Phosphate acetyltransferase

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acetyl phosphate
Identifiers
EC number2.3.1.8
CAS number9029-91-8
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a phosphate acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

acetyl-CoA + phosphate CoA + acetyl phosphate

The substrates of this enzyme are acetyl-CoA and phosphate, whereas its two products are CoA and acetyl phosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those acyltransferases transferring groups other than aminoacyl groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is acetyl-CoA:phosphate acetyltransferase. Other names in common use include phosphotransacetylase, phosphoacylase, and PTA. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, pyruvate metabolism, and propanoate metabolism.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 7 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1QZT, 1R5J, 1TD9, 1VMI, 1XCO, 2AF3, and 2AF4.

References[edit]

  • BERGMEYER HU, HOLZ G, KLOTZSCH H, LANG G (1963). "[PHOSPHOTRANSACETYLASE FROM CLOSTRIDIUM KLUYVERI. CULTURE OF THE BACTERIUM, ISOLATION, CRYSTALLIZATION AND PROPERTIES OF THE ENZYME.]". Biochem. Z. 338: 114–21. PMID 14087284.
  • STADTMAN ER (1952). "The purification and properties of phosphotransacetylase". J. Biol. Chem. 196 (2): 527–34. PMID 12980995.
  • Stadtman ER (1955). Stadtman, ER (ed.). "Phosphotransacetylase from Clostridium kluyveri". Methods Enzymol. Methods in Enzymology. 1: 596–599. doi:10.1016/0076-6879(55)01103-8. ISBN 0-12-181801-2.