Principality of Reuss-Greiz
|Principality of Reuss-Greiz|
Ich Bau Auf Gott
"I build on God"
Gott, erhalt' in Deiner Gnaden Unsern Fürsten
"God, Save in Your Mercy Our Prince"
Reuss Elder Line within the German Empire
Reuss Elder Line within Thuringia
|Minister of State|
|•||1782–1833||Franz von Grün|
|•||1901–1918||Ernst von Meding|
|•||Established||12 May 1778|
|•||Disestablished||11 November 1918|
|•||1905||316.7 km² (122 sq mi)|
|Density||222.9 /km² (577.3 /sq mi)|
The Principality of Reuss-Greiz (German: Fürstentum Reuß-Greiz), called the Principality of the Reuss Elder Line (German: Fürstentum Reuß älterer Linie) after 1848, was a sovereign state in modern Germany, ruled by members of the House of Reuss. The Counts Reuss of Greiz, Lower- and Upper Greiz (German: Reuß zu Greiz, Untergreiz und Obergreiz), were elevated to princely status in 1778. Its members bore the title Prince Reuss, Elder Line, or Prince Reuss of Greiz. Similarly to the more numerous Reuss Younger Line, the male members of this house were all named "Heinrich", in honour of Heinrich VI who had benefited the family, and were numbered sequentially by birth, rather than by reign, the last series beginning with Heinrich I (born 1693) and ending with Heinrich XXIV (1878–1927).
The Principality of Reuss Elder Line had an area of 317 km² and a population of 71,000 (1905). Its capital was Greiz.
In 1919, in the aftermath of World War I, the territory of the Elder Line was merged with that of the Junior Line as the People's State of Reuss, which later that year was incorporated into the new state of Thuringia. The Reuss Elder Line died out with the death of the childless Heinrich XXIV in 1927, after which its claims were passed to the younger line.
The Upper Castle at Greiz
Princes of Reuss-Greiz (1778–1918)
- Heinrich XI, Count Reuss von Ober-Greiz from 1723, Unter-Greiz from 1768, 1st Prince 1778-1800 (1722-1800)
Heinrich XXIV, 6th Prince 1918-1927 (1878–1927)
To Reuss Younger Line on the death of Prince Heinrich XXIV
- Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz - wife of former German Emperor Wilhelm II
- Princess Caroline Reuss of Greiz - wife of Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach