Principality of Reuss-Greiz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Reuss Elder Line)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Principality of Reuss-Greiz
Fürstentum Reuß-Greiz
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Ich Bau Auf Gott
"I build on God"
Gott, erhalt' in Deiner Gnaden Unsern Fürsten
"God, Save in Your Mercy Our Prince"
Reuss Elder Line within the German Empire
Reuss Elder Line within Thuringia
Capital Greiz
Government Principality
 •  1778–1800 Heinrich XI
 •  1800–1817 Heinrich XIII
 •  1817–1836 Heinrich XIX
 •  1836–1859 Heinrich XX
 •  1859–1902 Heinrich XXII
 •  1902–1918 Heinrich XXIV
Minister of State
 •  1782–1833 Franz von Grün
 •  1901–1918 Ernst von Meding
 •  Established 12 May 1778
 •  Disestablished 11 November 1918
 •  1905 316.7 km2 (122.3 sq mi)
 •  1905 est. 70,590 
     Density 223/km2 (577/sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Imperial County of Reuss
People's State of Reuss

The Principality of Reuss-Greiz (German: Fürstentum Reuß-Greiz), called the Principality of the Reuss Elder Line (German: Fürstentum Reuß älterer Linie) after 1848, was a sovereign state in modern Germany, ruled by members of the House of Reuss. The Counts Reuss of Greiz, Lower-Greiz and Upper-Greiz (German: Reuß zu Greiz, Untergreiz und Obergreiz) were elevated to princely status in 1778 and thereafter bore the title of Prince Reuss, Elder Line, or Prince Reuss of Greiz.

Similarly to the more numerous Reuss Junior Line, the male members of this house were all named "Heinrich", in honour of Emperor Heinrich VI, who had benefited the family. They were numbered sequentially by birth, rather than by reign, with the last series beginning with Heinrich I (born 1693) and ending with Heinrich XXIV (1878–1927).


The principality of the Reuss Elder Line had an area of 317 km² and a population of 71,000 (1905). Its capital was Greiz.

In 1919, in the aftermath of World War I, the territory of the Elder Line was merged with that of the Junior Line as the People's State of Reuss, which was incorporated into the new state of Thuringia in 1920. The Elder Line died out in 1927 with the death of the childless Heinrich XXIV, after which its claims were passed to the Junior Line.

Princes of Reuss-Greiz (1778–1918)[edit]

Princes post-monarchy[edit]

Heinrich XXIV, 6th Prince 1918-1927 (1878–1927)

To Reuss Junior Line on the death of Prince Heinrich XXIV

Notable figures[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Flag of Germany, whose modern colors match those of the Reuss-Greiz principality