List of heads of state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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This article lists the heads of state (presidents) of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly the Republic of the Congo and Zaire) since the country's independence in 1960.

The current head of state is President Félix Tshisekedi, since 24 January 2019.

Heads of state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1960–present)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Republic of the Congo (1960–1971)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Joseph Kasa-Vubu at the Belgo-Congolese Round Table Conference.jpg Joseph Kasa-Vubu
(1910–1969)
1960 1 July 1960 24 November 1965[a] 5 years, 146 days ABAKO
Gizenga, 1961.jpg Antoine Gizenga
(1925–2019)
(disputed)[b]
31 March 1961 5 August 1961 127 days Parti Solidaire Africain
(Gizenga faction)
2 Mobutu.jpg Joseph-Désiré Mobutu
(1930–1997)
1970 24 November 1965 27 October 1971 5 years, 337 days Military /
Popular Movement of the Revolution

Republic of Zaire (1971–1997)[edit]

(2) Mobutu.jpg Mobutu Sese Seko
(1930–1997)[c]
1977
1984
27 October 1971 16 May 1997[d] 25 years, 201 days Popular Movement of the Revolution

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1997–present)[edit]

3 Laurent-Désiré Kabila cropped.jpg Laurent-Désiré Kabila
(1939–2001)
17 May 1997 16 January 2001
(assassinated)
3 years, 244 days Independent
4 Joseph Kabila April 2016.jpg Joseph Kabila
(born 1971)
2006
2011
26 January 2001
Acting since 17 January 2001
24 January 2019 17 years, 363 days Independent /
People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy
5 Félix Tshisekedi - 2019 (cropped).jpg Félix Tshisekedi
(born 1963)
2018 24 January 2019 Incumbent 1 year, 172 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress

Timeline[edit]

Félix TshisekediJoseph KabilaLaurent-Désiré KabilaMobutu Sese SekoAntoine GizengaJoseph Kasa-Vubu


Rank by time in office[edit]

Rank President Time in office
1 Mobutu Sese Seko 31 years, 173 days
2 Joseph Kabila 18 years, 7 days
3 Joseph Kasa-Vubu 5 years, 146 days
4 Laurent-Désiré Kabila 3 years, 245 days
5 Félix Tshisekedi 1 year, 172 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Deposed in the 1965 coup d'état.
  2. ^ Head of state of the Free Republic of the Congo, in rebellion at Stanleyville, during the Congo Crisis.[1]
  3. ^ Previously named Joseph-Désiré Mobutu; changed name on 10 January 1972 due to the policy of Zairianisation.
  4. ^ Deposed in the First Congo War.

References[edit]

  1. ^ James, Alan (1996). Britain and the Congo Crisis, 1960–63 (illustrated ed.). Springer. pp. xix. ISBN 9781349245284.

External links[edit]