Port Elgin, New Brunswick

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Port Elgin
Port Elgin in 2007
Port Elgin in 2007
Motto: "Your Port of Call"
Location of Port Elgin within New Brunswick. Represented by the red dot.
Location of Port Elgin within New Brunswick. Represented by the red dot.
Port Elgin
Location of Port Elgin within New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 46°04′59″N 64°09′29″W / 46.08306°N 64.15806°W / 46.08306; -64.15806Coordinates: 46°04′59″N 64°09′29″W / 46.08306°N 64.15806°W / 46.08306; -64.15806
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
County Westmorland
Established 1690
 • Mayor Judy McCray
 • MPs MLA
 • Total 18.55 km2 (7.162 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (5 ft)
Highest elevation 4 m (14 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 418
 • Density 24.25/km2 (62.8/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Portelginian
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code(s) E4M
Area code(s) 506
Access Routes  Route 16 (TCH)
NB 15.png Route 15
NB 970.png Route 970
Dwellings 229
Website www.villageofportelgin.com

Port Elgin is a Canadian village in Westmorland County, New Brunswick. It is located near the Nova Scotia border at the mouth of the Gaspereaux River where it empties into Baie Verte of the Northumberland Strait.


The village was founded by Acadians in 1690, but abandoned after the Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755. The earthworks of Fort Gaspareaux, a French military fortification from the Seven Years' War are located at the mouth of the river immediately east of the village.

Following the Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War, British Loyalists resettled in the area which was named Gaspareaux Town. Gaspareaux Town was renamed Port Elgin in 1847 in honour of Lord Elgin. The community was incorporated as a village in 1922, the first community in the province to do so.[1]

Throughout the 19th century and first half of the 20th century, Port Elgin experienced modest industrialization with a handful of small factories, tanneries, and sawmills. The village also saw some shipping activity with several wharves on a sheltered harbour at the mouth of the Gaspereau River. The New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island Railway was built through the village in the early 1880s, opening on September 9, 1886 to connect the Intercolonial Railway at Sackville with the seasonal port of Cape Tormentine which supported the winter iceboat service to Prince Edward Island; in 1917 this port became a terminal for the year-round ferry service to P.E.I.

Bridge across the Gaspereau River in Port Elgin, New Brunswick

Automobile traffic increased through the village in the 1920s after the P.E.I. ferries began to carry road vehicles. The Baie Verte Road ran west of the village through Baie Verte as "Main Street" and the Immigrant Road ran east of the village. In the 1960s a bypass for Route 16 as a result of Trans-Canada Highway project funding was constructed around Baie Verte and Port Elgin; a traffic circle called the "Port Elgin Rotary" was built at the intersection between Route 16 and Route 15 and Route 970.

The largest employer in the village is Atlantic Windows, which employs 200 persons year-round.[2] The second largest employer is Westford Nursing Home, which has about 30 full and part-time staff and provides permanent care facility for 29 persons as well as one relief-care bed.

The village has a single school, Port Elgin Regional School, which provides public schooling for grades K-8; this school district encompasses all surrounding areas running as far east as Cape Tormentine, north to Robichaud and west to Jolicure. The village also had its own high school but this was closed in the 1990s and high school students are now bused to Tantramar Regional High School in Sackville.

2010 coastal flooding[edit]

On January 2, 2010, the village experienced coastal flooding as a result of a storm surge from a nor'easter lifted cottages off their foundations and led to considerable damage to homes, forcing the declaration of a state of emergency in the village and surrounding area.[3] The damage incurred by this storm is thought to be in the area of $900,000.[4]

A second coastal flooding event occurred on December 21, 2010, when another storm surge from a nor'easter flooded sections of the village and surrounding area.[5]


Population trend
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1981 504 —    
1986 470 −1.39%
1991 490 +0.84%
1996 445 −1.91%
2001 436 −0.41%
2006 451 +0.68%
2011 418 −1.51%
Source: [6]
Religious make-up (2001)
Religion Population Pct (%)
Protestant 210 52.50%
Catholic 170 42.50%
No religious affiliation 20 5.00%
Income (2006)
Income type By CAD
Per capita income $15,893
Median Household Income $27,575
Median Family Income $31,769
Mother tongue language (2006)
Language Population Pct (%)
English 385 97.47%
Other languages 10 2.53%

See also[edit]

Fort Monckton Lighthouse
Fort Monckton Lighthouse in 2006
Port Elgin, New Brunswick is located in New Brunswick
Port Elgin, New Brunswick
New Brunswick
Location Gaspereaux Point
Port Elgin
New Brunswick
Coordinates 46°2′35.64″N 64°4′14.74″W / 46.0432333°N 64.0707611°W / 46.0432333; -64.0707611
Year first constructed 1908 (first)
Year first lit 1971 (current)
Deactivated 1971 (first)
Foundation concrete basement
Construction fiberglass tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with light
Markings / pattern red tower with a central white band
Height 7 metres (23 ft)
Focal height 10 metres (33 ft)
Light source solar power
Range 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi)[7]
Characteristic Fl W 3s.
Admiralty number H1304
CHS number CCG 1086
NGA number 7844
ARLHS number CAN-183
Managing agent Parks Canada (Fort Gaspereaux National Historic Site) [8][7]


  1. ^ History of Port Elgin
  2. ^ is a champca/region/port_elgin.php
  3. ^ "CBC News - Canada - Maritimes recover after 'weather bomb'". Cbc.ca. 2010-01-04. Retrieved 2010-02-26. 
  4. ^ "N.B. village seeks $750K in flood aid". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. January 8, 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "Eastern N.B. faces treacherous weather". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. December 20, 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  7. ^ a b List of Lights, Pub. 110, Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015. 
  8. ^ Northern New Brunswick The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 21 March 2017

External links[edit]