Principality of Reuss-Greiz
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|Principality of Reuss-Greiz|
Ich Bau Auf Gott
"I build on God"
Gott, erhalt' in Deiner Gnaden Unsern Fürsten
"God, Save in Your Mercy Our Prince"
Reuss Elder Line within the German Empire
Reuss Elder Line within Thuringia
|Minister of State|
|•||1782–1833||Franz von Grün|
|•||1901–1918||Ernst von Meding|
|•||Established||12 May 1778|
|•||Disestablished||11 November 1918|
|•||1905||316.7 km2 (122.3 sq mi)|
|Density||223/km2 (577/sq mi)|
The Principality of Reuss-Greiz (German: Fürstentum Reuß-Greiz), called the Principality of the Reuss Elder Line (German: Fürstentum Reuß älterer Linie) after 1848, was a sovereign state in modern Germany, ruled by members of the House of Reuss. The Counts Reuss of Greiz, Lower-Greiz and Upper-Greiz (German: Reuß zu Greiz, Untergreiz und Obergreiz) were elevated to princely status in 1778 and thereafter bore the title of Prince Reuss, Elder Line, or Prince Reuss of Greiz.
Similarly to the more numerous Reuss Junior Line, the male members of this house were all named "Heinrich", in honour of Emperor Heinrich VI, who had benefited the family. They were numbered sequentially by birth, rather than by reign, with the last series beginning with Heinrich I (born 1693) and ending with Heinrich XXIV (1878–1927).
In 1919, in the aftermath of World War I, the territory of the Elder Line was merged with that of the Junior Line as the People's State of Reuss, which was incorporated into the new state of Thuringia in 1920. The Elder Line died out in 1927 with the death of the childless Heinrich XXIV, after which its claims were passed to the Junior Line.
The Upper Castle at Greiz
Princes of Reuss-Greiz (1778–1918)
- Heinrich XI, Count Reuss of Obergreiz from 1723, Untergreiz from 1768, 1st Prince 12 May 1778-1800 (1722-1800)
Heinrich XXIV, 6th Prince 1918-1927 (1878–1927)
To Reuss Junior Line on the death of Prince Heinrich XXIV
- Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz, wife of former German Emperor Wilhelm II
- Princess Caroline Reuss of Greiz, wife of Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
- Flag of Germany, whose modern colors match those of the Reuss-Greiz principality