.com. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "'Victory' notes - WWII Philippine Currency". www.guerrilla-money.com. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "WW II Allied Propaganda Banknotes". www.psywarrior.com. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "There's More to the New Five-Peso Coin Than Its Confusing Color". SPOT.PH. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas - BSP Notes and Coins - History of Philippine Currency - Demonetized Banknotes - English Series". www.bsp.gov.ph. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas - BSP Notes and Coins - History of Philippine Currency - Demonetized Banknotes - Pilipino Series". www.bsp.gov.ph. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas - BSP Notes and Coins - History of Philippine Currency - Demonetized Banknotes - Ang Bagong Lipunan Series". www.bsp.gov.ph. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas - BSP Notes and Coins - Currency in Circulation - New Design Series". www.bsp.gov.ph. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas - BSP Notes and Coins - History of Philippine Currency - Demonetized Coins - Improved Flora and Fauna Series". www.bsp.gov.ph. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- News, ABS-CBN. "Bangko Sentral extends deadline to exchange demonetized notes". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas - BSP Notes and Coins - Currency in Circulation - New Generation Currency". www.bsp.gov.ph. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Welcome to Kolektado". Kolektado. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "St. Pedro Calungsod commemorative banknote out soon". Pinoy Numismatist Network. 2013-02-10. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Philippine Banknotes: 1989 5 PISO Bangko Sentral 40th Anniversary". Barya at Perang Papel. 2015-02-02. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Philippine Banknote: 1990 5 PISO Kababaihan Para Sa Kaunlaran Overprint". Barya at Perang Papel. 2015-02-26. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "Philippine Banknotes: 1991 5 PISO Second Plenary Council of the Philippines". Barya at Perang Papel. 2015-01-27. Retrieved 2018-10-26.